english: poetry terms

20 terms by pmelnick

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alliteration

repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words in a line of poetry

assonance

repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in a line of poetry

onomatopoeia

words whose pronunciation is the sound they describe

simile

a comparison of two unlike things using like or as

metaphor

a direct comparison of two unlike things

personification

when a non-human thing is given human characteristics

allusion

a reference in one piece of literature to religion, history, mythology, etc.

imagery

language that appeals to one of the five sentences

stanza

a group of lines in a poem

tone

the emotional quality of a poem or other piece of writing

diction

the particular words a poet chooses

speaker

the person speaking in a poem, not to be confused with the poet

hyperbole

extreme exaggeration

lyric poem

poetry that does not tell a story but is aimed only expressing a speaker's emotions or thoughts

ballad

song that tells a story

oxymoron

two opposite words put together

meter

the rhythm in a line of poetry

rhyme scheme

the pattern of rhyme of the ends of lines in a poem

internal rhyme

rhyme within one line of poetry, end rhymes

enjambment

is the breaking of a syntactic unit (a phrase, clause, or sentence) by the end of a line or between two verses, it is to be concentrated with end-stopping, where each linguistic unit corresponds with a single line, and caesura, in which the linguistic unit ends mid-line

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