Pluck the string
Use the bow
Glissando or Gliss
Slide to the note
Subito or sub.
Espressivo or esp.
Divisi or div.
Divided- each note is assigned to a particular musician
Diminuendo or dim.
Gradually get quieter
ff - fortissimo
fff - Fortississimo
Very, very loud
pp - pianissimo
ppp - pianississimo
very, very quiet
mp - mezzo piano
mf - mezzo forte
p - piano
f - forte
Without a slow down
Poco a poco
little by little
Poco a poco crescendo
Little by little gets louder
a lot, much, a great deal
Cresc. or crescendo
gradually gets louder
Crescendo molto or cresc. molto
gradually gets louder A LOT!!!!!!!!!!!
Sempre cresc. or Sempre crescendo
Always crescendo, always getting louder
The notation sfp (or fp) indicates a sforzando loud and strong beginning of a note followed immediately by piano- quiet
quick, lively fast
With a mute
Literally, "more motion" music quickens
Literally, "less motion" music slows down at this point
Decresc. or Descrescendo
Gradually get quieter
Without a mute (take off your mute)
Ritardando or rit.
Gradually decrease the tempo of the music
Latin for, "it is silent" it means don't play
Bow technique where the player plays on or close to the bridge producing an icy shimmering sound
Hammered stroke, very fast, energetic bow speed
Bow technique whereby the player uses the wood of the bow
Bow technique in which the bow is "thrown" onto the string in the upper half of the bow. French for skipping a rock.
is a musical term describing trembling effects. Rapid reiteration of one or two notes
a form of music made popular in the Baroque Era where a small group of soloists (concertino) is featured and accompanied by the rest of the orchestra (ripieno)
A form of Middle Eastern improvisation
An extended musical composition often with 3 or 4 movements usually played by an orchestra
Refers to a musical work usually in three movements where one solo instrument is accompanied by an orchestra
1714-1787, Bohemian-Austrian, Baroque, Dance of the Blessed Spirits
1685-1759, German-English, Baroque, Concerto Grosso Op. 6, No. 12
1840-1893, Russian, Romantic, Trepak, Waltz of the Flowers
American Jazz violinist residing in Hayward Wisconsin
1685-1750, German, Baroque, Concerto for Two Violins in D Minor
1967, American-Italian, Contemporary, Ratatouille, The Incredibles
1845-1924, French, Impressionistic, Apres un Reve
1756-1791, Bavarian-Austrian, Classical, Symphony No. 41
1914-1993, American, Jazz, Tuxedo Junction
4, 5, 7, 8, 9
Shostakovich symphonies referred to in the documentary
Shostakovich Symphony #4
The symphony not played during Stalin's lifetime
5 theme figure
In the final movement of Mozart's 41st Symphony, Mozart had a...
Mozart's Symphony #41
Mozart's last symphony
An influential French composer, influenced 20th century composers.
Order of the Sharps
Order of the Flats
Rule for major key (sharps)
Go to last sharp and then up a half step.
Rule for major key (flats)
Go to last flat and then to the one before it.
Rule for finding minor key
Go to first note of major key, and count up 6 notes.