ental process whereby the mind comes to have cognition of the universal that is present in the particular (according to the Aristotelians).
the faculty of prioi truth under our control, this is the faculty of reason by means of which we come to know necessary truth indepedantly of our sense experience of particulars
universals, genera, and species are not entities in their own right, they are mere words, mental constructs, you cannot take the form out of the particular, after you bake a chocolate cake, you cannot take the chocolate out, its not longer a part of the cake, it is now a constitute.
the intention of truth is ground in the _______, there are two kinds; the universal species existing within the soul, through which the soul, through which the soul acquires a cognition of all the individuals it stands for. And divine art containing the ideal formulations of all things.
mere words (puffs of the voice) a view of the anti- realist
a collection of subalternate species
it is the difference btw the greek idea and logos; forms are ultimate explanations, hence eternal and uncreated, if they are uncreated (for augustine), they must have their existance in the mind of god, ___________ from god is necessary for us to grasp these truths
principle of individuation for things that are not material entities
are these essential features of some being (res) that are internal to its being what it is, there are four basic _______ being, one, true, good
"S is P" and "S" of "P"; subject term includes everything that counts as the linguistic subject of the sentence; "Socrates is human" the subject is just "Socrates", but in "The silly student had many questions" the subject is "the silly student"
his is the view that there are no such things as numbers, or universals, or whatever sort of alleged abstract objects are under discussion. Thus, for instance, a nominalist about properties would say that while there are such things as red balls and red houses, there is no such thing as the property of redness, over and above the red balls and red houses. And a nominalist about numbers would say that while there are such things as piles of three stones, and perhaps "3-ideas" existing in people's heads, there is no such thing as the number 3. roscelin of compiegn- universals are flatus vocies; peter abelard universals are sermones
claims that the universal is an act of understanding, a view John claims is supported by Cicero, Boethius, and most importantly, by Aristotle, we understand the meanings because of the words
An existing non-mental entity that is correlated with a mental entity
S is P and P of S; Humans are Animals, and some animals are humans
am individual entity of a certain kind (there may or may not be other individuals of the same kind), Natasha is a _________ kind of human being.
potentially what the object of knowledge is actually, it operates automatically; the faculty of the reason that aprehends the universals present in partoculars.
universals, genera , and species are entities in their own right, they are immanent, and transcendent;
peter abelard's theory, universals are sermones, in the way that they are a conversation, set of words, and have cognitive content
a unique entity- sui genesis (NO other individual of the same kind COULD exist), only one god.
a collection of individuals (or sub species) of the same kinda, Homo sapiens
there is a sense in which a natural species is not a pure form, the species will require a specific sort of matter, matter is in one sense a principal of individuation