# PT Final Exam Review

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### Scalar

A quantity that is fully specified by measuring its size is called a:

### Stress

Tension, compression, bending and twisting are kinds of mechanical:

### Direction

A resultant force has both magnitude and:

### Weight

The measure of gravitational pull is:

### Newtons or kilogram weight

The SI units of mechanical force are:

### 45 lb×ft

A 30 lb. force applied to the end of a 1.5 ft wrench produces a torque of:

### T=F×L

The formula for torque (T) is:

### 2 lbs

Dave and Deborah push a cart with a force of 5 lb. and 7 lb. respectively, in the opposite direction. The magnitude of the resultant is:

### 15 lbs

Bill and Mary push a cart with a force of 6 lb. and 9 lb. respectively, in the same direction. The magnitude of the resultant is:

### 15 lbs

Kevin and Sandy push a cart with a force of 7 lb and 8 lb. respectively, in the same direction. The magnitude of the resultant is:

### 30 lb×ft

A 20 lb. force applied to the end of a 1.5 ft. wrench produces a torque of:

T=F x L

### Rotational

Torque is a measure of what kind of force?

### 36 lb×ft

A 20 lb. force applied to the end of a 1.8 ft. wrench produces a torque of:

T=F x L

### Pneumatic or hydraulic

All fluid systems can be classified as either:

### Fluid

What is a gas or a liquid that conforms to the shape of its container?

### Liquid

A hydraulic system uses:

### Specific gravity

In fluid systems the quantity that has no units is:

### Absolute pressure

Total pressure above zero pressure is:

### 14.7 lb/in²

Sea level air pressure is:

### Water

The basic reference for density is:

### Mass divided by volume

Density is equal to:

### Density times volume

Mass is equal to:

### Specific gravity

A hydrometer measures:

### Lb/in²

A unit of pressure is:

Pressure equals:

### N/m²

An SI unit of pressure is:

### A battery

The most common source of DC voltage is:

### Anode

A term that pertains to DC voltage is:

### Source

In a circuit, the battery would be the:

### Control element

In a circuit, the switch would be the:

In a circuit, the lamp would be the:

### AC

Which of the following does NOT refer or pertain to batteries?

### 18 volts

Three 6-volt batteries connected in series would produce a voltage of:

### 15 volts

A 9-volt and a 6-volt battery connected in series would produce:

### 24 volts

Two 9-volt and one 6-volt batteries connected in series would produce:

### 3 volts per lamp

A series circuit containing one 6-volt battery and two identical lamps would produce a voltmeter reading of:

### 6 volts per lamp

A parallel circuit containing one 6-volt battery and two lamps would produce a voltmeter reading of:

### Oscilloscope

Voltage difference is measured with a/an:

### DC Volts

To measure the strength of a battery, set the multimeter function to:

### Warmer regions to cooler regions

Heat energy moves from:

### Heat

Temperature depends on the presence or absence of:

### Dry ice (-196°C)

The substance with the LEAST energy of molecular motion would be:

### Heat

Which of the following is a form of energy?

### 68 ⁰F

Room temperature would be approximately:

### -6.7⁰C

20⁰F is equal to:

T ⁰C = 5/9 (T ⁰F- 32)

100C⁰ equals:

### 42.2⁰C

108⁰F equals how many degrees Celsius?

T ⁰C=5/9(T ⁰F-32)

### 226.4⁰F

108⁰C equals how many degrees Fahrenheit?

T⁰F = 9/5(T⁰C)+32

### The object remains in place

Which of the following is NOT an effect of mechanical work on an object?

### 1000 ft×lbs

A vertical force raises a 200 lb. Barbell 5 ft. The amount of work done is:

W=F x d

### None

How much work is being done by a person holding a 60 pound suitcase 18 inches above the floor?

### Radius of the circle in which the force is applied.

The prime mover in an angular mechanic system is called torque which is determined by multiplying the force applied, by the lever arm. The lever arm is equal to the:

### Angle moved through

Work done by a torque is equal to the torque applied times the:

The length of the radius of a circle measured on the circumference is one:

### 37680 joules

How much work is done while an electric motor drives a pump through 40 revolutions, given the motor delivers 150 N×m of torque?

W=T x ∅

### 10.4 meters

520 N×m of work is done when a 50 Newton force is moved a distance. How far is the load moved?

W=F x d

### 2070 in×lb

A wrench with an 18 inch handle turns through an angle of 2.3 radians while a force of 50 lbs. is applied to the end of the handle. How much work is done?

T=F x L

W=T x ∅

### 240

Two hundred Newtons of force are required to lift a mass 1.2 meters above the floor. How many Newton.meters of work are done?

W=F x d

### 9.0 × 10⁴ N×m

A loaded cart is pulled a distance of 100 meters by an electric truck that exerts 900 Newtons of force to pull the cart at a constant speed. If the 100 meters is covered in 12 seconds, how much work is done?

W=F x d

### 900 ft×lbs

A vertical force raises a 150 lb. box 6 ft. The amount of work done is:

W=F x d

### 129.5

37 Newtons of force are required to lift a mass 3.5 meters above the floor. How many Newton.meters of work is done?

W=F x d

### Reused

The hydraulic brake system in most cars can be described as a closed fuel system because the fluid is:

### Multiplying .7854 x d²

The cross sectional area of a cylinder can be found by:

### Pressure times change in volume

In fluid systems, the work equation may take two forms: work equals pressure difference times fluid volume moved, or work equals:

### It is a way to distinguish between torque and work units

In the English system of units, why is torque expressed in lb×ft and work in ft×lb

### .045 N×m

A pressure of 200 N/m² is applied to a pneumatic cylinder that has a piston with a 3 cm diameter and a 0.32 m stroke. How much fluid work can be done in one piston stroke?

W=P(∆V)

V=.7854d² (l)

### Weight Density

The work required to lift water from a lake to a tank above the lake is given by the formula W=∆P×V. To find the pressure difference (∆P), you must know the height (h) of the lift as well as the:

### 56.6%

A box weighing 200 pounds is pushed 8 inches on to a conveyor belt by the shaft on a hydraulic cylinder. The cylinder has a 3 inch diameter and a pressure of 50lb/in2 applied to move the piston and shaft. How efficient is the system?

W=F x d

W= ∆pV

V = .7584d²(l)

% Eff = W₀/W₁

A = 7854d²

### 4 × 10⁵ N×m

A pump lifts 2 cublic meters (m³) of water through a pressure difference of 2 × 10⁵N/m². How much fluid work is done by the pump?

W= ∆PV

### 4071.5 cm³

An engine has eight cylinders each has a bore (diameter) of 9 centimeters and a stroke of 8 centimeters. What is the engines's displacement in cubic centimeters?

V = .7584d²(l)

### 500 joules/cylinder

In an engine where each cylinder is ten centimeters in diameter and has a stroke of twelve centimeters, how much work can be done by each cylinder if combustion produces 530.56 x 10³ N/m² of pressure in each cylinder when the spark plug fires?

V = .7854d²(l)

W= ∆pV

### 62.4 lb/ft³

160 lb/ft² of pressire is required to lift a certain liquid 25 feet from a tank car to a storage tank. What is the weight density of the liquid?

∆p= pwh

### 15 ft×lb

A hydraulic cylinder rod is moved 1 ft. by pressure of 60 lb/ft². What is the amount of fluid work done if 0.25 ft³ of oil is displaced?

W = p(∆V)

### .253 N×m

A pressure of 300 N/m² is applied to a pneumatic cylinder that has a piston with a 5 cm diameter and a 0.43 m stroke. How much fluid work can be done in one piston stroke?

W=P(∆V)

V = .7854d² (l)

### 6.25 × 10¹⁸ electrons

The coulomb is a unit of electrical charge that is made up of:

### Amount of charge moved/second

Current is defined as:

### Voltage

The force like quantity in the equation for electrical work is:

### Amperes

The rate of movement of electrical charge is measured in:

### 5000 joules

5,760 joules of electric work is done on an electric motor that is connected to an overhead crane that lifts steel "I" beams. each beam weighs 2,000 Newtons and is lifted a height of 2.5 meters, how much work is done by the motor while lifting on the beam? W=F x d

### 80%

An electric motor does 800 Nm of useful work while it uses 1000 joules of electrical energy. The efficiency of the motor is:

%Eff.= W₀/W₁ x 100

### 15 coulombs

A 12-volt battery does 180 volt coulombs of work. How much charge has been moved?

W=Vq

### Joule

One coulomb of charge times one bolt is equal to one:

### 50 coulombs

A battery-powered windshield wiper motor is activated for 10 seconds and draws a current of 5 amps at a voltage of 12 volt. The total amount of charge moved is:

I = q/t

### 6 volts

Forty eight thousand joules of work is done in an electrical circuit when 8,000 coulombs of electrical charge is moved. What voltage difference causes the charge to move?

W = Vq

### 750000 joules

An electric motor that is connected to an overhead crane lifts stacks of reinforcement rods. Each stack of rods weighs 3,000 Newtons. How much work is done by the motor if it lifts 5 stacks of rods 50 meters?

E=F x d

### 80%

An electric motor does 317 Nm of useful work while it use 400 joules of electrical energy. The efficiency of the motor is approximately:

%Eff.= W₀/W₁ x 100

### 8.18 volts

27 thousand joules of work is done in an electrical circuit when 3,300 coulombs of electrical charge is moved. When voltage difference causes the charge to move?

W= Vq

### Decelerating

A negative sign in front of an acceleration would indicate the object is:

### Measuring acceleration

In the English system of units, ft/sec² indicates a unit for:

### Buckshot fired from a gun

Which of the following is associated with linear rate?

### The shaft of an electric drill

Which of the following is associated with a rotational rate?

### Direction and time

Angular rate is expressed in which terms?

### Meters per second

When using the international system of units (SI), the mechanical rate is measured in:

### A jet airplane accelerating down a runway

Which of the following has a linear rate?

### 9.8 meters per second squared

In the SI system, the acceleration of gravity is:

### Number of items produced per unit of time.

Production rate is the:

### A deceleration

Negative acceleration is also referred to as:

### Revolutions per minute

The term RPM refers to:

### Rate = Displacement-like Quantity / Elapsed Time

The general unifying equation for expressing rate is:

### V = I/t

A letter definition, or equation, for linear speed is:

### Appear to stand still

A wheel is turning at a rate of 240 RPM. A strobe light is set at 240 FPM. Which one best describes what will happen? The wheel will:

### 2 feet per second

A box placed on a conveyor belt, moving at a constant speed, travels 240ft in 2 minutes. What is the speed of the box and the conveyor in feet per second?

V = I/t

### 50 miles per hour

A bus changes speed frequently. The total distance it travels is 850 miles. The total driving time is 17 hours. What is the average speed of the bus?

V = I/t

A brake is applied to a flywheel for 5 seconds, reducing the angular velocity of the flywheel from 2.2 rads/second to 1.8 rads/second. What is the angular acceleration of the flywheel?

a = (Vf - Vi)/t

### Magnitude and direction

A vector must have:

### Mass-flow

Fluid-flow rate units such as "kg per min" or "gm per sec" are units of:

### Volume

A unit of measure, such as "gal" or "liter" is a unit of:

### A "volume or Mass"-flow rate

A rate associated with a fluid system:

### The flow rate is inversely proportional to the distance traveled

When gasses are compressed, storage tanks should be located as close to the point of use as possible because:

### 833

A supertanker loaded with 1.5 million gallons of crude oil is to unload at an offshore discharge buoy. The ship pump can discharge the oil in 30 hours. What is the volume flow rate of crude oil in gallons per minute?

Qv = V/t

### 2.5 gallons per hour

IF a leak in a faucet causes a water loss of 120 gallons in two days, what is the volume flow rate per hour? Qv = V/t

### 3 gal/hour

If a leak in a water line causes the loss of 144 gallons in 2 days, what is the volume-flow rate of the leak?

Qv = V/t

### 920 gallons

A bath tub faucet drips 200 gallons in ten days. How many gallons will have been lost in 46 days? Qv = V/t

### 5 cubic inches/sec

A weir gage, with a cross-sectional area of 10 square inches at a height of 3 inches at the weir is being used to measure liquid flow. If the float takes 20 seconds to move 10 inches. what is the volume flow rate in the weir?

V = Al
Qv = V/t

### 2 gallons per second

If a factory produces 120 gallons of hydrogen peroxide per minute, how many gallons of hydrogen peroxide are produced per second Qv = V/t

### 380,952

A supertanker loaded with 2 million gallons of crude oil run aground and begins to leak oil. The leak causes the ship to lose 15,873 gallons per hour. How many gallons of oil will be spilled during a 24 hour period? Qv = V/t

### 2160

A toilet leaks 1 gallon of water every 20 minutes. Approximately how many gallons will be lost in a month? Qv = V/t

### One coulomb per second

One ampere equals:

### .001 amperes

One milliampere of electric current equals:

### 1 × 10⁻⁶ amperes

One microampere equals:

### ½ ampere

500 milliamperes equals:

### D.C. voltage

A DMM is often used to measure:

### 60 coulombs

Find the charge that flows through an electric iron in 10 seconds if the iron is rated at 6 amperes. I = q/t

### 6.25 × 10¹⁸

A generator produces a current of one ampere. How many electrons are induced in the coils in one second?

### 4950 hertz

A function generator changes frequency from 50 to 5000 Hz. What is ∆f?

### Voltage waveform

An oscilloscope can be used to measure the period of a:

### Oscilloscope

The frequency of a voltage can be measured with an:

### Voltage increments

The vertical volts per division control of an oscilloscope is used to adjust the:

### 420 coulombs

Find the charge that flows through an electric toaster in 1 minute if the toaster is rated at 7 amperes.

I = q/t

### One calorie

The amount of heat required to raise one gram of water one Celsius degree is:

### Heat energy

A calorie is a unit of:

### Latent heat

When a substance (such as water) goes from a solid to a liquid state without a change in temperature, the heat added during the transformation is called:

### One calorie per gram Celsius degree

The specific heat of water is:

### Temperature

A Cromel and Constantan Thermocouple used to measure:

### Celsius degrees

In the SI system, temperature difference is expressed in:

### Constantan and chromel

Type 'E' thermocouples are made from:

### 4000 Btus per hour

A toaster element produces 2000 Btus of heat energy in 30 minutes. What is the heat-flow rate?

A device used to contain and store heat energy is called a:

### QH

Heat-flow rate is represented by:

### 300000 Btus

A heater is rated a 25,000 Btu/hr. What is the heat energy generated in 12 hours in a 144 square foot room?

QH = H/t

### 10 Btus/Fahrenheit degree

The heat capacity of 10 pounds of water is :

### Zero degrees Celsius

When using type "E" thermocouples in laboratory experiments, what reference temperature is used to construct the temperature chart?

### Drag force

For an object moving through a fluid, streamlining is a way to reduce:

### Kinetic friction

Rolling friction is a type of:

### Teardrop

Which of the following shapes is most streamlined?

### 15 lb.

A wooden crate that weighs 50 lb. is pilled across a wooden floor at a constant speed. The coefficient of friction for wood on wood is 0.3. What is the frictional force necessary to keep the crate moving?

F = µN

### 0.4

It takes a fore of 20 lb. to move a 50 lb. wooded crate across a stone floor. What is the coefficient of friction for wood on stone? F = mN

### Newton

What is the SI unit that represents force?

### 2800 lb.

The weight of a truck is 4000 lb. and is parked on a wet concrete loading ramp. Another truck bumps into it and slides it our of position. What force was necessary to overcome friction? Static friction of rubber on wet concrete is 0.7.

F = µN

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