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In World War II, the main American strategy to fight Japan was to

create two offensive campaigns to attack the Japanese from two directions

In World War II, one of the primary American commanders in the Pacific was

Chester Nimitz

The Battle of the Coral Sea in 1942

marked the first important victory by the United States against Japan

The Battle of Midway in 1942

both A and B

After 1943, the United States advanced on Japan primarily with the aid of forces from

Australia and New Zealand

During World War II, the United States Army chief of staff was

George Marshall

In 1943, the country that pressed for an immediate Allied invasion of France against Germany was

Soviet Union

In 1942-1943, the British and American war effort against the Nazis concentrated on

fighting in North Africa

In 1942, the North African campaign against the Nazis saw

the Americans successfully regroup from a defeat at Kasserine Pass

In 1943, at the Casablanca Conference, the Allies decided they would next invade

Sicily

During World War II, the first Axis country to be defeated was

Italy

The Allied decisions that delayed an invasion of France left the Soviet Union

both A and B

The United States government acquired definite knowledge of the Holocaust

during the first years of the war

During World War II, Allied bombers targeted

neither A nor B

In regards to European Jewish refugees, between 1939 and 1945, the United States

refused to accept large numbers of refugees

Between 1939 and 1945, the federal budget of the United States

rose ten-fold

During World War II, the regional impact of government spending was the greatest in the

West

During World War II, the labor force of the United States

saw fifteen million people leave civilian labor for the armed forces

During World War II, organized labor in the United States

automatic union memberships for new defense plant workers

Throughout World War II, in organized American labor

"wildcat" strikes were quite common

The Smith-Connally Act of 1943

both A and B

Over the course of World War II, inflation in the United States

was much less serious a problem than during World War I

In 1943, to simplify tax collections, Congress enacted

automatic payroll deductions

During World War II, the War Production Board

favored large over small contractors

During World War II, the National Defense Research Committee

was headed by a scientist who was a pioneer in the development of the computer

During World War II, the effectiveness of German U-boats was ended by the development of

both A and B

During World War II, Germany held the technological edge over the Allies in

rocket-propelled bombs

During World War II, the Allied development of Gee navigation system

used electronic pulses to plot course location

During World War II, all of the following were Allied advances in intelligence-gathering EXCEPT the

creation of the Enigma machine for coded communications

During World War II, the Fair Employment Practices Commission was created

by President Roosevelt to stop black protesters from marching on the capital

During World War II, the United States military

began to relax its practices of racial segregation

During World War II, American Indians

saw the war effort undermine efforts to revitalize tribal traditions

In 1942, the United States and Mexico agreed to the bracero program which

admitted contract Mexican contract laborers into the United States for a limited time

In 1943, the "zoot-suit riots" in Los Angeles

led the city to prohibit the wearing of zoot suits

In 1942, when the United States interned Japanese Americans in "relocation centers"

there was no evidence that the Japanese Americans were a domestic security risk

All of the following statements regarding the internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II are true EXCEPT

the United States government has always defended its actions

During World War II, Chinese Americans

both A and B

During World War II, American women who worked outside the home

tended to be older than women who worked in the past

During World War II, in the United States, all of the following societal events experienced a rise in their rate of occurrence EXCEPT

high school enrollment

During World War II, American shoppers

both A and B

In the 1940s, swing music

was a new form of jazz

During World War II, the United States military services

tolerated illicit heterosexual relationships

During World War II, Congress abolished the

both A and B

A significant issue in the 1944 election was

the domestic economy

In the 1944 elections

Democrats increased their control of the Congress

All of the following statements regarding the Allied invasion of France in June 1944 are true EXCEPT

landing was made across the narrowest part of the English Channel

In August 1944, the Allies liberated from German occupation the city of

Paris

In February 1945, an Allied bombing attack on Dresden, Germany

both A and B

The Battle of the Bulge

both A and B

In April 1945, American and British forces halted their advance on Germany at the Elbe River

at the announcement that President Franklin Roosevelt had died

In February 1944, American naval forces won a series of victories in the Marshall Islands under the command of

Joseph Stilwell

The 1944 Battle of Leyte Gulf

the largest naval engagement in history

The 1945 Battle of Iwo Jima

was the costliest in the history of the United States Marines

In mid-1945, evidence of Japan's desperation to continue the war included

both A and B

In 1939, the first steps toward the creation of an atomic bomb were taken by

Nazi Germany

All of the following statements regarding the Allied development of an atomic bomb during World War II are true EXCEPT

Albert Einstein was in charge of the program

In 1945, the first atomic explosion in history took place in

Alamogordo, New Mexico

Prior to ordering the use of an atomic bomb against Japan, President Harry Truman

issued an ultimatum to Japan to surrender or face utter devastation

In August 1945, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan because

Japanese did not surrender after the first bomb was dropped

In 1945, the Japanese surrender to the United States

both A and B

Casualties in World War II

both A and B

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