5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- social stratification
- world city
- a one of two components, together with agricultural surplus, which enables the formation of cities; the differentiation of society into classes based on wealth, power, production, and prestige
- b literally, "high point of the city." The upper fortified part of an ancient Greek city, usually devoted to religious purposes
- c a discriminatory real estate practice in North America in which memebers of minority groups are prevented from obtaining money to purchase homes or property in predominantly white neighborhoods. The practice derived its name from the red lines depicted on cadastral maps used by real estate agents and developers. Today, redlining is officially illegal.
- d dominant city in terms of its role in the global political economy. Not the world's biggest city in terms of population or industrial output, but rather centers of strategic control of the world's economy
- e rapid change in the racial composition of residential blocks in American cities that occurs when real estate agents and others stir up fears of neighborhood decline after encouraging people of color to move to previously white neighborhoods. In the resulting outmigration, real estate agents profit through the turnover of properties.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- chronologically the second urban hearth, dating to 3200 BCE
- region of great cities (Ur and Babylon) located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; chronologically the first urban hearth, dating to 3500 BCE, and which was founded in the Fertile Crescent
- region adjacent to every town and city within which its influence is dominant
- outlined by a group of architects, urban planners, and developers from over 20 countries, an urban design that calls for development, urban revitalization, and suburban reforms that create walkable neighborhoods with a diversity of housing and jobs
- in a model urban hierarchy, the idea that the population of a city or town will be inversely proportional to its rank in the hierarchy
5 True/False Questions
first urban revolution → movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions (perceived and actual). In North America, the process began in the early 19th century and became a mass phenomenon by the second half of the 20th century
disamenity sector → chronologically the fifth urban hearth, dating to 200 BCE
urban morphology → a spatial generalization of the large, late-20th-century city in the US. It is shown to be a widely dispersed, multicentered metropolis consisting of increasingly independent zones or realms, each focused on its own suburban downtown; the only exception is the shrunken central realm, which is focused on the Central Business District (CBD)
Mesoamerica → in ancient Greece, public spaces where citizens debated, lectured, judged each other, planned military campaigns, socialized, and traded.
central place theory → the urban area that is not suburban; generally, the older or original city that is surrounded by newer suburbs