Group of people forming a community.
Large farm with many workers who live on the land they work.
Grant given by the King of Spain to wealthy settlers in New Spain. Gave settlers control of all the Native Americans living on an area of land.
Person who teaches his or her religion to others who have different beliefs.
Religious settlement where missionaries live and work.
Legendary kingdom rich in gold supposedly located in northern Mexico.
African sailor who had been enslaved and explored with deVaca in search of Cibola; killed by Zuni people in present day New Mexico.
Who else was sent to search for cities of Cibola but did not find them because they did not exist?
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
Name the four types of people labeled in New Spain society.
1. Peninsulares-top of society; people born in Spain.
2. Creoles-Spanish background but born in Americas.
3. Mestizos-largest group; Indian & Spanish background
4. People with no Spanish background such as Indians & Africans
What group of people in New Spain society were wealthy and powerful, owned many of the plantations, and were given encomiendas (grants allowing control of native peoples on the land)?
1. What did the Encomienda owners do with the native people?
2. What did the native people do in return?
1. Put them to work, care for them, and convert them to Christianity.
2. Give the encomienda owners crops that they grew and other goods.
1. What did the encomienda owners have the native people do?
2. How were they treated?
1. Work as farm workers, miners and servants.
2. Many often worked without pay or enough food. Many of them were beaten and forced to work long hours.
What was the purpose of the missions?
Teach the native people about Christianity. Also taught native people to farm, raise cattle & sheep.
What did some missions do that Bartolome de Las Casas spoke about and against?
He spoke against some missions who treated native people cruelly and mistreated them.
What did Las Casas persuade Spain to do?
Pass laws stating native people must be paid for work-the laws were never enforced and later cancelled.
Why did the Spanish enslave Africans and bring them to the Caribbean Island of Hispaniola in 1512?
To replace the native people who were dying in large numbers from disease or overwork.
Why did the enslavement of the captured Africans continue?
It became an important part of the colonial economy. Profits from the plantations and mines created wealth for Spain.