Chapt. 4A, 4B Vocabulary of Art

37 terms by lynjones

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Line

the path of a moving point

Contour/Outline

defines a 2-D shape

Shape

(2-D) enclosed line

Mass/Form

(3-D) depth, height & width

Light

radiant energy Actual & Implied Digital & electronic

Value

Relative light & dark of a color Chiaroscuro (light & dark)

Vertical Lines Characteristics

indicate growth & strength

Horizontal lines Characteristics

Appear Calm

Diagonal lines Chracteristics

the most dramatic - they imply movement

Figure

Positive shape, a clear separation form the ground (negative shape)

Shading and Modeling

lines that create mass

Hatching

Closely spaced parallel lines

Cross Hatching

parallel lines intersect like a checkerboard

Stippling

Dots spaced close or far apart to suggest darker or lighter areas

Color Wheel

Made up of the colors refracted by Sir Isaac Newton's prism

Hue

Name of the color

Intensity

Relative purity of a color

Primary Colors

Red, Blue, Yellow - mix all 3 and get white light

Monochromatic

Variations of the same hue

Complementary

Opposite colors on the color wheel

Analogous

Hus next to each other on the color wheel

Triadic

3 equally distant colors on the color wheel

Pointillism

Dots of pure color that tend to mix in our eyes to produce the illusion of color mixtures.

Secondary Colors

Green, Orange, Purple

Complementary Colors

Red/Green, Blue/Orange, Yellow/Purple

Color Harmonies

Colors express emotion & create a cultural & or personal response

Intensity/Saturation

Relative purity of a color

Prism

Separates white light into spectral colors (rainbow)

Texture

Surface quality- Actual: you can touch- Implied: painted or drawn

Impasto

Thick paint surface

Pattern

Regular repetition

Space

Actual 3Dimensional space: height, width,depth

Positive/Negative

Figure, ground

Space

2 dimensional space has only height and width - overlapping (foreground, background), position

Linear perspective

lines recede to a vanishing point

Time & Motion

Implied elapsed time

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