American History Mid-term

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23 false 30 true 19 A 12 B 16 C 9 D Short answer: - Why were the 1780s so critical in the history of our nation? - What were the major arguments of the Anti-Federalists? - What was the Connecticut Compromise? - What were the Alien and Sedition Acts? - What flaws in the presidential election system became obvious in the elections of 1796 and 1800? - What were the major differences between the Republicans and the Federalists? - What are the two basic principles of the Monroe Doctrine? - List three…

One outcome of the heated debate over ratification was Madison's promise to introduce a Bill of Rights.

True

Patrick Henry, a leading Patriot during the Revolution, was strongly opposed to the Constitution.

True

The Constitution was eventually ratified unanimously in all thirteen colonies.

False

Checks and balances means "separation of powers."

False

The American Constitution is the first and oldest written constitution in continuous use.

True

One principle that was recognized by the framers of the Constitution was the sinful nature of man.

True

The Constitutional Congress accepted the Virginia Plan over the New Jersey Plan.

False

The small states strongly supported the Virginia Plan.

False

Shay's Rebellion had to to be quelled by military force.

True

George Washington deserves the credit for stopping the Newburgh Conspiracy.

True

George Washington was once offered the chance to become a dictator over the colonies, but he refused.

True

Under the Confederation, the Continental dollar was the only currency printed.

False

A major trouble during the Confederation was an abundance of hard money and a lack of Continental dollars.

False

Jefferson's original proposal to ban slavery in new Northwestern states eventually became law in the Northwest Ordinance.

True

The government under the Confederation was too weak to honor its obligations under the Treaty of Paris.

True

George Washington was the first president elected under the Constitution.

True

The Constitution was ratified in the midst of the American Revolution.

False

The last two major states to ratify the Constitution were Virginia and:

New York

Who was not one of the authors of The Federalist Papers?

Patrick Henry

Who said, "Thus I consent, Sir, to this Constitution because I expect no better, and because I am not sure, that it is not the best"?

Benjamin Franklin

Who wrote, "If men were angels, no government would be necessary"?

James Madison

What unicameral plan did the small states support at the Constitutional Convention?

New Jersey Plan

What bicameral plan did the large states support at the Constitutional Convention?

Virginia Plan

What two factions opposed each other over the issue of representation in Congress?

Large states versus small states

Which state refused to participate in the Constitutional Convention and was the last of the original colonies to ratify the Constitution?

Rhode Island

Which of the following issues did not require major debate in the Constitutional Convention?

Power of the executive

Whose ideas provided much of the framework for the Constitution?

James Madison

What was the most important accomplishment of the Annapolis Convention?

Call a new convention to remedy the weakness of the Confederation

What caused Shay's Rebellion?

Unrest over defaulted farm loans

What caused the Newburgh Conspiracy?

Military discontent over back wages

Which of the following best describes the government under the Articles of Confederation?

Unicameral Congress

What decade was probably the most critical in our nation's history?

1780s

John Adams and Thomas Jefferson remained bitter enemies throughout their lives.

False

John Adams appointed numerous federal judges from his party after the opposing party won the election.

True

The election of 1800 between Jefferson and Adams was a gentlemanly contest that rose above party differences.

False

The war with France was called a "Quasi War" because war was never officially declared.

True

John Adams was the first presidential candidate who faced an opponent.

True

Washington proposed that America "steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world."

True

George Washington's administration was free from armed rebellion.

False

Americans almost universally praised the Jay Treaty.

False

Daniel Boone was a fictional character created by an imaginative writer.

False

President Washington fell for Citizen Genet's charm and intrigues.

False

George Washington eagerly sought a second term as president to advance his prestige and power.

False

The Federalists favored a strong central government.

True

The Founding Fathers assumed that political parties would become instrumental in national politics.

False

The Bill of Rights protected individual liberties from state government.

False

The Judiciary Act of 1789 clearly established the supremacy of the federal courts over the states.

True

What party supported the common people and distrusted centralized government?

Republican

What party supported industry and commerce and believed that the government should be run by property owners?

Federalists

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

Bill of Rights

After he lost the election of 1800, whom did John Adams pick as the chief justice of the Supreme Court?

John Marshall

The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions advocated:

Nullification

The Sedition Acts granted the president the power to:

Prohibit "treasonous" speech

The Alien Acts granted the president the power to:

Expel or imprison immigrants

What situation made Americans willing to accept the Alien and Sedation Acts?

Quasi War

What event encouraged the president to create a Department of the Navy?

Quasi War

With whom did the United States fight an undeclared war during the 1790s?

France

Alexander Hamilton was not nominated as a presidential candidate in the election of 1796 because he:

Had too many enemies

Europeans took advantage of America's weakness during the 1790s by:

Raiding American ships

What caused the Whiskey Rebellion?

Opposition to taxes

The main effect of Jay's treaty was that it:

Averted war with Britain

The United States broke its Treaty of Alliance with France because:

The French had overthrown the old government

Who was generally considered the leader of the early Republican party?

Thomas Jefferson

What issue first opened debate over constitutional interpretation?

Creation of a national bank

What did the South accept in return for locating the national capital in the South?

Assumption of state debts

What Secretary of the Treasury has been called "the greatest administrative genius in America"?

Alexander Hamilton

Which amendment reserves all nondelegated powers to the states and the people?

Tenth

Which amendment is the most fundamental to the Bill of Rights?

First

Which of the following was not accomplished during the first session of Congress?

Proclamation of Neutrality

Who, as the first chief justice of the Supreme Court, negotiated an important peace treaty with Britain?

John Jay

Which of the following was not among the original departments in the executive branch?

Labor

The Republican era was a revolution in almost every sense of the word.

False

Jefferson's first act upon becoming president was to abolish the National Bank.

False

The Monroe Doctrine sill affects America's foreign policy today.

True

The Monroe Doctrine was a joint statement made by the United States and Britain against all other European countries.

False

The Monroe Doctrine stated that the United States should take an active part in European affairs.

False

During the darkest days of the War of 1812, the Federalists hinted that the New England states might secede from the Union.

True

Andrew Jackson exceeded his orders when he captured the capital of Florida.

True

After the War of 1812, America withdrew from a deep involvement in European affairs until World War I.

True

The British captured and burned the American capitol during the War of 1812.

True

American naval squadrons won important victories against the British fleet on both Lake Erie and Lake Champlain.

True

America's opening campaign against Canada in the War of 1812 was a disaster.

True

The United States entered the War of 1812 with almost a quarter million troops.

False

Tecumseh was a bloodthirsty savage who tortured prisoners and attacked women and children.

False

While he was still vice president, Aaron Burr killed Alexander Hamilton and was wanted for murder.

True

Lewis and Clark's heroic two-year journey took them from St. Louis all the way to the Pacific coast and back.

True

The government under Thomas Jefferson purchased a tract of land that was larger than the entire United States.

True

The purchase of the Louisiana Territory was contrary to basic Republican ideals.

True

John Marshall strengthened the power and prestige of the Supreme Court.

True

Jefferson attempted to reduce the size of the national government and to eliminate the national debt.

True

Thomas Jefferson was a devout Christian.

False

Jefferson wanted America to remain an agricultural nation.

True

Thomas Jefferson was a vain, ambitious man whose high-handed actions offended the common people.

False

What city did the British capture after they won the Battle of Bladensburg?

Washington DC

What American was the victor at the Battle of New Orleans?

John Marshall

What tract of land did Napoleon Bonaparte sell to the United States?

Louisiana Territory

What influential chief justice of the Supreme Court handed down numerous landmark decisions?

Andrew Jackson

Who was the talented third president of the United States?

Thomas Jefferson

What was the main provision of the Monroe Doctrine?

No European country may intervene in the Western Hemisphere

What treaty established a permanently disarmed region on America's northern border?

Rush-Bagot Treaty

Who was America's popular president during "the Era of Good Feelings"?

James Monroe

What event led to the death of the Federalist party?

Hartford Convention

What is America's national anthem?

"The Star Spangled Banner"

All of the following occurred during "the Era of Good Feelings" except the:

Treaty of Ghent

Andrew Jackson won fame for all of the following victories except the:

Battle of Lake Erie

What well-designed fort prevented the British from capturing Baltimore?

McHenry

Which of the following events occurred last?

Battle of New Orleans

The Battle of _______ was an astounding victory by a makeshift American fleet.

Lake Erie

During what British attack did an American general surrender his entire force without a fight?

Siege of Detroit

Why was the U.S.S.Constitution called "Old Ironsides"?

Enemy cannonballs bounced off its oak sides

What advantage did the United States enjoy at the beginning of the War of 1812?

The British were tied down in a war with Napoleon

Which of the following events occurred last?

The War of 1812

Tecumseh was a threat to the United States because he:

Attempted to unite the Indian tribes into one nation

What was the first state added from the Northwest Territory?

Ohio

All of the following men were explorers except:

Anthony Wayne

What is another word for "necessary and proper" powers?

Implied powers

Jeffersonian Republicans strongly supported:

States' rights

What president said, "Science is my passion, politics my duty"?

Thomas Jefferson

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