US History ch 26

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In response to President Franklin Roosevelt's first days in office, the American people

felt a mixture of relief and hope

In 1933, two days after he took office, President Franklin Roosevelt

closed all banks

The Economy Act of 1933

proposed to balance the federal budget and cut government workers' salaries

The Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 established

the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

In 1933, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

protected the assets of small bank depositors

To oversee activities in the stock market, in 1934, Congress established the

Securities and Exchange Commission

The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933

sought to raise crop prices by paying farmers not to plant.)

The Agricultural Adjustment Act

was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court

The New Deal program which had the broadest effect on the lives of rural Americans was the

Rural Electrification Administration

The National Recovery Administration of 1933 did all of the following EXCEPT

increased competition between companies

During the first year of the National Recovery Act

both A and B

The Tennessee Valley Authority of 1933

an experiment in regional planning by the federal government

All of the following occurred as a result of the Tennessee Valley Authority EXCEPT

poverty in the region was significantly reduced

During its first year, the Civil Works Administration

put four million people to work

The Civilian Conservation Corps

put the unemployed to work on rural and wilderness areas

In 1934, strong criticism of the New Deal came from

both A and B

In 1934, the American Liberty League was formed

by wealthy conservatives who strongly opposed the New Deal

In 1934, Dr. Francis Townsend attracted widespread national support for a plan that

was helped pave the way for the Social Security system

Much of Father Charles Coughlin's outspoken criticism of the Roosevelt administration revolved around the issue of

changing the banking and currency system

In 1935, Senator Huey Long

had a strong record of progressive accomplishments

The "Second New Deal" was launched in response to

both A and B

All of the following programs were part of the "Second New Deal" EXCEPT

Federal Emergency Relief Administration

During the "Second New Deal," President Franklin Roosevelt

increased his criticism of corporations

The National Labor Relations Act of 1935

gave the government the authority to force employers to accept labor unions

In the 1930s, industrial unionism was

was greatly strengthened by New Deal legislation

In the 1930s, the trade union movement

was grew more militant and powerful

In the 1930s, the Congress of Industrial Organization

grew out of a dispute within the American Federation of Labor

During the 1930s, the sit-down strike

was a new and controversial labor tactic

During the 1937 sit-down strike of General Motors, the federal government

refused to intervene in the dispute

In 1937, in regards to the organizing of industrial labor,

the great majority of strikes were settled in favor of the unions

The Social Security Act of 1935

did not begin making payments to participants for years

The Works Progress Administration of 1935

was much larger than previous programs of its kind

The Works Progress Administration provided federal assistance to

both A and B

In the 1930s, the New Deal generally gave

work relief to men and cash assistance to women

The election of 1936

produced a new and enduring coalition of voters for the Democratic Party

All of the following groups were part of the New Deal political coalition EXCEPT

big business owners

In 1937, President Franklin Roosevelt's call to expand the Supreme Court came from

his desire to change the ideological balance of the Court

President Franklin Roosevelt's proposal to expand the Supreme Court

was eventually defeated in Congress

In 1937, President Franklin Roosevelt decided

that he should try to balance the federal budget

During the recession of 1937

the economy was as bad as during the worst period of the Hoover administration

The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938

established a national minimum wage

By the end of 1938

the New Deal had largely come to an end

Under the New Deal, African Americans

received more sympathy than under most previous administrations

The most influential advocate for African Americans in the Roosevelt Administration was

Eleanor Roosevelt

African Americans employed by New Deal relief programs

were among the first to be released when funds ran out

New Deal policy toward American Indians

was grounded in a commitment to cultural relativism

John Collier is to be associated with New Deal

Indian policies

Frances Perkins, the first female cabinet member in American history, was secretary of

labor

All of the following statements regarding the New Deal and women are true EXCEPT

in general, women were major critics of the New Deal

In the American West, New Deal programs

disproportionately benefited the region in funding

One of the major effects the New Deal had on the United States was the creation of

stronger and more varied interest groups

One long-term consequence of the New Deal was

the national government assumed a responsibility for the basic welfare of the people

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