History Exam

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170 terms · History

eliminated in the north

After the Revolution, the practice of enslaving African Americans was

Lexington

The American Revolution began when shots were fired at

Hostility between white settlers and Native Americans deepened.

What is one effect of the battles fought on the western frontier during the American Revolution?

Sons of Liberty

Which of the following groups led violent protests against British taxation in the colonies?

The British began to tax the colonists and the colonists began to question British authority.

Which statement best describes British-American relations after the French and Indian War?

John Adams

____ was a Massachusetts lawyer who lead the fight to declare independence from Great Britain.

Stamp Act

Parliament's ____ which taxed printed materials in the colonies, outraged the colonists who believed that only their own representatives should levy taxes.

Second Continental Congress

The ____ represented the American patriots during the American Revolution against Britain's king and Parliament.

Continental Army

George Washington received command of the ____ from the Second Continental Congress.

John Locke and his ideas of Natural Rights

Thomas Jefferson drew heavily on the ideas of ____ when he drafted the Declaration of Independence.

William Howe

British General ____ misjudged the Patriots' position on Bunker Hill and lost many of his troops.

mercenary

The British underestimated how angry the Patriots would be over the presence of German ____ soldiers fighting for Britain.

Battle of Trenton

General Washington's Christmas crossing of the Delaware River helped him win the ____, which boosted Patriot confidence.

Yorktown

With help from the French, the war ended at the Battle of ____.

Treaty of Paris

The ____, which ended the American Revolution, recognized an independent America and set generous boundaries for the United States.

right to pay no tax unless it was levied by their own representatives.

One British principle of government valued by the American colonists was the

West Point on the Hudson River.

A traitor to the American cause almost gave away the secrets plans of the most strategic location in America, it was

The Boston massacre

What incident led Parliament to withdraw nearly all of the Townshend Acts?

wealthy white men

The group that benefited the most from the American Revolution was

The Treaty of Paris of 1783

ceded far more territory to the United States than the colonies had won in the war.

Other republican groups fought to overthrow aristocratic governments.

In what way did the American Revolution affect other countries?

It raised the morale of American troops and gave them hope.

Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill significant?

They thought Patriots were too radical

Which of the following describes Loyalists?

Valley Forge

The site of Washington's harsh winter of 1777-1778 was

The British Occuptation for Yorktown

Which event led to the siege of Yorktown?

February 28, 1782

When did the American Revolution end in the colonies?

persistence to continue fighting.

One of the Patriots' greatest strengths was their

the consent of the governed

According to the Declaration of Independence, where does a government's power come from?

writing defiant pamphlets.

Colonists opposed new British taxes by protesting violently and

Baron von Steuben

Prussian officer that trained the American army

Benjamin Franklin

American Ambassador to France

Adm. Comte De Grasse

French naval officer that prevented the evacuation of Yorktown.

Marquis de Lafayette

popular French General in the Continental Army.

Benedict Arnold

traitor

Gen. Lord Charles Cornwallis

surrendered the British Army at Yorktown.

King George III

"Royal Brute", Tyrant

Nathaniel Greene

American General that lead the patriots at the Battle of Guilford's Courthouse.

The Southern plantation economy depended on slavery.

Why did slavery continue after the Revolution?

Thomas Jefferson

Who drafted the Declaration of Independence?

Both supported the concept that all men are created equal.

What did Paine's Common Sense and Jefferson's Declaration of Independence have in common?

Boston Tea Party

During the _____, American colonists threw the cargoes of several British ships into the harbor

Pontiac's Rebellion

During a series of struggles known as _____, the Ottawa, Potawatomis, and Hurons in the Great Lakes region rebelled against British rule.

Proclamation of 1763

The British Parliament passed the _____ to prevent colonists from settling in the trans-Appalachian region.

Treaty of Paris 1783

The British Parliament passed the _____ to prevent colonists from settling in the trans-Appalachian region.

Monmouth

Immediately following the British withdrawal from Philadelphia, the Continentals proved they were as good as the British troops in the Battle of

support from Native American Tribes

All of the following helped Americans win the War for Independence except

The French surrendered all of Canada to the British.

What was the outcome of the French and Indian War?

The majority of the continental army re-enlisted

As a result of the battle of Trenton,

The Patriot Victory At Saratoga

The French made an open alliance with the United States following

Paine talked about opportunities for the common man.

Why did Thomas Paine's Common Sense inspire colonists?

smooth-bore musket with bayonet

What type of weapon became the standard military weapon of the war?

Outraged colonists protested the new taxes.

What was one effect of new British taxes on colonists?

The Quartering Acts and The Coercive Acts

Which two acts did not include a new tax?

make peace with the king.

The Purpose of the Olive Branch petition was to

They lost large amounts of land

In what way did the American Revolution affect Native Americans?

came to arrest colonial leaders and take colonial weapons.

Fighting began in Lexington and Concord when British troops

strong leadership

Which of the following was an American advantage during the War for Independence?

were breaking the law and should support ther kind

Loyalists believed Patriots

a strong President would gain king-like power

Critics of the Virginia Plan and the new Constitution were concerned that

system of checks and balances

The _________ will keep the president from gaining dictatorial powers.

judicial branch

The _____ is the part of government that interprets the law and determines whether laws have been broken.

bicameral legislature

A(n) _____ consists of two houses, or groups of representatives.

Electoral College

The candidate who receives the majority of votes in the _____ becomes President of the United States.

Articles of Confederation

The _________ was the first government of the United States.

a loose confederation of strong state governments

What type of government did the Articles of Confederation create?

popular sovereignty

Which principle provides for a system in which the government derives its power from the governed?

gave the federal government too much power.

The Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution because they thought it

as proof that only a strong national government could prevent social disorder and rebellion.

Many people throughout America viewed Shays's Rebellion

James Madison

Who of the following was a prominent Federalist?

a lawmaking body with a single house of elected representatives

What is a unicameral legislature?

House of Representatives

Which house of Congress is based on population?

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

Which of the following provided a plan for governing western lands?

a bill of rights

To win support for the Constitution, Federalists promised to add

allowed new settlers to have slaves

The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 did all of the following except

the states

Under the Articles of Confederation, who held most of the power?

imports

On the issue of tariffs, it was finally agreed that Congress could tax

The New Jersey Plan

Which proposal most resembled the Articles of Confederation?

The Electoral College

The President and the Vice President were elected by _______.

the state legislature

Senators were elected by________.

the average voting citizen (the people)

The State Legislatures are elected by ______

the President

Supreme Court Justices are appointed by________.

the average voting citizen (the people)

Members of the Electoral college in each state are selected by _______.

the U.S. Constitution was written

What was accomplished at the Constitutional Convention in 1787?

concentrating too much power in the hands of a few

Antifederalists criticized the Constitution for

settlement of the Northwest Territory

Which was a success of the Articles of Confederation?

Congress could not levy or collect taxes from the states.

Which of the following was a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?

true

The Constitution was eventually adopted by the states.

true

Americans are guaranteed the right to Freedom of Religion, press, speech, and political involvement.

representation in the legislature (The House of Representatives is based on the population of each state and the Senate has two Senators per state regardless of its population)

What issue did the Great Compromise resolve?

Patrick Henry

_____________ was a Anti-Ferderalist

The Virginia Plan

Which plan proposed Representation based on population?

The New Jersey Plan

Which state plan gave all states equal power?

Roger Sherman

Who proposed the Compromise from Connecticut?

William Patterson

Who was the spokesman for the small states from New Jersey?

Edmond Randolf

Who was the Governor of Virginia who vocally supported the Virginia Plan?

Benjamin Franklin

Who worked behind the scenes to get the Compromise passed?

James Madison

Who was called the "Father of the Constitution" and developed the Virginia Plan?

The Great Compromise

The compromise which bases one house on population and the other house on two votes per state (equality per state).

The 3/5 Compromise

This compromise dealt with how slaves were counted for taxation and representation purposes.

separation of powers

Which political theory defines the different responsibilities for each branch of government?

true

The Articles of Confederation prevented any abuse of power.

can be changed

Through the amendment process, the Constitution

confirms judges

In what way does the legislative branch check the power of the judicial branch?

Alexander Hamilton

One of the authors of The Federalist (Essays) was_______.

the gov. is divided into 3 branches

The U.S. Constitution contains which provision from the Virginia Plan?

a strong central government

What did the Federalists want the Constitution to provide?

each state had one vote in congress

Under the Articles of Confederation, small states like Rhode Island, wielded as much power as large states such as Virginia, because

they feared it was too much like a king

Why did some Convention delegates oppose a single executive?

revise the Articles of confederation

The delegates at the Constitutional Convention met to

was closed to slavery

The Northwest Ordinance stated that the Northwest territory

state and national governments share power

Which of the following describes Federalism?

the bill of rights

What was added to the Constitution to guarantee individual citizens rights and gain favor of those opposed to the Constitution?

more representation in Congress for Southern States

The Three-Fifths Compromise resulted in

executive branch/President

Can veto bills of Congress.

legislative/Congress

Can override a veto.

legislative/ Congress

Can impeach members of the other branches.

judicial/ Supreme Court

Can declare acts unconstitutional.

Federal laws are supreme to state laws, if a conflict exists.

Under the Supremacy clause

roused public sentiment against France.

The XYZ Affair

we soundly defeated the British in the last battle

Why did most Americans feel that we won the War of 1812?

leading an invasion of British-held Canada.

A group of young politicians called the War Hawks wanted to restore national honor by

Alien Act

authorized the arrest and deportation of immigrants who criticized the federal government

Democratic Republican

early political party led by Thomas Jefferson

John Jay

negotiated a treaty with England to avoid a costly war.

John Marshall

claimed the power of judicial review for Supreme Court

the 12th Amendment

prevented the Vice President from tying the President in Electoral votes

impressment

taking sailors from their ships and forcing them into duty

Merriweather Lewis and William Clark

Explored the Louisiana Territory (purchase).

War Hawks

Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun

it controlled access to the Gulf of Mexico for all the Western states.

Why was New Orleans an important city in the early 1800s?

captured and burned Washington, D.C.

During their invasion of the United States, British forces

the President and Vice President were not in the same political party.

The Election of 1796 was the only election in American history in which

true

Thomas Jefferson knew the Constitution did not authorize the Federal government to purchase land, but he authorized the Louisiana Purchase anyway.

The size of the United States nearly doubled.

Which of the following was a result of the Louisiana Purchase?

the Louisiana Purchase

Thomas Jefferson changed from being a strict Constructionist to being a Loose Constructionist over the issue of

It showed that the nation seemed certain to endure.

Why was the War of 1812 significant to the United States?

the new government under the Constitution was strong and could put down rebellion.

The Whiskey Rebellion proved that

They drafted the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions.

How did Jefferson and Madison respond to the Alien and Sedition Acts?

establishing the power of judicial review

What was one of John Marshall's important accomplishments as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?

true

The Britsih navy actually attacked the USS Chesapeake during peacetime.

false

Jefferson's Embargo Act of 1807 was generally successful.

the Cabinet

The heads of the Executive departments are known as

The Bank of the United States

Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson clashed the most over this

The Whiskey Rebellion

This was a significant challenge to the new Federal government

the Democratic Republicans

the political group led by Jefferson and Madison.

precedants

statements or acts to be followed in the future.

loose construction

belief that if the Constitution does not prohibit you from doing something then you can do it.

strict construction

belief that if the Constitution does not authorize you to do something then you can not do it

General Anthony Wayne's victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers

Which event turned the tide of the conflict in the Ohio Valley?

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