Southern Colonies chapter 7

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George Calvert

aka Lord Baltimore, member of the Virginia Company, asked King Charles I for a charter for a new colony along Chesapeake Bay, north of Virginia

Cecilius Calvert

George Calvert's son, aka Lord Baltimore & owner of new colony, Maryland

constitution

a written plan of government

1712

Carolina colony splits into 2 new colonies, North & South Carolina

James Oglethorpe

wealthy English leader who came up with idea to send imprisoned English debtors to settle area south of South Carolina to defend land from French & Spanish. He & partners got charter for land &named colony Georgia after the King George II

backcountry

frontier land between Coastal Plain & Appalachian Mountains

debtor

people who owed money

1632

Lord Baltimore founds Maryland colony

1733

James Oglethorpe founds Georgia colony, last of 13 colonies

reason Maryland founded

refuge for Catholics & to make $

Virginia

royal colony controlled by King

Carolina colony difficult to govern

charter divided among 8 English leaders or the Lords Proprietors, area was huge & colonists ignored laws they didn't like. North was hilly, South was flat, swampy

Southern colonies

Virginia, MAryland, North Carolina, South Carolina & Georgia

indentured servents

many settled in Maryland

Enslaved Africans

arrived with West Indies settlers in South Carolina

Conflicts with American Indians

Europeans displaced American Indian tribes that lived in the area that became the Southern Colonies

institutionalize

a part of life

planter

plantation owners

overseer

people hired by plantation owners to watch over field slaves as they worked

Anthony Johnson

former slave who bought land in Virginia in 1640's

Spanish Florida

Place where runaway slaves found help from Seminole Indians

Fort Mose

1n 1738, Spanish governor set up this town for free Africans

1619

first Africans arrive in Virginia

1750

about 200,000 slaves live in Southern Colonies

1729

Baltimore, Maryland founded

1740's

Charles Town, South Carolina exports 30 million lbs of rice/year

indigo

important cash crop of South Carolina, plant was used to make blue dye

interdependence

depending on others for goods or services

broker

pesron who is paid to buy & sell for someone else

Eliza Lucas Pinckney

developed indigo plant in South Carolina after 3 years of experiments, became important cash crop

Baltimore, Maryland

busy port exporting grain & tobaccomajor center for shipbuilding

Wilmington, North carolina

importing shipping center for forest products

Reaction of enslaved

resisted slavery, attempted to escape, preserved culture by telling stories about Africa & singing African songs

Reason for few schools

far distances between plantations

tobacco

cash crop of Maryland, Virginia & North Carolina

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