5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- urban realm
- agricultural surplus
- urban sprawl
- a unrestricted growth in many American urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land, with little concern for urban plannin
- b one of two components, together with social stratification, that enable the formation of cities; agricultural production in exess of that which the producer needs for his or her own sustenance and that of his or her family and which is then sold for consumption by others
- c a spatial generalization of the large, late-20th-century city in the US. It is shown to be a widely dispersed, multicentered metropolis consisting of increasingly independent zones or realms, each focused on its own suburban downtown; the only exception is the shrunken central realm, which is focused on the Central Business District (CBD)
- d a subsidiary urban area surrounding and connected to the central city. Many are exclusively residential; others have their own commercial centers or shopping malls.
- e conglomeration of people and buildings clustered together to serve as a center of politics, culture, and economics
5 Multiple choice questions
- restricted neighborhoods or subdivisions, often literally fenced in, where entry is limited to residents and their guests. Although predominantly high-income based, in North America gated communities are increasingly a middle-class phenomenon.
- the rehabilitation of deteriorated, often abandoned, housing of low-income inner-city residents
- areas of a city, the main purpose of which is to encourage people to consume goods and services; driven primarily by the global media industry
- the transformation of an area of a city into an area attractive to residents and tourists alike in terms of economic activity.
- chronologically the third urban hearth, dating to 2200 BCE
5 True/False questions
Sunbelt phenomenon → movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions (perceived and actual). In North America, the process began in the early 19th century and became a mass phenomenon by the second half of the 20th century
concentric zone model → developed by geographers Ernst Griffin and Larry Ford, a model of the Latin American city showing a blend of traditional elements of Latin American culture withe the forces of globalization that are reshaping the urban scene.
world city → dominant city in terms of its role in the global political economy. Not the world's biggest city in terms of population or industrial output, but rather centers of strategic control of the world's economy
Mesoamerica → region of great cities (Ur and Babylon) located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; chronologically the first urban hearth, dating to 3500 BCE, and which was founded in the Fertile Crescent
urban morphology → the study of the physical form and structure of urban places