Disorders of the Human Body

41 terms by hkboyer16

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Review this for the MATCHING portion of the Mid-Term Exam

Diabetes

Disorder involving irregular levels of blood sugar (usually from dysfunctional cells in the pancreas that have difficulty producing or releasing insulin)

Scurvy

Nutritional disorder that results in a deficiency of Vitamin C

Rickets

Nutritional disorder that results in a deficiency of Vitamin D

Celiac's Disease

Disorder in which a person cannot digest the protein gluten in foods (found in carbs such as breads & pasta) that causes an inability to absorb nutrients

Anemia

Disorder that involves a low iron count in the bloodstream, which leads to difficulty in transporting oxygen

Lactose Intolerance

Inability for a person to digest the sugar lactose; usually associated with difficulty eating/digesting milk-based food products

Osteoporosis

Bone disorder, usually associated with aging, that causes the body's bones to begin thinning and easily fracture

Gall Stones

Condition that develops when cholesterol and bile salts form small deposits within the gall bladder

Cellulitis

Deep tissue infection (below the epidermis) that occur anywhere on the skin, but is usually found in the legs, arms and face

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Connective tissue disorder that results in "super-stretchy" skin and hypermobile joints

Marfan Syndrome

Genetic disorder that causes abnormal connective tissue development (weakness in the tissues of the bones, eyes, muscles). Patients will also have a longer wingspan than height, and abnormally long fingers

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Genetic disorder that affects the development of bone/osseous tissue, resulting in "brittle bone" disease

Fibromyalgia

Disorder of the muscle tissue and associated joints

Ringworm

Fungal infection in which the rash forms a circular shape on the skin

Impetigo

Highly contagious bacterial skin infection, that usually affects exposed areas such as the face/skin around the nose

Acne

Inflammation of the sebaceous glands of the sking

Melanoma

Cancer of the melanocytes of the skin; has the ability to spread rapidly in the body

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Cancer of the (squamous cells) of the epidermis, usually on sun-exposed portions of the body

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Tumors that arise from the epidermis (basal layer) and rarely spread

1st Degree Burn

Slight injury to the epidermis (usually sunburn) associated with redness of the skin

2nd Degree Burn

Injury of the skin that includes both the epidermis and part/all of the dermis; usually associated with blistering

3rd Degree Burn

Extensive injury to the skin in which the epidermis, dermis and part/all of the hypodermis, as well the accessory organs of the skin, are severely damaged

Fever Blisters

Cold sores of the mouth, caused by the Herpes Simplex I virus

Plantar Warts

Viral infections located on the bottom/sole of the foot

Bedsores (Decubitis)

Condition caused by the constant deficienty of blood to tissues over a bony projection that has been subjected to prolonged pressure (such as a bed, cast, or splint)

Osteopenia

Precursor condition to osteoporosis; it consists of a lower than normal bone density, but not quite low enough to be classified as osteoporosis

FOP (Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva)

Rare genetic mutation where soft tissues of the body (ligaments, tendons, muscles) begin to form bone, eventually prohibiting movement in the joints of the body

Osteosarcoma

Bone cancer, usually found in the long bones of the body

Leukemia

Cancer of the blood/bone marrow that affects the white blood cells (large numbers of white blood cells develop, but never mature, making the patient very susceptible to infections)

Cleft Palate

Condition that occurs when the bones of the maxilla do not fuse properly during fetal development, leading to facial defomities of the upper lip region

Herniated Disc

Injury that occurs when an invertebral disc of the spinal column moves out of place, pinching a never and causing pain, numbness & tingling, or possibly loss of function

Scolosis

Irregular (lateral) curvature of the spinal column

Osteoarthritis

Chronic degeneration of the hyaline cartilage within the joints of the body

Gout

Condition that develops as a result of sodium urate crystals that accumulate in the blood; usually common in the foot/big toe

Lyme Disease

Bacterial infection carried by deer ticks that causes a bull's-eye shaped rash, joint inflammation, and can lead to neurological conditions (Bell's Palsy)

Dislocation

Also known as a luxation; an injury that occurs when a bone is displaced from a joint in the body (usually resulting in the tearing of various ligaments/tendons that are associated with the joint)

Sprain

Injury that occurs with a forcible twisting motion of a joint, usually stretching or rupturing the ligaments that support it (classified as 1st, 2nd, or 3rd degree)

Appendicitis

Digestive system disorder that includes acute pain in the RIGHT iliac region, as often accompanied by fever, naseau, and other infection-type symptoms

Craniosynostosis

Disorder of the skeletal system in which the sutures of the skull fuse together too quickly in young children, causing difficulty for the brain to grow

Psoriasis

Skin condition in which the cells grow too quickly, causing patches of dry skin to accummulate and flake off.

Vitiligo

Skin disorder in which the melanocytes are no longer functional, and can no longer produce pigment.

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