← Chapter 9 Vocab Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- edge cities
- social stratification
- agricultural village
- urban sprawl
- a unplanned slum developments on the margins of cities, dominated by crude dwellings and shelters made mostly of scrap wood, iron, and even pieces of cardboard
- b a term introduced by American journalist Joel Garreau in order to describe the shifting focus of urbanization in the US away from the Central Business District (CBD) toward new loci of economic activity at the urban fringe. These cities are characterized by extensive amounts of office and retail space, few residential areas, and modern buildings (less than 30 years old).
- c A relatively small, egalitarian village, where most of the population was involved in agriculture. Starting over 10,000 years ago, people began to cluster in agricultural villages as they stayed in one place to tend their crops.
- d one of two components, together with agricultural surplus, which enables the formation of cities; the differentiation of society into classes based on wealth, power, production, and prestige
- e unrestricted growth in many American urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land, with little concern for urban plannin
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product (GNP); as opposed to a formal economy
- chronologically the third urban hearth, dating to 2200 BCE
- in ancient Greece, public spaces where citizens debated, lectured, judged each other, planned military campaigns, socialized, and traded.
- the external locational attributes of a place; its relative location or regional position with reference to other nonlocal places
- homes bought in many American suburbs with the intent of tearing them down and replacing them with much larger homes often referred to as McMansions.
5 True/False Questions
primate city → a country's largest city- ranking atop the urban hierarchy- most expressive of the national culture and usually (but not always) the capital city as well.
city → the internal physical attributes of a place, including its absolute location, its spatial character and physical setting
new urbanism → movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions (perceived and actual). In North America, the process began in the early 19th century and became a mass phenomenon by the second half of the 20th century
Huang He (Yellow) and Wei (Yangtzi) → rivers in present day China; it was at the confluence of the Huang He and Wei Rivers where chronologically the fourth urban hearth was established around 1500 BCE
Mesoamerica → chronologically the fifth urban hearth, dating to 200 BCE