Politics Test 4 -Finals!

Created by saun6121 

Upgrade to
remove ads

10 terms

Two Characteristics of Political Party Systems

1. GENEALOGY: What parties exist and why they exist in certain systems
2. MORPHOLOGY: How many parties exist. Why some systems are composed of only 2 large parties and some many small parties.

Morphology: Types of party systems by Number and Relative Strength

1. DOMINANT: One party has super-majority of offices for decades at a time.
2. TWO-PARTY: 2 organizations consistently command a combined 90% of the vote and office positions. Neither alone carry more than 50% to 60% of those.
3. MULTI-PARTY: None is majoritarian. 2 or more must pool resources to have a majority coalition.
4. BIPOLAR: combination of two-party and multi-party attributes - from coalitions of parties that form alliances before elections and remain stable

What is a region?

1. An intermediate level of political representation and governance (States, Province, County, Lander)
2. A spatial area within a state encompassing more than one political unit (Prairie Provinces, Eastern Uplands, Home Counties, New England)
3. A supra-national area stretching across state boundaries (The Cordillera, Nuremberg Metro, Yorkshire and the Humber, Great Lakes)

Reasons why Regions exist:

1. MODERNIZATION PARADIGM ( Obsolete remnants of pre-industrial societies and Economic development units)
2.CULTURAL AND MINORITY NATIONALISM (Ethnic minorities with claims of historic nation status; Cultural sensibilities, outlooks, or identities)
3. MARXISM - uneven economic development (Political power structures unequal relations in the marketplace; Capitalism produces regional disparities within developed economies)
4. INSTITUTIONALISM (Election and political party systems in Canada; Constitutional interpretation in US)

Social Movements, Interest Groups, and Political Parties:

SOCIAL MOVEMENT: informal group, loosely coordinated in their actions that use flexible tactics with a minimal leadership group
INTEREST GROUP: organized group of people who seek to ensure that the state follows preferred policy
POLITICAL PARTY: A group of officials, or would-be officials, linked with a group of citizens to ensure that its officials attain power or retain power

Transformation of SM to IG to PP:

• Abolition of Slavery > American Anti-Slavery Society > Republican
• Women's Suffrage > League of Women Voters > Non-partisan

Attributes of Political Culture:

1. POLITICAL BELIEFS: What people think is factually accurate or inaccurate
2. POLITICAL VALUES: What people think is morally right or wrong
3. POLITICAL NORMS: What people must do to receive approbation or avoid sanction

Political Culture of the United States

1. MORALISTIC: Good government is measured by the degree to which it promotes the public good
2. INDIVIDUALISTIC: emphasizes limiting government intervention into private activities
3. TRADITIONALISTIC: Government's role is largely limited to securing the maintenance of the existing social order.

Reasons Government regulates US Economy:

1. PRESERVE: prohibiting unfair competition: price-fixing, collusion, restraints of trade
2. ADJUST/CORRECT: combatting negative side-effects of a market economy: environmental damage, hazardous working conditions, child labor
3. ANTI-MARKET: to serve values as, if not more, important than the market itself: import tariffs to protect domestic employment; preferential hiring, training, retention to diminish racial discrimination
4. NON-ECONOMIC: prohibiting the sale of technologies abroad that could threaten homeland security

Policymaking in the US

1. DEBATE > 2. DECISION > 3. IMPLEMENTATION > 4. IMPACT > 5. FEEDBACK > (beginning)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set