US History ch29

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In 1945, Joseph Stalin's vision of a postwar world in which great powers would control strategic areas of interest was largely shared by

Winston Churchill

In early 1943, at the Casablanca Conference

Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt agreed the Axis powers must surrender unconditionally

In late 1943, at the Teheran Conference

Roosevelt and Stalin established a cordial personal relationship

In early 1945, at the Yalta Conference

it was agreed the Soviet Union should regain land lost in the 1904 Russo-Japanese War

In designing the structure of the new United Nations, planners called for

each nation on the Security Council to have veto power over the others

In 1945, when the United States Senate considered the proposed United Nations, it

quickly ratified the agreement by a large majority

At the conclusion of the Yalta Conference in 1945, basic disagreements remained on

all of the above

All of the following statements regarding the "occupation zones" of Germany in 1945 are true EXCEPT

all of Berlin was to be placed within the Soviet Union's zone

Between the Yalta Conference and his death, President Franklin Roosevelt

was concerned that Joseph Stalin was not going to fulfill conference agreements

In 1945, when Harry Truman became president he

had almost no familiarity with foreign affairs

President Harry Truman initially decided to "get tough" with the Soviet Union

after his first few days in office

In 1945, President Harry Truman conceded to communist authority in

Poland

By 1945, the Chinese government of Chiang Kai-shek had

little popular support

In the years immediately following World War II, the United States policy toward Asia saw

the Truman administration encourage the rapid economic growth of Japan

Beginning in 1947, the United States' policy of "containment" was

the basis for its foreign policy for more than thirty years

In 1947, the Truman Doctrine

both A and B

In 1947, the United States was motivated to develop the Marshall Plan due to

both A and B

Between 1947-1950, Marshall Plan aid

was offered to the Soviet Union

The National Security Act of 1947 created the

all of the above

In 1948, the Soviet Union's blockade of West Berlin was primarily a response to

the creation of a unified West Germany

In 1948, President Harry Truman responded to the Soviet blockade of West Berlin by

airlifting supplies to West Berlin

In 1949, the North Atlantic Treat Organization

declared that an attack on one member nation was an attack on all

In the last months of 1949, events in the Soviet Union and China included

both A and B

The 1950 National Security Council report known as NSC-68 stated

the United States must resist communism regardless of where it developed in the world

The Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944

gave housing and education subsidies to veterans

During 1946-1947, the American economy

was plagued by serious inflation

Following World War II, the great majority of working American women

wanted to keep working

President Harry Truman's Fair Deal called for

the creation of national health insurance

The 1946 elections

saw Republicans win control of both houses of Congress

The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947

permitted the "union shop."

President Harry Truman responded to the 1946 election results by

proposing a major civil rights bill

In 1948, the Americans for Democratic Action

tried to draft Dwight Eisenhower for president

In the 1948 presidential election

neither A nor B

In 1949, President Harry Truman moved Congress to pass legislation for

public housing

In 1949, the Truman Administration made progress in civil rights by

ordering an end to discrimination in the hiring of government employees

The Supreme Court case of Shelley v. Kraemer (1948) dealt a blow to

housing discrimination

A 1948 public opinion poll revealed that a majority of Americans believed atomic power would

in the long run, do more good than harm

In 1950, the immediate cause of the Korean War was the

military invasion by North Korea into South Korea

All of the following statements regarding Korea are true EXCEPT

the United States left Korea in 1946

After World War II, in Korea, the government of Syngman Rhee

was pro-Western

In 1950, the Truman administration responded to the onset of fighting in Korea by

calling on the United Nations to intervene

During the Korean War, the American invasion at Inchon

prompted President Truman to try and push communists out of North Korea

In 1951, President Harry Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur of command because

MacArthur publicly criticized President Truman's policy in Korea

The initial response by the American public to the dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur was

criticism with President Truman

During the Korean War, the Truman administration faced major strikes in the industries of

rail and steel

As a result of the Korean War, the

American public believed there was something wrong with the United States

In 1947, the first target of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was

the movie industry

All of the following statements regarding the HUAC investigation of Alger Hiss and Whittaker Chambers are true EXCEPT

Hiss was convicted of espionage

The HUAC investigation of Alger Hiss significantly helped the political career of

Richard Nixon

In 1947, the Truman administration responded to Republican attacks that it was weak on communism by

beginning an investigation into the loyalty of federal employees

The McCarran Internal Security Act of 1950

required communists organizations to register with the government

In 1950, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were accused of spying for

the Soviet Union

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were

accused of passing American secrets to its enemies

When Joseph McCarthy first leveled charges of communist infiltration in the government, he was a

first-term Republican senator

Joseph McCarthy burst to national prominence by charging that there were known communists in the

State Department

During Joseph McCarthy's investigation into alleged subversion in government

he never produced conclusive evidence that any federal employee was a communist

The election of 1952 saw

television play a significant role in the campaign

The results of the election of 1952 saw

the end to a long period of Democratic dominance

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