Within Ethernet frame types, the ____ signals to the receiving node that data is incoming and indicates when the data flow is about to begin.
The Ethernet II frame type contains a 2-byte ____ field that differentiates it from other Ethernet frame types.
A hardware component that can be changed without disrupting operations is known as ____.
Given their long-distance capabilities, 10GBase-ER and 10GBase-EW are best suited for use on ____.
All Ethernet networks, independent of their speed or frame type, use an access method called ____.
The 10GBase-T standard is considered a breakthrough for transmitting 10 Gbps over ____ medium.
1000Base-T is a standard for achieving throughputs ____ times faster than Fast Ethernet over copper cable.
STP (Spanning Tree Protocol)
To eliminate the possibility of a broadcast storm, switches and bridges implement the ____.
Each time a computer starts up, the device drivers for all its connected peripherals are loaded into ____.
T/F: In data networks, the task of directing information efficiently to the correct destination is handled by connectivity devices, primarily switches and routers.
____ are combinations of networking hardware and software that connect two dissimilar kinds of networks.
T/F: A network's access method is its method of controlling how network nodes access the communications channel.
Devices that connect two network segments by analyzing incoming frames and making decisions about where to direct them based on each frame's MAC address.
A switch running in this mode reads the entire data frame into its memory and checks it for accuracy before transmitting the information.
Plugs into a port and crosses over the transmit line to the receive line so that outgoing signals can be redirected into the computer for testing.
A switch running in this mode reads a frame's header and decides where to forward the data before it receives the entire packet.
As part of CSMA/CD, a process known as ____________________ allows the NIC issue a special 32-bit sequence that indicates to the rest of the network nodes that its previous transmission was faulty and that those data frames are invalid.
Because of its support for multiple Network layer protocols and because it uses fewer bytes as overhead, ____________________ is the frame type most commonly used on contemporary Ethernet networks.
A(n) ____________________ is software that enables an attached device to communicate with the computer's operating system.
A network ____________________ is the part of a network to which segments and significant shared devices connect.
A router that directs data between nodes on an autonomous LAN (or one owned and operated by a single organization) is known as a(n) ____________________ router.
A computer's ____________________ is the circuit, or signaling pathway, used by the motherboard to transmit data to the computer's components, including its memory, processor, hard disk, and NIC.
____________________ is a component of a network's logical topology that determines how connections are created between nodes.
In a(n) ____________________ topology, every node on the network is connected through a central device, such as a hub, router, or switch.