What was Europe like after the decline of the Roman Civilization?
an isolated land of disunity, conflict, and poverty
the time in European history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance
a government where loca lords governed their lands but owed military service and other support to a greater Lord
an estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty
a Lord's estate including one or more villiages and the sourrounding lands
an outbreak of bubonic plague that was pandemic throughout Europe and much of Asia in the 14th century
Hundred Years War
the series of wars between England and France, 1337-1453, in which England lost all its possessions in France except Calais
What does Renaissance mean?
Where was the Renaissance started?
When was the Renaissance?
How did the Renaissance happen?
patrons had a ton of money
What is the Renaissance?
a time of creativity and change in poitical, social, economic, and cultural areas
What are the differences between the Middle Ages and Renaissance lifestyle?
less knowledge and more wars
itellectual movement of the Italian Renaissance focing on worldly subjects rather than religious issues
What is the first Characteristic of Humanism?
Perfection - quest to master the human body
regarding the human being as the central fact of the universe
The Medici Family
patron family that had all the money
Written by machiavelli, described that power is more important, "better to be feared than loved"
Erasmus' Praise of Folly
greatest of the northern humanists, wanted to put his faith in education, enlightened discussion, and gradual moral improvement, his book satirized worldly ambitions (especially those of the clergy)
written by Miguel de Cervantess that moks romantic notions of medieval chivary
a book by Sir Thomas More (1516) describing the perfect society on an imaginary island
Book of Courtier
Courtier's handbook on manners, all written in conversation written by castiglione
Gargantua and Pantagrue
written by Francois Rabelais to show his opinion on a many serious sjubjects like education and religion
tragedy written by William Shakespeare
Why was there a 100 year delay of the Renaissance to Northern Europe?
little contact with Southern countries
What were the main focuses of Northern European Renaissance?
Architecture, Dance, Literature, Music, Painting, Philosophy, Science, Technology, and Warfare
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
How does the Protestant Reformation embody ideals of the Renaissance?
it shows individuality
Who ruled the Holy Roman Empire and where was it located?
King Charles V in Modern Day Germany
Peace of Augsburg
a document written by King Charles V stating the that Prince can choose the religion of the country which caused civil wars
wanted to change the church, not start a new religion; asked to recant his ideas but refused; said peasants could be killed for revolting
started a theocracy in the city-state of Geneva; believed God predetermined who was going to Heaven;
a French Protestant
had 6 wives; wanted an annulment because he wanted to remarry to have a son; had the Church taken from the Pope's power and under his
England's path to Protestantism
Henry VIII was Catholic and his son, Edward VI changed to Calvinist then Protestant
Queen Elizabeth I was plotted to be assinated by her cousin Mary Queen of Scots and has her beheaded for it
very unpopular because she was married to King Phillip who was killing Protestants
What are the results of the Reformation?
more pious; piety charity, and religious art flourished; stoped Protestant and returned some to the Catholic Church, but remained Catholic in the south and Protestant in the north
What is St. Bart's Day Massacre?
3,000 Huguenots were killed by Catholics
Describe the Witch Hunts.
troubled times came and people were looking for escapegoats
"This was never my work!
Martin Luther saying he wanted change, not a new church
Unless I am proved otherwise..I can not and I will not recant...On this I take my stand. I can do no other God hep me. Amen."
Martin Luther refusing to recant at Worms
As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, a soul from purgatory springs."
a bought way into Heaven and out of Purgatory
How did the Renaissance refect Humanism ideals?
it allowed man to discover their own potentials and make goals
Queen Elizabeth I
queen of England; perserved many traditional Catholic ideas but est. England as a Protestant nation
arguments written by Martin Luther against the Catholic church that he posted on the doors
a pardon for sins committed during a person's lifetime
What were the main points of Queen Elizabeth I's reign?
1. beheads Mary Queen of Scots 2. King Phillip declares war 3. Compromises Religion 4. Declares England offically Protestant
What is the second Characteristic of Humanism?
Dignified - anthropocentric movement
What is the third Characteristic of Humanism?
Civilized - realized their potential powers
v=What is the fourth Characteristic of Humanism?
Worldly - trying to explore the modern world
What is the fifth Characteristic of Humanism?
Classical - Ancient Greece and Romans
What are the two ideals of Humanism?
the power and potential of man and focusing on the present