WWI Terms- 2nd Half

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34 terms

propaganda

the spreading of ideas that help or hurt a cause

Selective Service

required all men ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft

draft

a law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military

bureaucracy

a system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials

Herbert Hoover

the head of the Food Administration during WWI; encouraged an increase of food production by promoting the idea that "food will win the war"

Liberty Bonds

bonds that were sold to help provide money for war

pacifists

people who refuse to fight in war

socialists

people who support community ownership of property and the sharing of all profits

Great Migration

the movement of many Black-Americans into the North because of the many job opportunities provided by the war industries

Vladimir Lenin

the leader of the Bolsheviks who started the 2nd Russian Revolution (communism)

Bolsheviks

the communist party in Russia that took over the government during the 2nd Russian Revolution

2nd Russian Revolution

during October 1917; Bolsheviks led by Lenin tried to overtake the democratic system and turn Russia into a communist government

Russian Civil War

when anti-communists, "White" Russians, fought the communist government "Reds" after the October Revolution of 1917

Treaty of Brest- Litovsk

the treaty signed by Russia and Germany in 1918 that ended Russia's participation in WWI

America's "Unknown" War

when Wilson sent American troops to support "White Russians" who tried to overthrow the communist revolution

The Red Scare

the fear that spread across the nation that a communist revolution would take place in the U.S.; many threats and people were deported or arrested

German "Peace Offensive"

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American Expeditionary Force

the American troops led by John J. Pershing that fought in Europe during WWI

John J. Pershing

the General who commanded the American Expeditionary Force during WWI

Harlem Hell Fighters

an African American unit that was attached to the French; 369th Infantry

Armistice

an agreement to stop fighting

Abdicate

to give up power

Epidemic

the rapid spread of a contagious disease among a large number of people

Spanish Flu

the epidemic that began to spread in 1918; killed more than 30 million people

Fourteen Points

a peace plan created by Wilson to prevent international problems from causing another war

Self-Determination

the right of national groups to have their own territories and forms of government

League of Nations

an association of nations that had the job of protecting the independence of all countries- large or small

The Big Four

Leaders of Britain, France, Italy, and the U.S. after WWI

Reparations

cash payments for the losses suffered during the war

"Peace without Victory"

Woodrow's goal to end the war without harshly punishing the Germans and other defeated powers

Treaty of Versailles

the most important treaty of Peace of Paris; not accepted by the U.S.

Isolationist

After WWI, Americans who wanted the U.S. to stay out of world affairs

Henry Cabot Lodge

leader who critiqued the League of Nations and Treaty of Versailles because he wanted the U.S. to stop getting involved in wars and European affairs

Sovereignty

the freedom to individuals to exercise rights and functions provided within a territory

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