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exam review. enjoy !

conflict

is the dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no plot.

internal conflict

the character wrestles with himself or herself.

external conflict

the conflict is between a character and some outside person or force.

exposition

the start of the story; the situation before the action starts.

rising action

the series of conflict and crisis in the story that leads to the climax.

climax

the turning point; the most intense moment-either mentally or in action.

falling action

all of the action which fallows the climax.

resolution

the conclusion; the tying together of all of the threads.

character

a person or other figure that is part of a story.

ourselves

by reading about the character's struggles, we often learn something about.......

direct characterization

the writer tells readers directly what a character is like.

indirect characterization

the writer reveals characters' traits through: appearance, dialogue, private thoughts, effects on others, actions.

appearance

the way writers describe characters' __________: physical features, clothing, and general demeanor- provides insight into their personalities.

dialogue

reveals a lot about characters. Pay attention to what characters say and how they say it.

private thoughts

reveals what characters think, feel, want, or fear.

actions

characters- what they do and how they do it. Tells a great deal about them.

effects on others

the _______ a character has on others also helps readers understand what the character is like.

inference

coming to a conclusion based on context clues.

personification

when an author gives un human like characteristics to think, feel, and be.

setting

the time and place of the story. Provides a place where the characters can live and act.

setting includes

location of a story, peoples customs- how they live, dress, eat, and behave.

examples of setting

weather,time of day, time period (past, present, future)

imagery

Writers carefully select images and details to create a setting that draws us into the story.

examples of imagery

sight, taste, sound, touch, smell.

mood

atmosphere ;Effects the way we feel about the characters.

tone

attitude toward a subject or object.

narrator

the person telling the story
; controles everything you know about the characters and events.

point of view

the vantage point from which the story is told.

third person omniscient

narrator is NOT a character in the story: knows all; can tell us everything about every character.

first person point of view

narrator IS a character in the story; uses first person pronouns such as I and me; tells us only what he/she thinks and experiences. called a persona.

Joseph

17 years old
Naive or Arrogant?
Hated by his brothers, but adored by Jacob, his father
Prophetic Dreamer
Living under God's promise to Abraham

Becomes Egypt's #2 man in charge

Jacob

Named "Israel" by God
Grandson of Abraham, Son of Isaac
Has 12 sons, but Joseph is his favorite

Reuben

Saves Joseph's life by convincing the brothers to throw him in a well instead of killing him

Canaan

Land promised to Abraham
Home to Jacob and his sons

Dreams

Joseph's
show his brothers bowing down to him

Dream 1: 11 sheaves of grain bowing down to 1
Dream 2: the sun, moon, and stars bow down to him

Symbolism

A device in literature where an object represents an idea.

Example: the covenant walk through animal carcasses; Joseph's dreams

Joseph's Brothers

Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin

Musical

a play or film whose action and dialogue consists of singing and dancing

Butler

In jail with Joseph
Joseph interpreted his dream that he would one day be let out of jail

Also known as the cupbearer- very trusted by a king

Baker

In jail with Joseph
Joseph interpreted his dream that Pharaoh would execute him

Pharaoh (Joseph Story)

Needed someone to interpret his dreams

Dream 1: 7 Skinny Cows Eat 7 Fat Cows
Dream 2: 7 Thin heads of grain swallowed 7 healthy heads of grain

Egypt

Place where Joseph was taken after being sold into slavery

Golden Cup

Hidden in Benjamin's sack by Joseph

Theme

Theme—the central idea, or insight, about life or human behavior that a story reveals
A theme is always a statement, not a subject.

What are some of the themes in Joseph?

Idiom

A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words

Example: A lifetime in prison seemed quite in the cards (for Joseph)

Abraham

Originally named Abram
Hometown: Ur
Married to Sarai
son of Terah and uncle to Lot
Told by God to move his family and possessions to a land that God would show him
Lied to Pharaoh and didn't trust God in the process

Sarah

Originally named Sarai
married to Abram and mother of Isaac
Barren- could not have children
Lied to God about laughing at his promise of a son
Laughed with joy at the birth of Isaac

Terah

The father of Abram

God

Instructed Abram to leave Ur without telling him where he was going
Made 7 promises to Abram
Required Abram to trust him

Haran

Abram's first stop
Terah dies here at 205 years old

Canaan

Abram's second stop
Abram makes an altar here and worships God publicly

Egypt

Abram's third stop
Abram lies about Sarai being his sister to protect himself rather than trusting God

Pharaoh (Abraham Story)

ruler of Ancient Egypt
Takes Sarai to be his wife before he knows that she is actually Abram's wife

Ur

Abram's hometown
In Mesopotamia and Sumer
Polytheistic

Characterization

the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character

Nation

a community of people that shares territory

Altar

Any raised place or structure on which sacrifices may be offered

Covenant

1) a usually formal, solemn, and binding agreement

2) a written agreement or promise usually under seal between two or more parties especially for the performance of some action

Example: God's covenant with Abraham

Hyperbole

Extreme exaggeration

Example: God telling Abram his offspring will outnumber the stars

Stars/Descendants

God promised Abram that his descendants would be innumerable

Righteous

Free from guilt or sin;
Genesis 15:6 "Abram believed the Lord, and he credited it to him as righteousness."

heir

a person who inherits some title or possesion

Abram's Reward

God

Foreshadowing

the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot

25

The number of years between God telling Abraham that he would have a son and Isaac's birth

Isaac

Son of Abraham and Sarah;
name means "Laughter"

Laughter

1) Abraham and Sarah's response of DOUBT to God promising them a child at the ages of 99 and 89.
2) Abraham and Sarah's response of JOY to the birth of Isaac
3) the meaning of Isaac's name

Domain

territory over which rule or control is exercised

Example: Your bedroom

Dominion

authority; rule; area of influence

Simile

a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')

Backstory

A story providing a history or background context, especially for a character situation in a literary work, film, dramatic series

Flashback

When a character tellls about something that happened in the past

Theme

the idea on which the story is built. main idea or lesson that the character learns. central idea, insight about life.

subject vs theme

Subject: the topic. single word Theme central idea.

Moses first 40 years

Spent two years with real mother
Raised in luxurary of Egyptian palace.
Adoped by Pharaoh's daughter.
highly educated
Angereissues
Misguided idea of leadership.

Middle 40 years

Moses marries Zippora and works for Jethtro\
He rescues Jethro's daughter's from bulling sheperds at the well.
Shepered spends long days in the fields.
bitter humiliation in his fall from royalty

Last 40 years

GOD calls Moses back to Egypt!

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