Music Appreciation Final

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What is pitch the quality of?

Highness and lowness of sound

What is another name for pitch?

note

In which language are dynamics generally described?

Italian

Which dynamic indication is the softest?

Pianissimo

Giving the beat an accent means:

making some of the beats more emphatic than others

Any recurring pattern of strong and weak beats is called a:

meter

Placement of accents away from their normal stresses in meter results in:

syncopation

Tempo is the term for the:

speed at which beats follow one another

A metronome is:

a device for keeping the beat

Which set of tempo markings is arranged in order from faster to slower?

allegro, moderato, andante

An interval is:

the distance or difference between two pitches

The set of seven pitches used in western music is called a:

diatonic scale

The chromatic scale consists of:

all white and black keys on the piano and is all half steps

A chord that creates a sense of rest can be described as:

consonant

A chord that sounds discordant, unstable, or in need of resolution is called:

dissonant

The principle of organizing music around a central or "home pitch" is called:

tonality

Though there are exception, music in minor mode can sometimes be described as________, where as that in major mode can sometimes be described as ___________.

sad/happy

Which shows the correct order from lowest range to highest range in the violin family?

double bass, cello, viola, violin

How is sound produces in a brass instrument?

The player's lips vibrate as air is blown between them into the small cup-shaped mouthpiece.

Which lists the brass family in order from the lowest range to the highest range?

tuba, trombone, french horn, trumpet

Which of these instruments is capable of playing melodies?

xylophone

Another term for Gregorian chant is:

plainchant

Who is traditionally associated with collecting and codifying the chants of the church?

Pope Gregory I

The musical term for "voices alone" is:

a cappella

The most convincing and diplomatic composer of Roman Catholic Church music during the Counter-Reformation was:

Josquin Desprez

These refer to the volume (loudness and softness) of sound in a composition or single moment within a composition.

Dynamics

In the Baroque period, rhythm became more:

regular

The term basso continuo refers to:

the bass line and continuous chords of a Baroque composition.

Which 2 instruments would most likely have played in a basso continuo in the Baroque era?

cello and harpsichord

In Baroque music, what is the notational system in which there is a bass line with figures written underneath, that are realized by the basso continuo?

figured bass

Drama set to music is:

opera

Opera provided the perfect vehicle for the Baroque idea of:

expressing the emotions of the individual on emotion at a time.

An aria is:

an extended piece for a solo singer having more musical elaboration and a steadier pulse than recitative.

Which is true of arias?

The singer expresses an emotion in a complete musical piece.

Who are the 3 most important composers of the Baroque period?

Bach, Vivaldi, and Handel

Baroque composers were likely to think of themselves as:

artists, striving for self expression

The 3 main institutions where Baroque composers could make a living were:

the church, the opera house, and the court

In the early 18th century, court musicians had a better sense of new musical trends than church musicians because:

they were required to travel with their employer.

Which instrument family formed the core for the Baroque orchestra?

strings

How many movements does a typical concerto have?

3

In Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, the harpsichord player:

plays both solos and continuo.

The collection of 48 preludes and fugues in every major and minor key by Bach is called:

The Art of Fugue

The Art of Fugue was written by:

Bach

Who composed Julius Caesar?

Handel

Who composed Messiah?

Handel

What is/are the texture(s) of the Hallelujah Chorus from Messiah?

homophony and polyphony

The text of and opera is called>

libretto

The singing style characterized by fast runs and scales, a large pitch range, cadenzas, and virtuosic displays of all sorts is:

coloratura

Handel's most famous oratorio, which is frequently performed today, is:

Messiah

A Lutheran organ composition incorporating a hymn tune is called a:

chorale prelude

Bach had

two wives and many children

During Bach's life he worked for

the court and the church

Bach composed for many purposes, but one unifying theme in his work was that he

composed for the glory of God.

Bach's life was characterized by

hard work, often with deadlines to be met

Stradivarius was a very important

violin maker

A person highly trained and gifted at performing an instrument or singing is a

virtuoso

The Classical style developed principally in:

Vienna

Music during the Enlightenment was meant to:

please and entertain.

The 18th century public concert included principally:

symphonies and concertos

Which new institution supported the development of orchestral music in the 18th century?

the concert hall

The 2 descriptions applicable to most Classical music are:

full of "natural" simplicity and pleasing variety

Which is true of Classical music?

Composers of Classical music worked extensively with dynamics to add variety and flexibility.

Who composed Symphony No. 40 in G minor?

Mozart

The composer of Symphony No. 95 in C minor is:

Haydn

The major genre developed by Classical composers is the:

symphony

The 1st movement in most classical symphonies is generally:

a moderate or fast movement in sonata form

The second movement in most Classical symphonies is generally:

a slow movement with beautiful, relaxing melodies.

The 3rd movement in most Classical symphonies is generally:

in minuet form and triple meter

The last movement in most Classical symphonies if generally:

the fastest, lightest movement in sonata form or rondo form

While in Vienna, Mozart relied on_____ for income.

opera ticket sales

Haydn's career shows:

a combination of the patronage system and the concert system

"Ho capito" from Don Giovanni is from a(n):

opera

Who composed "Ho capito" from Don Giovanni?

Mozart

The favorite featured instrument of the classical sonata was the:

piano

How many movements does a Classical sonata generally have?

3

In the final section of the 1st movement of a classical composition, the soloist performs a solo passage called a :

cadenza

A string quartet consists of:

2 violins, 1 viola, and 1 cello

Italian comic opera is called:

opera buffa

What is the orchestration of Symphony No. 5 in C minor?

strings only

The Heiligenstadt Testament was:

a letter written by Beethoven expressing his feeling principally about his growing deafness.

From what condition did Beethoven suffer?

deafness

Beethoven wrote music in both_____ style and the ______ style.

Classical;Romantic

What European political figure inspired Beethoven to dedicate Eroica Symphony to him (he then removed the dedication)?

Napoleon Bonaparte

With which genre is Beethoven most closely associated?

symphony

According to most sources, which characterizes Beethoven's personality?

brusque and strong willed

According to most sources, Beethoven's personal life was;

somewhat chaotic and lonely

Music scholars divide Beethoven's music into ___ distinct style periods

3

Which is true of the style period of Beethoven?

They progress from Classical to innovative to heroic.

Which composer epitomized the Classical period "enlightenment" composer?

Mozart

Which composer worked for the Esterhazy family for years?

Haydn

Based on the DVD of Beethoven's life, he seems

unkempt and messy

Chamber music can be defined as

music for small ensembles in a private performance

The composer most responsible for elevating music to a new level of self-expression to begin the Romantic era was:

Beethoven

Which describes the emotional goal of music in the 19th century?

a search for freedom of individual self-expression, artistic freedom

Increasingly, the focal point for the performance of romantic music was the:

public concert hall

The composer who started a music magazine (The New Music Journal) to defend the music of the Romantics against public indifference was:

Schumann

The quality most prized by Romantic artists was:

the integrity of the expression of individual feeling

What is chromaticism?

using all twelve notes of the chromatic scale liberally

Romantic treatment of tone color included:

combining and blending different instrumental tone colors in innovative ways with larger orchestras

Compared to the Classical orchestras, the typical Romantic orchestra was:

larger and blended tone colors in new ways.

The important new member of the Romantic orchestra was the:

conductor

Music without singing but derived from poem, story, or other literary source, is called:

program music

In composing a Romantic "grandiose" composition, composers created works with;

more movements, longer length and bigger orchestras

Who composed the Erlking?

Schubert

Erlking is a:

miniature composition

The performing forces of the Erlking are consistent with all German Leid and they are:

one soloist and piano

Who composed the Nocturnes in F sharp?

Chopin

Who composed the Fantastic symphony?

Berlioz

Fantastic symphony is a:

program symphony

Which is true of the 5th movement of Fantastic symphony?

A plainchant melody, Dies Irae, is hear in the selection

Who had the greatest influence on early Romantic composers?

Beethoven

Which of the other arts had the greatest influence on the early Romantic composers?

literature

The lied is a type of:

miniature Romantic composition

Who was the earliest and known at the greatest master of lied?

Schubert

In the 19th century, what instrument was the most likely to be composed for and played as a solo instrument?

piano

Chopin was most noted for composing:

Character pieces for piano

The composer____ is generally regarded as the most flamboyant pianist and greatest virtuosos of the romantic era.

Franz Liszt

Which is true of program music?

It refers to some non-musical idea such as a poetic or literary work

The Fantastic Symphony includes

fixed idea

Who composed Aida?

Verdi

Aida is an:

opera

Who composed the Valkyrie?

Richard Wagner

Who composed Romeo and Juliet

Tchaikovsky

Who composed Pictures of an Exhibition?

Mussorgsky

An orchestral work composed later in the Romantic period in one movement with a free form and with a program is called

program symphony

Swan Lake, The Nutcracker, and Sleeping Beauty are all ballets composed by

Tchaikovsky

Pictures at an exhibition is considered:

program music

Which 2 composers were known for their large orchestras and great orchestration?

Mahler and Berlioz

In Berlioz, Symphony Fantastique, what family of instruments did we hear that we had not heard before much?

percussion

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