Americans had the right to expand their landholdings and extend their way of life from the Atlantic to the Pacific; took over the U.S. after the War of 1812 as settlers moved into new territories and roads and canals were constructed across the land
t/f: The southern states were the only states that threatened nullification of a congressional action.
The Missouri Compromise of 1820 maintained the political balance between what two groups?
slave states and free states
decision that forbade slavery forever in the Louisiana Purchase north of the 36° 30' parallel; proposed by Henry Clay
The "American System"
proposed by Henry Clay; plan to gain prosperity for the nation through a protective tariff
Why did southern planters object to the protective tariff of 1816?
because it increased the cost of manufactured goods
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
resulted in an agreement on the border between the United States and Mexico
advocate of popular sovereignty; explained that slavery could only exist if the state legislature passed laws protecting slave property and could, therefore, curtail slavery without banning it outright
attacked federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry; planned to lead an army of slaves; became a martyr after this incidence
dispute over the Oregon boundary
between United States and Great Britain; people urged Americans to fight for the north boundary of Oregon at the 54-40 latitude line
t/f: The special condition Mexico stipulated for settlers in its territory was loyalty to the American government.
led to the 1850 Compromise; slavery could never exist in any territory newly acquired by the United States from Mexico
Stephen Douglas; slavery could be excluded from a territory if the officials did not pass laws to protect it (aka popular sovereignty)
factors that caused New England ship owners to start spinning mills
power from waterfalls; available cotton; Embargo Act; available labor
doctrine first introduced by Jefferson and Madison in 1798; reintroduced by Calhoun and Hayne in 1928
3 components of the Missouri Compromise
admit Missouri as a slave state; admit Maine as a free state; forbid slavery north of the 36-30 in the Louisiana Purchase
James Tallmadge; slavery was forbidden in the new state of Missouri; children of slaves would be free when they reached 25 years of age
t/f: Sam Houston accepted Mexico's offer of land in Texas and led settlers into the state to begin a new life.
What was required of people who wanted to settle in Texas before the Mexican Revolution?
they had to declare they would become loyal Spanish subjects
Why was the addition of California so desirable?
because it contained two of three natural ports on the Pacific coast; a rich, fertile central valley and a moderate, year-round climate
t/f: The conflict over the disputed territory between Texas and Mexico was because Texas claimed all the land leading up to the Rio Grande river, and the Mexican government claimed all the land leading up to the Nueces River.
Henry Clay, U.S. senator from Kentucky; South's main concession to the North was the acceptance of popular sovereignty in the New Mexico and Utah territories
named earned by the Kansas territory because the bitter confrontations over the issue of slavery
attacked by Representative Brook after his speech in favor of the free-soil constitution in Kansas
claimed that a divided nation could not stand; his view was that the nation would eventually be either completely free or completely slave; did not imply interference with the status of slavery but opposed the extension of slavery
t/f: In areas where crops were most abundant, slave labor was cheaper, and because slaves were easily replaced, they were often treated very poorly.
John Quincy Adams
defended the revolt led by Joseph Cinque with the argument that every human has the inherent right to freedom
5 areas black were encouraged to immigrate to
Canada, Haiti, Mexico, South America, the Western Frontier
t/f: During the Antebellum period, the slave relocation movement was a huge success. Freedmen were happy to leave America for a fresh start.
6 leaders of the abolitionist movement
William Lloyd Garrison, Theodore Weld, Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Rush
t/f: It was estimated that 50,000 slaves escaped by the underground railroad between 1830 and 1860.