US history ch 30

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During the 1950s, the general economic conditions of the United States included

low unemployment

Between 1945 and 1960, the birth rate in the United States

reversed a long pattern of decline

Following World War II, the American economy

grew nearly ten times faster than the population between 1945 and 1975

During the 1950s, the region of the United States that experienced the most dramatic change as a result of the economic growth was the

West

During the 1950s, the American Federation of Labor in the United States

merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations

All of the following researchers made important contributions to the development of antibiotics EXCEPT

Paul Muller

Following World War II, American scientists made a critical contribution to the development of penicillin by

finding methods for its mass production and commercial distribution

In the early 20th century, the vaccine which raised the most safety concerns in the United States was for the prevention of

tuberculosis

In 1954, the American scientist Jonas Salk developed a vaccine for the prevention of

prevention of
polio

All of the following statements regarding the use of DDT are true EXCEPT

it was eventually realized that the pesticide had a long-term toxic effect on humans and animals

The correct chronological order for developments in electronic technology is

vacuum tube, transistor, integrated circuit

The first significant public awareness in the United States of computers came during

the 1952 election tabulations

During the 1950s, the United States government's primary motive for the development of rocket and missile technology was for the

long-range delivery of weapons

In 1960, the United States first successfully launched a missile from a submarine with the

Polaris

In 1961, the first American to be launched into space was

Alan Shepard

The primary purpose of the American Apollo program was to

land men on the moon

Between 1945-1957, the growth of American consumerism was aided by

low-payment credit plans

Beginning in the late 1940s, William Levitt used mass-production techniques to sell

houses

During the 1950s, the popularity in the United States of suburban living was partly explained by

both A and B

In 1946, Dr. Benjamin Spock's best-selling Baby and Child Care contended

mothers should stay at home with their children

During the 1950s, in the United States, married women who worked outside the home

all of the above

All of the following statements regarding early television are true EXCEPT

the federal government regulated the content of both commercials and programs

During the 1950s, television networks

generally sought to convey an idealized image of America

During the 1950s, the American environmental preservation movement was mobilized by

a proposed dam on the Green River in Echo Park, Utah

In his 1956 book on corporate America, The Organization Man, William Whyte, Jr. contended

a worker's most valuable trait in the corporate work setting was to get along

In his 1950 book, The Lonely Crowd, sociologist David Riesman argued that Americans increasingly

both A and B

The popular "beat" novel, On the Road, (1957) was written by

Jack Kerouac

In the 1950s, crimes committed by juveniles

did not significantly increase during the decade

Like many early white rock musicians, Elvis Presley drew heavily from black traditions in

rhythm and blues

The rapid rise in the popularity of rock music was partly due to programming innovations in

both A and B

Michael Harrington's 1962 book, The Other America focused on the problems of

poverty

All of the following statements regarding poverty in America during the 1950s are true EXCEPT

the percentage of the population living in poverty rose during the decade

During the 1950s, rural America

lost ten percent of its population in 1956

In 1960, the city in the United States with the largest Mexican-American population was

Los Angeles

All of the following were factors in the 1950s in rising poverty rates in inner-cities EXCEPT

a growth of unskilled industrial jobs in these areas

The Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

declared that separate educational facilities were unlawful

In the civil rights movement, the spirit of "massive resistance" is associated with

southern whites

In 1957, the effort to integrate Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas required

the presence of federal troops to enforce court orders

The Montgomery bus boycott of 1955-1956

marked the emergence of an effective form of racial protest

Martin Luther King, Jr., was leader of the

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

In the 1950s, factors in the rise of the civil rights movement included

all of the above

In his economic agenda, President Dwight Eisenhower

lowered federal support for farm prices

The most significant and costly initiative of the federal government under President Dwight Eisenhower involved

a federal highway system

In the 1956 elections

President Dwight Eisenhower faced his 1952 Democratic opponent

The political decline of Senator Joseph McCarthy began when he investigated

the army

In 1954, in regards to Senator Joseph McCarthy, the United States Senate voted to

censure him

In 1954, under John Foster Dulles' concept of "massive retaliation," the United States would

use nuclear weapons against communist aggression

Until the early 1950s, the country the United States assisted in trying to control Vietnam was

France

In 1954, Ho Chi Minh was receiving aid from

both A and B

In regards to Vietnam, the Geneva accords of 1954

called for democratic elections

As a result of the Geneva accords of 1954, the United States

supported Ngo Dinh Diem as the leader of the government in south Vietnam

Between 1945-1959, the United States policy in the Middle East saw the

CIA help bring to power the Shah of Iran

In 1954, the Eisenhower administration ordered the CIA to help overthrow the government of

Guatemala

The Eisenhower administration responded to Fidel Castro's coming to power in Cuba by

ending diplomatic relations

In 1960, the Soviet Union's announcement it had shot down an American U-2 spy plane

led Soviet Premier Khrushchev to cancel a planned visit by Eisenhower to Moscow

In his farewell address to the nation, President Dwight Eisenhower warned against dangers of

"the military-industrial complex."

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