5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- new urbanism
- social stratification
- first urban revolution
- a movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions (perceived and actual). In North America, the process began in the early 19th century and became a mass phenomenon by the second half of the 20th century
- b the innovation of the city, which occurred independently in five separate hearths
- c the external locational attributes of a place; its relative location or regional position with reference to other nonlocal places
- d one of two components, together with agricultural surplus, which enables the formation of cities; the differentiation of society into classes based on wealth, power, production, and prestige
- e outlined by a group of architects, urban planners, and developers from over 20 countries, an urban design that calls for development, urban revitalization, and suburban reforms that create walkable neighborhoods with a diversity of housing and jobs
5 Multiple choice questions
- the urban area that is not suburban; generally, the older or original city that is surrounded by newer suburbs
- the very poorest parts of cities that in extreme cases are not even connected to regular city services and are controlled by gangs or drug lords.
- the entire built-up, nonrural area and its population, including the most recently constructed suburban appendages. Provides a better picture of the dimensions and population of such an area than the delimited municipality (central city) that forms its heart.
- a country's largest city- ranking atop the urban hierarchy- most expressive of the national culture and usually (but not always) the capital city as well.
- economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product (GNP); as opposed to a formal economy
5 True/False questions
shantytowns → homes bought in many American suburbs with the intent of tearing them down and replacing them with much larger homes often referred to as McMansions.
Indus River Valley → chronologically the third urban hearth, dating to 2200 BCE
Mesoamerica → chronologically the fifth urban hearth, dating to 200 BCE
gated communities → a term introduced by American journalist Joel Garreau in order to describe the shifting focus of urbanization in the US away from the Central Business District (CBD) toward new loci of economic activity at the urban fringe. These cities are characterized by extensive amounts of office and retail space, few residential areas, and modern buildings (less than 30 years old).
McMansions → homes referred to as such because of their "super size" and similarity in appearance to other such homes; homes often built in place of tear-downs in American suburbs