Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Review for chapter 2 test

One important feature of the world's population with the most significant future implications is that

A) the natural increase rate is larger every year.

B) there are fewer people in the world now than at the peak in the middle of the twentieth century.

C) the most rapid growth is occurring in the less developed countries.

D) people are uniformly distributed across Earth.

E) the less developed countries have the highest combined crude death rate.

C

Geographers define overpopulation as

A) too many people in the world.

B) too many people compared to resources.

C) too many people in a region.

D) all of the above

E) A and C

B

The world's fourth largest concentration of people is located in

A) East Asia.

B) South Asia.

C) Southeast Asia.

D) Europe.

E) North America.

C

The most populous country in the world is

A) China.

B) India.

C) Russia.

D) Indonesia.

E) Republic of Congo.

A

Two-thirds of the world's population is clustered in four regions. Which of the following is not one of these four regions?

A) East Asia

B) Southeast Asia

C) Sub-Saharan Africa

D) Europe

E) South Asia

C

Most people live in cities in which of these regions?

A) East Asia

B) South Asia

C) Southeast Asia

D) Europe

E) Sub-Saharan Africa

D

The most populous country in the Southeast Asia region is

A) Bangladesh.

B) China.

C) India.

D) Indonesia.

E) Thailand

D

Human beings avoid all but which of these regions?

A) cold lands

B) dry lands

C) warm lands

D) wet lands

E) high lands

C

Relatively few people live at high elevations, but there are significant exceptions, especially in

A) Asia.

B) Europe.

C) Latin America.

D) North America.

E) Africa.

C

Physiological density is the number of

A) acres of farmland.

B) farmers per area of farmland.

C) people per area of land.

D) people per area suitable for agriculture.

E) farm animals per area suitable for agriculture.

D

11) A country with a large amount of arable land and a small number of farmers will have a

A) high physiological density.

B) low physiological density.

C) high agricultural density.

D) low agricultural density.

E) low arithmetic density.

D

Land suited for agriculture is called

A) population density.

B) agricultural density.

C) physiological density.

D) arid land.

E) arable land.

E

If the physiological density is much larger than the arithmetic density, then a country has

A) inefficient farmers.

B) a large number of farmers.

C) a small percentage of land suitable for agriculture.

D) too many people for the available resources.

E) too few farmers for the large area of land suitable for agriculture.

C

India and the United Kingdom have approximately the same arithmetic density. From this we can conclude that the two countries have the same

A) level of output per farmer.

B) number of people per area of land.

C) pressure placed by people on the land to produce food.

D) number of farmers per area of land.

E) all of the above

B

The annual global population growth rate increased approximately ten thousand years ago because of the

A) agricultural revolution.

B) demographic transition.

C) Industrial Revolution.

D) medical revolution.

E) increase in the crude birth rate.

A

The annual global population growth rate increased approximately two hundred years ago because of the

A) agricultural revolution.

B) demographic transition.

C) Industrial Revolution.

D) medical revolution.

E) increase in the crude birth rate.

C

The medical revolution has been characterized by

A) development of new inventions.

B) diffusion of medical practices.

C) increased agricultural productivity.

D) invention of new medicines.

E) increase in the crude birth rate.

B

The average number of births women bear in their lifetimes is

A) crude birth rate.

B) crude death rate.

C) total fertility rate.

D) natural increase rate.

E) increasing in more developed countries.

C

To study fertility, geographers most frequently use the

A) crude birth rate.

B) crude death rate.

C) infant mortality rate.

D) natural increase rate.

E) life expectancy.

A

The world's population in 1995 was approximately 6 billion and a steady rate of growth was expected to reach 12 billion in approximately 45 years. The period of 45 years is known as

A) doubling time.

B) life expectancy.

C) natural increase rate.

D) overpopulation.

E) demographic transition.

A

The annual natural increase rate is currently approximately

A) 1.2 percent.

B) 12 percent.

C) 1.2 per 1,000.

D) 120 million.

E) 12 billion.

A

A decline in a country's crude birth rate would result in an increase in the country's

A) total fertility rate.

B) life expectancy rate.

C) crude death rate.

D) doubling time.

E) natural increase rate.

D

Of the following five countries, the highest natural increase rate is found in

A) China.

B) Colombia.

C) Denmark.

D) Uganda.

E) Norway

D

Of the following five countries, the lowest crude birth rate is found in

A) China.

B) Colombia.

C) Denmark.

D) Uganda.

E) Zaire.

C

When combined for all less developed countries, which of the following rates is lower than more developed countries combined?
A) crude birth rate

B) crude death rate

C) infant mortality rate

D) natural increase rate

E) total growth rate

B

Costa Rica has a lower crude death rate than the United States because Costa Rica

A) has a higher sex ratio.

B) has more hospitals per person.

C) has a milder climate.

D) is in Stage 4 of the demographic transition.

E) has a lower percentage of elderly people.

E

Among world countries, the spread between the highest and lowest crude death rates is ________ than the spread between the highest and lowest crude birth rates.

A) greater

B) less

C) the same as

D) more related to income

E) less dependent on social services

B

Life expectancy is lowest in

A) Africa.

B) East Asia.

C) North America.

D) Europe.

E) Southeast Asia.

A

The total number of live births per year per
1,000 people in a society is the

A) crude birth rate.

B) life expectancy rate.

C) natural increase rate.

D) total fertility rate.

E) projected birth rate.

A

The highest natural increase rates are
found in countries in which stage of the
demographic transition?

A) Stage 1

B) Stage 2

C) Stage 3

D) Stage 4

E) Stage 5

B

The lowest crude birth rates are found in
countries in which stage of the demographic
transition?

A) Stage 1

B) Stage 2

C) Stage 3

D) Stage 4

E) Stage 5

D

The highest crude death rates are found
in countries in which stage of the
demographic transition?

A) Stage 1

B) Stage 2

C) Stage 3

D) Stage 4

E) Stage 5

A

Country X has a crude birth rate of 40 and
a crude death rate of 15. In what stage of
demographic transition is this country?

A) Stage 1

B) Stage 2

C) Stage 3

D) Stage 4

E) Stage 5

B

Country X has a crude birth rate of 40 and
a crude death rate of 15, while Country Y has a
crude birth rate of 20 and a crude death rate of
9. Which country has a higher natural increase
rate?

A) Country X

B) Country Y

C) The rate is the same in both countries.

D) The rate depends on total population, so it
can't be computed from this information.

E) The rate depends on immigration, so it can't
be computed from this information.

A

For every 1,000 babies born in Mozambique
this year, nearly 150 of them will die before they
reach their first birthday. The rate of 150 deaths
per 1,000 births is known as the

A) crude death rate.

B) infant mortality rate.

C) life expectancy.

D) total fertility rate.

E) terminal population rate.

B

Rapidly declining crude death rates are
found in which stage of the demographic
transition?

A) Stage 1

B) Stage 2

C) Stage 3

D) Stage 4

E) Stage 5

B

More developed countries moved from Stage 1 to
Stage 2 of the demographic transition 200 years ago
in part because of

A) the agricultural revolution.

B) invention of new technology.

C) people moving to cities.

D) women choosing to enter the labor force.

E) decreasing crude birth rates

E

The percentage of people who are too
young or too old to work in a society is the

A) dependency rate.

B) life expectancy.

C) population pyramid.

D) sex ratio.

E) demographic ratio.

A

The shape of a country's population
pyramid is determined primarily by its

A) crude birth rate.

B) crude death rate.

C) dependency rate.

D) sex ratio.

E) demographic ratio

A

A crude birth rate of approximately 10 per
1,000 is typical of a country in which stage of the
demographic transition?

A) Stage 1

B) Stage 2

C) Stage 3

D) Stage 4

E) Stages 2 and 3

D

The country with the narrowest population
pyramid is

A) Cape Verde.

B) Chile.

C) Denmark.

D) the United States.

E) Zaire.

C

England's population pyramid would
most likely resemble that of

A) Cape Verde.

B) Chile.

C) Denmark.

D) the United States.

E) Zaire.

C

The population pyramid of Naples, Florida,
is "upside down," because the city has a large
percentage of

A) elderly people.

B) young people.

C) immigrants.

D) females.

E) infants

A

In contrast to the experience of more developed
countries, less developed countries entered Stage 2 of
the demographic transition through

A) creation of higher levels of
wealth.

B) diffusion of the Industrial
Revolution.

C) diffusion of medical technology from other countries.

D) profound changes in their economic and social
systems.

E) banking innovations.

C

Thomas Malthus concluded that

A) population increased arithmetically while food
production increased geometrically.

B) the world's rate of population increase was higher
than the development of food supplies.

C) moral restraint was producing lower crude birth
rates.

D) population growth was outpacing available
resources in every country.

E) crude birth rates must balance crude death rates.

B

In comparing Malthus's theory to actual
world food production and population growth
during the past half-century, the principal
difference is that

A) actual food production has been much higher than
Malthus predicted.

B) Malthus's theory predicted much higher food
production than has actually occurred

C) actual population growth has been much higher
than Malthus predicted.

D) Malthus's theory predicted much higher population
growth than has actually occurred.

E) population increased geometrically while food
production increased arithmetically.

A

The principal reason for declining natural
increase rates in less developed countries
today is

A) increasing crude birth rates.

B) declining crude birth rates.

C) increasing crude death rates.

D) declining crude death rates.

E) balanced natural increase rates.

B

The low rate of contraceptive use in Africa reflects
the region's

A) improving education of women.

B) low status of women.

C) rapid diffusion of contraceptives.

D) all of the above

E) A and B

B

A possible stage five epidemiological
transition is the stage of

A) pestilence and famine.

B) receding pandemics.

C) degenerative and human created diseases.

D) delayed degenerative diseases.

E) reemergence of infectious and parasitic
diseases.

E

The most lethal epidemic in recent
years has been

A) avian flu.

B) AIDS.

C) malaria.

D) cholera.

E) SARS

B

More people are alive now
than at any time in the past.

Answer: True or False

True

Since the end of World
War II, world population has
been growing more slowly
than in the past.

True or False

False

Most population growth is
presently concentrated in more
developed countries.

True of False

False

More than half of the
people in the world live in
Asia.

True or False

True

Two thousand years ago,
Asia contained about the
same percentage of world
population as it dos now

True or False

True

City X contains
2,000,000 people living on
1,000 square kilometers of
land. The population density
of city X is 200 persons per
square kilometer.

True or False

False

The physiological density
of Egypt is 2,580 persons per
square kilometer, while the
arithmetic density is 75. This
means that most of the
countries land is unsuitable for
intensive agriculture.

True or False

True

A country of 30,000,000
people has a crude birth rate of
10. This means that in one year
3,000,000 babies were born.

True or False

False

The highest crude birth rates
are found in the less developed
countries of Africa, Asia, and
Latin America.

True of False

True

The highest crude death
rates are found in the less
developed countries of Africa,
Asia, and Latin America
.
True or False

False

Relatively few people
inhabit the highlands, yet
some of the world's largest
cities are located in
highlands.

True or False

True

A country in Stage 2 of the
demographic transition is
likely to have higher crude
birth and crude death rates
than a country in Stage 4.

True or False

True

A country in Stage 4 of the
demographic transition is likely
to have a population pyramid
with a flatter base than a
country in Stage 2.

True or False

True

Societies move from Stage 2
to Stage 3 of the demographic
transition because of technical
change, but from Stage 3 to
Stage 4 because of social
change.

True of False

False

According to Malthus,
population increases
geometrically, while food supply
increases arithmetically
.
True or False

True

As the GDP per capita
increases, the crude birth
rate generally ________.

Decreases

As the GDP per capita
increases, the crude death
rate generally ________.

Remains about the same

As the GDP per capita
increases, the natural
increase rate generally
________.

Decreases

The portion of the earths
surface occupied by
permanent human settlement
is called the ________.

Ecumene

What are the four types of
land that lie outside the
ecumene?

1. dry lands
2. wet lands
3. cold lands
4. high lands

Explain why today's more
developed societies moved
from Stage 1 to Stage 2 of the
demographic transition.

new technology that
increased the permanent food
supply and controlled diseases

Explain why today's more
developed societies moved in
the past from Stage 2 to Stage 3
of the demographic transition

people chose to have
fewer children; urbanization

Explain why some of today's
more developed societies have
recently moved from Stage 3 to
Stage 4 of the demographic
transition

women entering the labor
force; lifestyle; diffusion of birth
control techniques; education

Explain why today's less
developed societies moved from
Stage 1 to Stage 2 of the
demographic transition.

diffusion of medical
technology from more developed
countries

How do geographers define
the concept of overpopulation?

The number of people in
an area exceeds the capacity of
the environment to support life at a
decent standard of living.

Explain the controversy
about spatial analysis and the
census.

(Explanation Here)

Why does Mexico have a
lower CDR than the United
States and why does Vietnam
have a lower CDR than
Sweden?

(State why)

Summarize the main stages
of the demographic transition
and the reasons why a society
moves from one stage to
another

(Summarize here)

Compare the birth control
policies in India and China.

(Compere here)

Debate alternate
solutions to the world
population growth problem

(Debate here)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set