Waxy, waterproof layer on leaves that retain water.
Tube-like structure that helps transport materials.
Stage of plant life cycles that uses spores (diploid).
Stage of plant life cycles that uses gametes (haploid).
Simple rootless plant with leaf-like growths in a spiral around a stalk.
Root-like filament that anchors the moss and is made up of a few long cells.
"Herb for the liver" where each rhizoid is made up of a single cell.
Has kind of a horn-like structure that grows out of the gametophytes and lives in moist soil rather than on rocks or tree trunks.
Seedless, vascular plant that produces spores at the end of the stem that looks like little pinecones.
Seedless, vascular plant that looks similar to the club moss.
Seedless, vascular plant that has a unique structure where their stems are jointed and leaves grow around the joint.
Most abundant seedless, vascular plant that has about 12,000 livings species.
Autotroph, Eukaryote, Have cell walls made of cellulose, Multicellular
Name the 4 characteristics of a plant (alphabetical order, commas, and no "and" or "."):
Where did plants start, probably?
Where do most plants grow now?
Cell Walls and Vascular Tissue
What do plants use for support (alphabetical order, no commas, use "and", and no period).?
What is a plant that requires water to get the sperm to the egg?
Name the other way plants get the sperm to the egg (not water).
How do non-vascular plants obtain what they need?
Where did plants probably evolve from (starts with a "P" and plural)?
Where did plants probably evolve from (starts with an "A")?
What color pigments are chlorophyll?
Orange, Red, Yellow
What color pigments are carotenoids (alphabetical order, commas, and no "and")?
Non-Vascular Land Plant
Which plant is the simplest plant?
Can't Hold Water
Why do the small non-vascular land plants live in damp environments?
The non-vascular land plants are usually just a few cells thick so they have to ______ everything.
Leaves, Stems, True Roots
Non-vascular plants do NOT have what three things (alphabetical order, commas, plural, and no "and")?
Hornworts, Liverworts, Mosses
Name the three seedless, non-vascular land plants (alphabetical order, commas, plural, and no "and").
Mosses, liverworts, and hornworts grow from ______.
Leaf-like Green Growths, Root-like Fibers, Stalks
Mosses, liverworts, and hornworts DO have what three things (alphabetical order, plural, commas, and no "and")?
Mosses have more than _____ species (use comma)!
In mosses, the spores are high for ____________.
In mosses, moss is low for _____.
In which century did liverworts help treat diseases of liver (just put the number)?
Liverworts have more than ____ species (use comma)!
The rarest of the seedless, non-vascular plants.
Hornworts have less than ___ species!
If you see a vascular plant, you know it has ________ ______!
Just like mosses and liverworts, seedless, vascular plants reproduce using ______!
Seedless, vascular plants still need _____ for reproduction (starts with a "W")!
Closer to the Sun
Why is it important to be a bigger plant (4 words)?
What do the stems of horsetails contain that can be used for scrubbing?
The stems of horsetails are ______ and surrounded by a ring of vascular tissue.
The stems of horsetails are kind of like bamboo, except that they are more _________.
Some ancient tree ferns grew as high as __ meters!
A leaf on a fern.
The underground stem of a fern.
The spore case that is produced on the backs of the fronds and also looks like a dark colored bump.
A small green heart-shaped gametophyte plant that spores germinate into on wet ground.
The __________ produces the sex cells.
The zygote forms the embryo- which grows into a __________.
(Type "T" or "F") The prothallus can produce new rhizomes and grow directly into a sporophyte.
What is a plant that reproduces using seeds (two words)?
How the food moves around the plant is the ______.
How the water and minerals move up from the soil is the _____.
(Type the letter only, NOT the ")")Which is NOT a main characteristic of a seed plant: A) Use pollen/seeds to reproduce B) Seeds grow from their roots C) Vascular tissue?
The sperm delivery system that travels in the air.
The reproductive part of the plant that contains a plant embryo and stored food.
Embryo, Seed Coat, Stored Food
What are the three parts of the structure of the seed (alphabetical order, commas, and no "and")?
How Many Cotyledons They Have
How are seeds classified (5 WORDS and no period)?
"Seed leaf" on the plant embryo that contain the endosperm.
The stored food that are in the cotyledons.
Name an example of a monocot.
Name an example of a dicot.
(Type "T" or "F") 3 of the five ways for seeds to fertile ground are wind, water, and sunlight.
When the seed develops into a new plant.
Where does the seed get energy to grow?
Roots have the ability to split _____ (plural)!
Leaves, Roots, Stems
What are the three main structures on a vascular plant (alphabetical order, commas, plural, and no "and")?
Which of the main structures on a vascular plant is the biggest (plural)?
(Type "A", "B", or "C") Which of the three choices is correct for the reasons roots are so big: A) Water and Food B) Water and Support the Plant C) Support the Plant and Food?
Water and minerals enter the plant by the ____s (singular).
Roots help absorb carbon dioxide for ______________, oxygen for ___________ (alphabetical order, commas, and no "and").
What are two examples of edible roots (alphabetical order, the two in our notes, plural, and no "and")?
The type of root that forms a dense, tangled mass.
What are grass and onions examples of (singular)?
The type of root that is just one long, thick main root.
What are carrots and dandelions examples of (singular)?
Protects the root as it grows through the soil.
Is the onion tip an example of a root cap ("Yes" or "No")?
Helps absorb nutrients/water and anchor.
Vascular tissue is at the ______ of the root.
The above-ground part of plants that supports the leaves and flowers.
Does the stem support the plant ("Yes" or "No")?
Does the stem receive water ("Yes" or "No")?
Does the stem allow movement of materials between roots and leaves ("Yes" or "No")?
Does the stem have to do with photosynthesis ("Yes" or "No")?
Asparagus, Celery, Potatoes
Three examples of edible stems (alphabetical order, commas, plural, and no "and").
_____ stems can carry on photosynthesis and make food- the leaves are the prickles!
Tissue made of tubular vessels that transport water and minerals up from the roots. It's in the interior of the stem.
Tissue made of tubular cells. They move food from leaves and stems to other parts of the plant for use or storage. It's in the outer part of the stem.
Between the phloem and xylem is the ______- which produces new xylem and phloem cells.
Type of stem that is bendable, soft, and green.
Type of stem that is hard and rigid, basically, it's name says it all.
It usually traps light and makes food by photosynthesis.
How many different structures in a leaf are there?
Thin layer of cells that covers and protects the upper and lower surfaces of a layer.
The _______ usually covers the epidermis.
Small pores on the leaf surface that allows carbon dioxide, water, and oxygen to enter and leave.
Surrounds the stomata and opens and closes the pores.
Cuticle, Guard Cells, Stomata
_______ (s.), _______ (pl.), _____ _____ (pl.) are adaptions to survival on land (alphabetical order, commas, and no "and").
Rows of closely packed cells just below the epidermis. Packed with chloroplasts. THIS IS SINGULAR
Loosely arranged cells and lots of air spaces the can hold the veins (vascular tissue). THIS IS SINGULAR
Contains most of the stomata/guard cells.
What is above and below the leaf layers?
Water evaporating from a plant's leaves.
What is one way to control transpiration?
B, D, A, C
Put these in order from top to bottom: A. Spongy Layer B. Upper Epidermis C. Lower Epidermis D. Palisade Layer (just put the letters and use commas without an "and").
What do plants have to develop to obtain water (plural)?
Do all plants use sexual reproduction (Type "Yes" or "No")?
(Type "T" or "F") Sunlight is an advantage to living on land.
There is more ______ _______ in air than in water.
(Type "T" or "F") Plants still need roots to carry nutrients into and waste out of cells.
Do plants need structure to support their weight (Type "Yes" or "No")?
Seedless Non-Vascular Plants
These plants don't have vascular tissue, grow low, have no roots, and absorb what they need to obtain (no commas, no ".", use a "-", plural, and GET IT RIGHT!).
Seedless Vascular Plants
These plants have vascular tissue and are better suited for life on land (plural, no commas, no ".", and GET IT RIGHT!).
Makes the sperm in the fern life cycle.
Makes the egg in the fern life cycle.
In the fern life cycle, the sporangium goes through the process of _______ and _______ (alphabetical order, commas, and no "and").
Does the fern in its life cycle ever go through fertilization (Type "Yes" or "No")?
What protects the seed (from the lab)?
The hypocotyl really is the ____.
The radicle really is the ____.
The epicotyl really is the ____.
How does the seed grow (what process?)?
How does a plant control water loss (what process?)?
Who made this set (First and Last Name)?
Who teaches us science this year (Last Name ONLY)?