Vocab Chapter 6

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King George III

king of England during the Revolutionary War

Quartering Act

March 24, 1765 - Required the colonials to provide food, lodging, and supplies for the British troops in the colonies.

revenue

the entire amount of income before any deductions are made

Sugar Act

halved the duty on foreign made molasses, placed duties on certain imports, and strenghtened the enforcement of the law allowing prosecutors to try smuggling cases in a vice-admiralty court

Stamp Act

an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents

Patrick Henry

Outspoken member of House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with "Give me liberty or give me death" speech

boycott

To join others in refusing to deal with a person or group

Sons of Liberty

A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. After the repeal of the Stamp Act, many of the local chapters formed the Committees of Correspondence which continued to promote opposition to British policies towards the colonies. The Sons leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere.

Crispus Attucks

Killed in Boston Massacre, black laborer, only African-American person killed in Boston Massacre

writs of assistence

allowed officers to inspect a ships cargo without giving a reason.

Samuel Adams

Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence

Boston Massacre

The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans

John Adams

America's first Vice-President and second President. Sponsor of the American Revolution in Massachusetts, and wrote the Massachusetts guarantee that freedom of press "ought not to be restrained."

comittees of corespondence

Organized network for passing along news of British activty to the colinies.

Boston Tea Party

demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor

militia

civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army

Minuteman

an American militiaman prior to and during the American Revolution

Intolerable Acts

in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troop's in barns and empty houses

First Continental Congress

September 1774, delegates from twelve colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia to discuss a response to the Intolerable Acts

Paul Revere

silversmith whose sketch of the Boston Massacre was propaganda for the patriots; "The British are coming"

Lexington and Concord

first "battles"; meant to get suppies from militia, but shots exchanged between minutemen and the british as the british continued to concord; Americans ambushed british, killing 300

Loyalist

A person who supported the British during the American Revolution (British)

Patriot

one who loves and defends his or her country (American)

Ethan Allen

a soldier of the American Revolution whose troops helped capture Fort Ticonderoga from the British (1738-1789)

artillery

large but transportable armament

Second Continental Congress

They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence

Continental Army

The official army of the colonies, created by second continental congress and led by George Washington

Benidict Arnold

Colonel in Continental Army and good soldier who betrayed the Patriots and helped Britain.

Declaration of Independence

the public act by which the Second Continental Congress, on July 4, 1776, declared the Colonies to be free and independent of England.

Thomas Jefferson

3rd President of the United States

Townshend Acts

1767- Taxes placed on glass, tea, silk, paper, lead. 1770, taxes were dropped but tea tax remained.

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