The rebirth or revival of artistic and intellectual activity
the economic system in which there is the ability to own your own piece of land, the free exchange of goods and services, and competitive market place
The political system in which a vassal works for a lord in exchange for land and protection
The moral code of conduct for knights
a court of justice
the territory of a duke or duchess
Supreme father of bishops in the East Orthodox church
to cut someone off from the sacraments of the church
A paerson who has sworn allegiance to a lord
a grant of land
Someone who lives on and farms a piece of land owned by another person and pays rent to that person
Someone who is bound to land by the law
The act of establishing a bishop
a group of merchants dedicated to protecting and furthering their individual trade
the act of inheriting the throne of kingship
bodily wounds that resemble the marks in Jesus on the cross
a closed vessel for keeping the consecrated wafers of the Eucharist after Mass
the course of studying grammar, logic, and rhetoric
the course of studying arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music
a well organized, written argument
the beginning of the middle ages and are called this because we know very little of this period of time
The Dark ages in which a new civilization of Christian culture formed under the church
The king of the franks and who's son was Louis the Pious. Fought the Saxons for 33 years.
the Lombard king who was conquered by Charlemagne.
Charlemagne beheaded _________ Saxons who refused to be baptized
The period in which Charlemagne ushered in a period of cultural revival
Christmas Day/ Pope Leo 3rd
Charlemagne was crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire on _______________ ______ by __________ ______ ______
Louis the Pious
The son of Charlemagne
Charles, Louis, Lothair
The three remaining sons of Louis the Pious
Louis the Pious's son who ruled South of Italy, to the Rhine river of the homeland of the Franks
Louis the Pious's son who ruled France
Louis the Pious's son who ruled what would be Germany today
The Swedes, Norwegians, and the Danes. They were skilled seamen and drove sea boats
Within 100 years the vikings had taken almost all of __________
The vikings invaded paris 3 times and once with ______ ships
Russia comes from the word "Rus" and means __________
The vikings descended Russia and founded _______
The viking Oleg launched a fleet of 2,000 ships against ___________________
The _______ made an agreement with Alfred the Great and in this the vikings converted to Christianity
Charles the Simple made an agreement with ________ in 911.
True or False. Muslims invaders had eliminated old Christian centers in Syria, Israel, Egypt, and parts of Italy
True or False. The Capital of the western church was stronger than the East Capital.
True or False. The pope in Rome and and the patriarch in Constantinople took the same side in the church dispute.
The pope and the patriarch excommunicated each other in _____
The word feudal comes from the word _____
true or false. a vassal only had to fight for his lord for 50 days
the word surf comes from this word and means servant
a tribal cheiftain had around him a special band of soldiers referred to as _________
true or false. The word knight comes from the German word cnecht
a shield bearer and became knighted at the age of 21
A man became a _________ by being slapped by a bishop
double edged sword
a knights chief weapon
the third class in the feudal society
Arhtur's enchanted sword
Pope Gregory the 7th was first named ____________
True or False. In the Middle Ages bible stories were told in "mystery plays"
in the 11th century the ______ _____ took control of the Holy lands
_______ ___ addressed a great crowd at the council of clermont
crux means _____
True or False. The crusades did increase the amount of trade with the supplies that were brought back from the Islamic lands.
This made work for serfs easier
The family of bankers in Italy
Romanesque churches were usually made in the shape of a _________.
Suger / St. Denis
Abbot ________ completed renovations on his church _________
True or False. It took some time for the Gothic style to replace the Romanesque.
Charters Cathedral and Cologne Cathedral
Two examples of Gothic cathedrals are _______________ and ________________.
did William the 1st rise from shame or nobility?
duke of Normandy
William"s father Henry was the ________ ___ ___________.
True or False. When Henry died Henry's barons aloud William to be dutch
King Edward's nick name
_________ was the expected successor of Edward.
The battle of Hastings, a battle between Harold and and William was fought on October 14, ______
William conquered all of England and _________.
William created the _________ Book.
William the 2nd established _______ law.
Eleanor of Aquitaine
Henry 2nd's wife
True or False. Henry 2nd made his friend Thomas Becket Archbishop because he cared for his friend and loved the Christian church.