Geography Study

Created by michaelqiu 

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1. Why are maps so important?
We use them all the time
We use both paper and digital maps
Maps are everywhere
Maps tap into innate human knowledge called spatial thinking
All of the above

All of the above

Which method of human reasoning makes most use of spatial reasoning?
Oracy
Literacy
Numeracy
Graphicacy
Catalhoyukacy

Graphicacy

Graphicacy and spatial reasoning make use of:( 1.1-3 )
A dictionary, a thesaurus and a pad of paper
A debate coach, a rhetoric class and voice lessons
A pocket calculator, on-line computing tool and a ruler
Visual aids, maps, photographs, charts and graphs
Stucco, pigments and a paint brush

Visual Aids, maps, photographs, charts, and graphs

Understanding mapping history, unencoding maps' meaning, knowing how maps are constructed, and seeing how maps are structured and the rules they follow will help you:( 1.1-5 )
Win friends and influence people
Fill your spare time
Finish the Sunday crossword puzzle
Travel to Turkey
Unlock your graphicacy

Unlock your graphicacy

Humans first migrated out of Africa:( 1.2-2 )
15 000 years ago
60 000 years ago
60 000 000 years ago
6 000 years ago
After the end of Apartheid

60000 years ago

Cave painting first appeared:( 1.2-2 )
Last Friday
15 000 years ago
40 000 years ago
120 000 years ago
In the late Cretaceous period

40000 years ago

The earliest maps were probably used for:( 1.2-3 )
hunting
reconnaissance
avoiding hazards
route finding
All of the above

All of the above

Catalhoyuk is in modern day:( 1.2.1-2 )
France
Texas
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Greece

Turkey

The Catalhoyuk mural/map is in a museum in what city?( 1.2.1-5 )
Ankara
Istanbul
Paris
London
The map did not survive

Ankara

What two features does the Catalhoyuk map allegedly show?( 1.2.1-7 )
A river and a swamp
A hill and a valley
A volcano with two peaks and a town plan
A town plan and a swamp
The lost gold mines of the Ottoman empire

A volcano with two peaks and a town plan

Stephanie Meese in a 2006 paper claimed the mural actually showed:( 1.2.1-9 )
A geometric design and a leopard skin
Two maps
A view of a goddess
A hunting plan
How to exit the room in an emergency

A geometric design and leopard skin

One of the reasons Meese believed this about the mural is that:( 1.2.4-2 )
Mellart changed his own interpretation
The colors clashed
Leopards are cuter
The drawing was upside down
All of the above

Mellart changed his own interpretation

To walk from Catalhoyuk to Hasan Dagi would take:( 1.2.2-1 )
Fourteen minutes
Fourteen hours
Fourteen days
Fourteen months
Fourteen years

C

Where is Abauntz cave?( 1.2.5-3 )
France
Spain
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Greece

B

What was found in Abauntz cave?( 1.2.5-2 )
What may be the world's oldest map
A guru
Another cave
The Dead Sea scrolls
A living Neanderthal woman

A

Which computer software allows you to zoom into an image of anywhere on earth?( 1.2.2-1 )
Google scholar
Google Earth
Map Builder
Windows 9
GPSap

B

What software is a user-contributed free road map of the whole earth? ( 1.2.5-3 )
Streemap
ClosedStreetMap
Openstreetmap
GoogleMap
YouTube

C

The world's oldest map was probably used for:( 1.2.5-6 )
Fishing
Taxation
Conquest of other tribes
Decoration
Hunting

E

Geography 12 is intended to teach you:( 1.3-2 )
Spatial reasoning and thinking
Map geometry, construction and content, practical map use, reading and navigation
Map representation, Cartometry and map analysis
Basics of cartography's sister disciplines
All of the above

E

The expectations of you for Geography 12 are to:( 1.3-5 )
Review online modules on schedule
Attend lab, and submit labs in a timely fashion
Read the book and materials, ask questions and provide evaluations
Think spatially
All of the above

E

Approximately what shape is the earth?( 2.2-3 )
Flat
Round
Donut-shaped
Cylindrical
Disk-shaped, balanced on the back of four elephants, each standing on a turtle's back

B

Which geometric model gives the most accurate and precise description of the earth's surface, but is only occasionally used in mapping?( 2.12-2 )
Sphere
Oblate ellipsoid
Geoid
Prolate ellipsoid
Witch's hat

C

The distance of 10 000 000 meters is approximately:( 2.5-8 )
The radius of the earth
The length of the polar axis around which the earth rotates
The circumference of the earth
The distance from the equator to the North Pole, on the meridian passing through Paris
The length of the longer axis of the ellipsoid

D

4. If your eyes are at about 1.7m high, about how far away can you see a golf ball on the ground on a perfectly clear day in a flat open area:( 2.6-6 )
1 998 m
9.81m
4 998m
10 000 000m
111 111m

C

5. The reference point used for mapping the USA on the NAD27 datum was:( 2.10-2 )
The International Date Line
The Top of the Washington Monument
The Paris Meridian
A single point at Meades Ranch, Kansas
The tip of George Washington's nose

D

6. The scholar who estimated the Earth's radius using a camel train, a well, and an obelisk was:( 2.5-2 )
Ibn Syene
Alexandria
Alexander Ross Clarke
Eratosthenes
Ptolemy

D

7. What is defined as: the study of the size and shape of the earth and the properties of its magnetic and gravity fields( 2.1-2 )
Geography
Geology
Geophysics
Cartography
Geodesy

E

8. Which of these are part of the planet earth's motion?( 2.1-4 )
Rotation around the sun
Rotation around the polar axis
Rotation within the Milky Way galaxy
Movement of the Milky Way group
All of the above

E

9. Which of these was among Aristotle's proofs for a round earth?( 2.2.1-2 )
The star Polaris is seen lower in the sky as one travels South
The moon appears in the sky in the daytime
Ships can be seen to drop off the edge of the earth
Eclipses can be seen with the earth casting a straight line shadow
Aristotle never proved the earth is round

A

10. What is an analemma?( 2.1-5 )
A mathematical proof that can be shown to be incorrect
A species of bird found in Equador at Mitad Del Mundo
A diagram showing the highest position of the sun at every day during the year, often shown on globes
A figure that looks like a "6"
The last word left in a crossword puzzle

C

11. One way the earth was shown to be round in this module was:( 2.2.1-7 )
By observing the sun's position at noon
By comparing Cassini's measurements of the length of a degree of latitude
By observing an oil rig off of the coast of California from two positions
By estimation
By observing the star Polaris

C

12. Which of these "experiments" proved that the earth was round?( 2.4-2 )
Ferdinand Magellan's circumnavigation (1519-1521).
The Bedford level experiments and sequels 1870
Cambridge University Geography professor H. Yule Oldham repeat of the Bedford Level experiment in 1901
Direct observation from a balloon in 1931
All of the above

E

13. Cassini and the French Academy of sciences in the 1730s believed the earth a prolate ellipsoid, and Newton predicted an oblate ellipsoid. What analogy is used in the module?( 2.7.1-1 )
Geoid and plane
Eggs and pumpkins
Hot dog and hamburger
Paper or plastic
Egg on toast

B

14. The dispute over the shape of the earth was resolved by taking measurements:( 2.7.1-5 )
All around the equator
At the North Pole
The length of the Paris meridian, from Dunkirk to Collioure
At the equator and near the Arctic circle
The length of the Amazon River

D

15. First to publish results confirming the earth as an oblate ellipsoid was:( 2.7.1-6 )
Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis in 1738
Charles Marie de la Condamine in 1751
Pierre Bouguer in 1749
Isaac Newton in 1687
John Hampden in 1870

A

16. A spheroid or ellipsoid is:( 2.8-2 )
the three dimensional figure traced by an ellipse rotated about either of its foci
the three dimensional figure traced out by an ellipse rotated about its longer axis
the three dimensional figure traced out by an ellipse rotated about its shorter axis
the two dimensional figured traced out by a pencil guided by a loop of string constrained by two nails
a slightly dented sphere

C

17. Geodetic latitude( 2.7.1-11 )
is the angle east-west measured at 90 degrees to the earth's surface
is the angle east-west measured to the earth's center
is the angle north-south measured at 90 degrees to the earth's surface
is the angle north-south measured to the earth's center
is the same as the geocentric latitude at all places

C

18. Meades Ranch, Kansas is known as:( 2.10-2 )
The place where cattle were introduced into Kansas
Where Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis measured the length or a meridian arc
The headquarters of the USGS
The point that Google Earth zooms into by default

E

19. The North American Datum of 1927 used which Ellipsoid?( 2.10-2 )
WGS84
Clarke 1866
ITRF
GEOID12
GRS80

B

20. The North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) uses an ellipsoid that is almost identical to:( 2.10-5 )
GRS80 and WGS84
NAD27
WGS72
WGS66
EGM96

A

21. Which definition is that of a geoid?( 2.12-2 )
A set of reference points on the Earth's surface against which position measurements are made
An ellipse rotated about its minor (shorter) axis
The equipotential surface of the Earth's gravity field which best fits, in a least squares sense, global mean sea level
Is the angle north-south measured at 90 degrees to the earth's surface
Spherical masses of mineral matter that were deposited syngenetically within the rock formations they are found in.

C

22. Geoids are usually described as:( 2.12-2 )
The positional distance from the same point on an ellipsoid
The height above or below an ellipsoid
Rock formations
Angular deviations between geodetic and geocentric latitudes
Geoids cannot be described

B

23. In 1870, what experiment to prove the earth's curvature involved a bet between John Hampden and Alfred Russel Wallace? ( 2.2.1-8 )
The oil rig leg experiment
Eratosthenes's well experiment
Measuring a meridional arc
The Bedford Level experiment
The big bang theory

D

24. Any particular star appears to advance its position against the sky's daily cycle by:( 2.1-4 )
One degree per day
365 degrees per decade
10 000 000 meters a year
One astrological sign a day
111 111m a month

A

25. The star around which the night sky appears to revolve is called:( 2.1-3 )
Astrolabe
Ptolemy
Pluto
Copernicus
Polaris

E

1. The three map transformations to be covered in this class are:( 3.2-3 )
RF, rods, and meters
generalization, abstraction and labeling
scale, projection and symbolization
English, American and Australian
globes, maps and charts

C

2. Cartographic scale is a function of:( 3.1-7 )
map resolution and extent
the shape of the area mapped
the width of the map to be made
how thin you can make lines on a map
how much ink you have available

A

3. What is a representative fraction?( 3.3-7 )
The map distance, divided by the ground distance in the same units
The map distance, divided by the ground distance in different units
The ground distance, divided by the map distance in the same units
The ground distance, multiplied by the map distance in the same units
The map distance divided by 100 000

A

4. The scale model of New York in the Queens museum is at 1:1 200. This means that:( 3.3-7 )
One meter corresponds to 12 meters
One meter corresponds to 120 meters
One inch corresponds to 1200 feet
One inch corresponds to 100 feet
One inch corresponds to one meter

D

5. What object is the maximum size that can be represented by a fine pencil dot at 1:24 000?( 3.3.1-4 )
A baseball
A beachball
A smart car
An amphibious landing craft
LaGuardia airport

C

6. If a measured length on a map is 10 millimeters, and the object on the ground is 100m long, what is the RF?( 3.3-7 )
1:1
1:1 000
1:10 000
1:1 000 000
1:5280

3

7. If the RF is 1:50 000, and the ground distance is 1km, what is the map distance?( 3.3.1-3 )
0.02 m
0.05 m
0.1 m
20 m
0.02 km

a

8. What is defined as: "A graduated line that indicates the length of miles or kilometers as they appear on a map; the line has the advantage of remaining true after the map is enlarged or reduced in reproduction. Also known as bar scale."( 3.4-2 )
A color chart
A map projection
A legend
A graticule
A graphic scale

e

9. Why is a graphic scale often graded differently to the left and right of the central zero point?( 3.3.3-1 )
Cartographers sometimes make mistakes
So that English and metric units can both be used
So that left and right handed people can use the map
So that large distances can be marked off first using the paper strip trick, and the remainder measured in more detail on the left.
The scale is usually printed in China.

e

10. What is the metric unit of length?( 3.5.1-2 )
the meter
the kilogram
the hectare
the acre
the decimeter

A

11. Which is a metric unit of area?( 3.5.1-3 )
the acre
the square toise
the fathom
the hectare
the ox plow

D

12. Metric units became legal for use in the United States in:( 3.5-2 )
1776
1866
1977
1492
They are not legal in the United States

B

13. The conversion of US mapping in 1983 associated with the new NAD83 datum:( 3.5-2 )
Converted grids from feet to meters
Maintained use of feet in thousands
Changed the size of the earth
Restored the rod, chain and furlong as the basis of US mapping
Led to street riots and rebellions

A

14. When you zoom in on a map:( 3.6.1-1 )
You see more features
You see more labels
You see more detailed features
You see less area
All of the above

E

15. An acre is( 3.5.2-10 )
One chain wide by ten chains long
One rod wide by ten chains long
Ten chains by ten chains
Ten rods by ten rods
A mile wide and an inch deep

A

16. The English units of the rod and the chain were standardized as 16.5 and 66 feet by:( 3.5.2-7 )
Edmund Gunter in 1620
The French Academy of Sciences
The US congress
Thomas Jefferson
Mr. Rodney Chain, in 1998

A

17. The meter was originally defined as:( 3.5.1-2 )
One yard and one hand
100th of a stone's throw
The distance between King Henry I's nose and the tip of his thumb
One ten millionth of the distance from the equator to the north pole, along the Paris meridian.
Half a perch

D

18. The version of the metric system we now use was standardized in 1960 and renamed:( 3.5.1-2 )
The International Earth Rotation Service
Imperial units
The International System of Units
The Unted Nations
MS60

C

19. Three ways of stating map scale are:( 3.3-1 )
A graphic scale, level of detail and datum
A graphic scale, a verbal statement, such as "one inch to a mile" and the RF
A graphic scale, a scale bar, and a meter
A graphic scale, the legend and the furlong
A verbal statement, a legend, and a foor

B

20. Zooming ends when:( 3.6.1-1 )
You reach the limits of the map's resolution
Features are 0.1mm across
The map extent is the same as the screen size
The level of detail is lowest
Zooming never ends

A

21. Which map scale is rarely used?( 3.4-1 )
1:10 000
1:63 360
1:50 000
1:1M
1:57 123

E

22. At the scale of 1:40M, a map of the earth would be how long at the equator?( 3.3-8 )
4 m
40 m
0.1 m
1 m
0.1 mm

D

23. What would you expect to be labeled on a world map at 1:5M?( 3.3-1 )
Every single stream
All of the worlds cities, towns, and villages
Only places starting with "H"
Major cities and rivers
Nothing could be labeled on such a map

D

24. What would you expect of a minor road on a map at 1:24 000?( 3.3.3-1 )
Minor roads could not be shown
It would be greatly simplified, perhaps as just one or two line segments
It would be colored blue
A great deal of detail would be shown, such as curves and angles
The symbol for the road would be the exact scaled width of the actual road

D

25. After the scale transformation, the earth is represented as:( 3.2-3 )
A map
A projection
A globe
A smart car
A model in Queens, New York

C

1. Why not use globes instead of maps?( 4.1.3-1 )
Globes are easy to store.
You can see all of a globe's surface at once.
Globes on an icosahedron can easily be unfolded flat.
Flat maps can be printed, stored and displayed on a computer with ease.
Globes are much cheaper than maps.

d

2. Which definition is that of a map projection?:( 4.2-2 )
Any method used in cartography to represent the two dimensional curved surface of the earth or other body on a plane
The inverse of the representative fraction
A conformal aspect
The transverse of the secant Mercator
The device invented by John Harrison

A

3. Which map projection statement is false?( 4.15-9 )
No flat map can be both equivalent and conformal
Conformal projections preserve local shape and direction
Equivalent projections preserve area
Map projection distortion can be seen at confluences on the graticule
Tissot's indicatrixes are always circles

E

4. What would you expect of a projection in which x depends only on longitude and y only on latitude?( 4.4-3 )
The graticule would form curves
The projection would be cylindrical
The projection would be transverse
It would be a Mollweide projection
The projection would be conic

B

5. Are all map projections distorted?( 4.5-1 )
No, because no flat map can be both equivalent and conformal
Only equatorial projections are distorted, secant projections are error free
Yes
No, because projections are based on mathematics
Most are distorted, some are just contorted

C

6. What is a graticule?( 4.6-2 )
The pattern of tiny circles drawn on a map projection
The line around the edge of the map, shaped by the gores and interruptions
The grid of parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude shown on the map
The grid of parallels of longitude and meridians of latitude shown on the map
A very small grat

C

7. If the graticule on a projected map has lines that meet at right angles:( 4.15-1 )
The projection is secant
The map has two standard parallels
The projection is equivalent
The projection is conformal
It is impossible for the graticule to meet at different angles

D

8. What is the Degree Confluence Project:( 4.7.1-1 )
A web site to promote us "all getting along"
An iPhone and Android App to give navigation directions
A lobbying group trying to revert to the Washington Meridian
A web site where people who have visited places where whole numbers of degrees of latitude and longitude meet can post pictures and stories
A conformal projection

D

9. Which is not one of the four hemispheres?( 4.8-2 )
Eastern hemisphere
Southern hemisphere
Western hemisphere
Northern hemisphere
Cerebral hemisphere

E

10. Slicing the earth (or an apple) along parallels of latitude divides the earth into?( 4.9-1 )
Unequal sized slices
Equal sized slices
Hemispheres
Meridians

A

11. John Harrison perfected the chronometer. This allowed the accurate measurement of longitude because:( 4.10-5 )
Of the 1884 International Meridian Conference
It created Greenwich mean time
Because the earth turns through 15 degree of longitude every hour
Because it made the lunar distance method possible
of the Harrison projection

C

12. Where is the Washington meridian?( 4.11-5 )
Paris, France
Greenwich, England
Seattle, Washington
Washington, D. C.
Along the equator

D

13. Which of these is the correct way to write a latitude and longitude position?( 4.12-2 )
38.8998339 -77.0463660
385359N 0770247W
N385359W0770247
38°53.98' N 77°02.78'W
All of these are correct

E

14. 14 Which of these was decided at the International Meridian Conference?( 4.14-5 )
That all maps are created equal
That longitude shall be counted in two directions up to 180 degrees, west longitude being plus and east longitude minus.
That longitude shall be counted in two directions up to 180 degrees, east longitude being plus and west longitude minus.
That latitude shall be counted in two directions up to 90 degrees, north latitude being plus and south latitude minus
That the conference supports the multiplicity of initial meridians

C

15. Which of these projection types preserves area?( 4.5-6 )
Transverse
Secant
Equivalent
Conformal
Equidistant

C

16. Which of these projection types preserves direction and shape locally?( 4.5-5 )
Transverse
Secant
Equivalent
Conformal
Equidistant

D

17. What is true of compromise projections?( 4.15-6 )
They preserve local direction and shape
They preserve area
They preserve both direction/shape and area
They preserve neither direction/shape nor area
They are cylindrical

D

18. What is an example of a map projection web mapping software program?( 4.16-2 )
Earthsqueeze
Flexizones
Flex Projector
Map Projector Plus
Coordinate Converter

C

19. On an equivalent projection:( 4.15-9 )
All the Tissot's indicatrix circles are circular
All of the Tissot's indicatrix circles are elliptical
All of the Tissot's indicatrix circles are different area
All of the Tissot's indicatrix circles are the same area
It is impossible to draw Tissot's indicatrix circles

D

20. On the equatorial aspect of Mercator's projection:( 4.18-3 )
Lines of any fixed compass bearing are straight
All parallels and meridians are straight lines
Local direction and shape is preserved
The poles cannot be shown
All of the above

E

21. Mercator's projection was and is most useful for( 4.17-2 )
Showing population statistics
Making historical maps
Navigation out of sight of land
Its equal spacing of parallels
Its unequal spacing of meridians

C

22. What is true of secant projections?( 4.19-1 )
They can be used for azimuthal, cylindrical or conic projections
They can be used for equatorial, oblique or transverse aspect
The projection surface cuts through the globe surface
If the line of secancy is a parallel, it is called a standard parallel
All of the above

E

23. Which projection has been optimized for covering the 50 United States?( 4.20-2 )
Lambert conformal conic
Winkel Tripel
Robinson
Mollweide
GS-50

E

24. The majority of projections used for mapping the United States are:( 4.20-5 )
Oblique
Conic
Tangent, not secant
Conformal
Equivalent

D

25. Why is it sometimes hard to tell what projection a map uses?( 4.21-4 )
The formula is too complicated
The graticule is hard to read
Because projections are usually named after their originators
Because the cartographer did not label with map with the name of the projection
Because of the defaults in FlexProjector

D

1. What is located at 51° 28' 38"N 0° 0' 0"E?( 5.4.1-4 )
Moscow, Idaho.
Greenwich, England.
Greenwich, Connecticut.
Hong Kong.
Nowhere, Oklahoma.

B

2. A system that allows locations on earth to be described by at least two numbers is called:( 5.4-2 )
A map projection.
An ellipsoid.
A land partitioning system.
A coordinate system.
Zip plus four.

D

3. Why are place names not completely adequate for describing locations?( 5.1-2 )
They depend on language
They are not unique
They vary over time
There are many places with the same name
All of the above

E

4. Where do we absolutely need coordinates?( 5.2.2-1 )
Where there are no landmarks
Where all landmarks are the same as each other
Where landmarks have been removed or destroyed
When you are lost
All of the above

E

5. Why does the location of a place, such as Denver, Colorado, vary?( 5.2.1-1 )
Because different sources give different locations
Because different sources at different coordinate resolutions are all in the same place
Because continental drift moves the buildings
They have to, by Act of Congress
Because the "real" Denver is in Ohio, not Colorado.

A

6. Which statement is false?( 5.3.1-1 )
Relative positioning systems use references to other places
Regardless of which Paris, the airport is in grid cell E8
Standardized grids use absolute coordinates and specific or false origins
Most grids are adjusted so that eastings (x) and northings (y) are positive
All coordinates are relative

B

7. Grid systems use projections because:( 5.4.1-2 )
Geographic coordinates are based on angles, not distances
They need to minimize or account for error due to the earth's curvature
They need to be tied to a specific datum
The earth is not flat
All of the above

E

8. Using geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude) is insufficient for grids because:( 5.4.1-2 )
You get different locations depending on the choice of ellipsoid
Geographic coordinates are angles at the center of the earth, not distances
The length of a degree of longitude depends on its latitude
Geographic coordinates work for the sphere and ellipsoid, not a flat plane
All of the above

E

9. Tiny, Virginia is at 17SLB8986407347. This coordinate resolves to what resolution on the ground?( 5.6-7 )
1mm
1cm
1m
10m
100m
10. Which of these is the coordinate for Nowhere, Oklahoma in Civilian UTM coordinates?( 5.5.1-1 )
14SND5080090837
202621 559709 OK S NAD83

C

10. Which of these is the coordinate for Nowhere, Oklahoma in Civilian UTM coordinates?( 5.5.1-1 )
14SND5080090837
202621 559709 OK S NAD83
550800mE 3890837mN 14N
YZG8054562827
14SND5080090837 (NAD83)

C

11. Which of these is the coordinate for Nowhere, Oklahoma in Military Grid coordinates?( 5.5.2-1 )
14SND5080090837
202621 559709 OK S NAD83
550800mE 3890837mN 14N
YZG8054562827
14SND5080090837 (NAD83)

A

12. Which of these is the coordinate for Nowhere, Oklahoma in US National Grid coordinates?( 5.5.4-5 )
14SND5080090837
202621 559709 OK S NAD83
550800mE 3890837mN 14N
YZG8054562827
14SND5080090837 (NAD83)

E

13. Which of these is the coordinate for Nowhere, Oklahoma in State Plane coordinates?( 5.5.3-1 )
14SND5080090837
202621 559709 OK S NAD83
550800mE 3890837mN 14N
YZG8054562827
14SND5080090837 (NAD83)

B

14. Which of these coordinates is NOT either the North or South Pole?( 5.5.2.1-1 )
AZM9999999999
YZG8054562827
YZG9999999999
2 000 000mE 2 000 000mN Zone NP
2 000 000mE 2 000 000mN Zone SP

B

15. Which of these is NOT true about the US National grid?( 5.5.4-5 )
It was adopted in 2004
It provides a grid reference system that is seamless across jurisdictional boundaries
It applies to the whole planet
It is the foundation for a universal map index
It supports use in the Global Positioning System and is useful in Web map portals

C

16. What is the name of the current National grid system in Australia?( 5.5.4-10 )
Australian National grid system
Map Grid of Australia
Wallaby Grid System of 1996 (WGS96)
State Plane Coordinate System
MGRS

B

17. What is the correct difference between the US National Grid and the Military Grid system?( 5.5.4-6 )
USNG uses different numbering for the UTM zones.
MGRS uses different letters for the 100,000m grid cells.
MGRS is based on the equivalent 6 x 8 degree cells.
MGRS uses NAD27, USNG uses WGS84
USNG uses NAD83, not WGS84

E

18. Which statement about UTM is true?( 5.5.1-1 )
The earth is divided into 120 zones.
Zones are numbered west to east, starting at the prime meridian.
Each zone is drawn on an equatorial Mercator projection, centered on the central meridian.
Eastings in zones are in meters with the central meridian set at 500,000.
The system only can resolve locations within 100m.

D

19. Which statement is true about the State Plane Coordinate System?( 5.5.3-1 )
Projections used are the oblique and transverse Mercator, plus the Lambert conformal conic
It is based on feet, with artificial grid origins 500,000 feet west of the central meridian
It covers the United States, Great Britain, and Australia.
It covers the whole world
It divides the nation into 110 zones, using their grid cell designators from UTM

A

20. A letter/number designator in the MGRS, such as 16TDM, references a cell that is how big on a side?( 5.5.2-13 )
100m
1000m
10,000m
100,000m
1,000,000m

D

21. How many numbered UTM zones are there?( 5.5.1-5 )
12
2 end zones, 20 main zones
60
110
111,111

C

22. The approximate length of a degree at the equator and the earth's circumference are:( 5.6-3 )
100,000m; 40,000km
500,000m; 93 million miles
250,000m; 1,000,000 km
111,111m; 40,000,000m
360 degrees; 24 hours

D

23. When using letters for 6 x 8 degree grid cell designators, and for 100,000 grid cells in MGRS and the US National grid, what letters are excluded?( 5.5.2-7 )
A, E, I, O, U
G, R, I, D
A, B, Y, Z
I, O
N and S

D

24. What is at 16TDM4037436640?( 5.5.2-17 )
West Garfield Park, Chicago
Nowhere, Oklahoma
the North Pole
Paris, France
Honolulu, Hawaii

A

25. Which is FALSE about the State Plane coordinate system?( 5.5.3-1 )
It is used in surveying, land ownership records and engineering.
Before 1983 it used thousands of feet and NAD27, but since then meters and NAD84
In 1983, many states changes their origins, and some their zones and projections
It covers the USA in 110 zones
Only the panhandle of Texas uses the oblique Mercator projection, all others use the transverse Mercator and Lambert conformal conic.

E

1. What impact does land partitioning have on the landscape?( 6.1-7 )
It determines the shape of fields
It assigns people to police, fire, school and voting districts
It can lead to long straight roads
It impacts land ownership, property inheritance and taxation
All of the above

E

2. Grids and coordinate systems refer only to points and squares. What do land partitioning systems refer to?( 6.1-2 )
Points
Lines
Areas, polygons and parcels
Topography
The earth's core

C

3. Land partitioning systems assign what to each land parcel?( 6.1-7 )
A price
A height
A township
A dominion
A label (or code)

E

4. The surveyors who measured fields after the Nile floods in Egypt thousands of years ago were called:( 6.2-3 )
Gunter's People
Pharaohs
Nileometers
Rope stretchers
Tomb robbers

D

5. The instrument Romans used to lay out towns, roads and fields that measured right angles was called the:( 6.2-4 )
Ruler
Gunter's chain
Plumb bob
Gromon
Triangle

D

6. The Roman land partitioning system that allocated fields of 20 x 20 actus was called:( 6.2-5 )
Centuriation
Dominionation
Pax Romanus
The Public Land Survey System
Metes and Bounds

A

7. Remnants of centuriation, called "hundreds" in England, made their way to the US in which state?( 6.2-7 )
Kansas
Delaware
Hawaii
Nebraska
North Dakota

B

8. The metes and bounds system was used to partition which parts of the US?( 6.3-2 )
the Mid-west
California, Oregon and Washington
Only New England
The 13 original colonies
The rust belt

D

9. Metes and Bounds were also used to partition:( 6.3-8 )
French long lots and Spanish/Mexican land grants
The Wind River district in Wyoming
Ohio's seven ranges
Illinois
Western Canada

A

10. The US Public Land Survey System used what units for length and area?( 6.3-6 )
Meters and hectares
Feet and furlongs
Poles and Actus
Chains, miles and acres
Stones, pounds and kilograms

D

11. What is now Ohio was originally claimed by what state as its "Western Reserve"?( 6.4.1-8 )
Vermont
Virginia
Texas
New York
Connecticut

E

12. Who sent Thomas Hutchins to Ohio to start the Public Land Survey?( 6.4.1-5 )
John Hancock
George Washington
Thomas Jefferson
Richard Nixon
None of these

C

13. Hutchins alerted the president to what fact?( 6.4.1-5 )
Ohio is a swing state
They needed rods marked in meters
The job would be done in two weeks
The survey would have to compensate for the curvature of the earth
Help was hard to find out there

D

14. What can be found in East Liverpool, Ohio at 17TNE4066799180?( 6.4.1-6 )
Thomas Hutchins grave
the Western Reserve
The Fire Lands of Connecticut
The point of beginning of the US Public Land Surveys
The prime meridian

D

15. President Jefferson wanted states to be about:( 6.4.2-2 )
640 acres
5° of longitude by 5° of latitude
4° of longitude by 7° of latitude
4° of latitude by 7° of longitude
36 square miles

D

16. Which statement is correct for the USPLSS?( 6.4.2-2 )
The baseline stretched east-west, and the principal meridian north-south from the principal point
The baseline stretched north-south, and the principal meridian east-west from the principal point
The baseline and the principal meridian met at 45 degrees
The baseline was always kept fixed
The geographers line always was more important than the base line

A

17. How many sections are there in a Township?( 6.4.2-14 )
1
16
36
100
64

C

18. Correction for the earth's curvature was made by:( 6.4.2-8 )
Remarking the principal meridian every 24 miles (2 sections) along the base line.
Estimation
Making every 24th Township a hexagon instead of a square
Making the squares longer and thinner as they got further north and south
Remarking the base line every 24 miles (4 sections) along the Principal meridian.

E

19. The revenue from Section 16 in each township was set aside for:( 6.4.2-8 )
Road construction
To subsidise the growing of corn and wheat
The sheriff of the County
Public education
A rainy day

D

20. On USGS 1:24,000 topographic map, section lines and numbers are shown in:( 6.4.2-11 )
Black
Blue
Red
Green
Pink

C

21. Which is a legitimate Township and Range description:( 6.4.2-13 )
14SMG8644387036
NE1/2SW1/2 Section 37, Township 2N Range 3E, 5th Principal Meridian
NE1/4SW1/4 Section 5, Township 2W Range 5S, 7th Principal Meridian
NE1/4SE1/4) of Section 35, Township 25S Range 17W, 6th Principal Meridian
All of the above

D

22. The Canadian Dominion Land Survey differs in which of the following ways from the USPLSS?( 6.5-2 )
Townships are given arabic numerals, Ranges Roman.
The section numbers start in the lower right, instead of the upper right
It covers western Canada, rather than the US
A subdivision of a section into 16 parts is possible, called a Legal Sub-Division
All of the above

E

23. Other examples of land partitioning are:( 6.6-1 )
Cadastral or land ownership maps
Voting districts
Counties
School districts
All of the above

E

24. Congressional districts are a land partitioning such that:( 6.6-6 )
Each state has the same number
All political parties get equal land area
Each state gets at least one, but otherwise all contain equal numbers of voters
The boundaries follow major rivers
Red and blue states alternate across the map

C

25. An example of a perceptual region is:( 6.7-1 )
A street gang's territory
A congressional district
A USPLSS township
A school district
A Municipio

A

1. A map is:( 7.1-2 )
A scaled model of all or part of the earth's surface
Features are converted to symbols
Involves simplification
Is very critical for spatial reasoning
All of the above

E

2. Making measurements from maps is called:( 7.1-4 )
Mapology
Cartography
Cartosophy
Cartology
Cartometry

E

3. Which is the third and last cartographic transformation?( 7.1-5 )
The scale transformation
The projection transformation
The choice of coordinate system
Convert features to symbols
Printing the map on paper

D

4. Which of these is a map legend?( 7.2-2 )
The black line framing a map
A matched set of symbols with descriptive text
The graphic scale and the text surrounding it
The story of how the map was made
The world's most famous map

B

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