SS Chapter 17 Vocab on Exam

Created by briansmith2000 

Upgrade to
remove ads

43 terms · only chapter 17 words on exam- middle east

irrigation

process of collecting water and distributing it to the crops

polytheism

belief in more that 1 god

theocracy

form of government in which the leader claims to rule on behalf of god

monotheism

belief in 1 god

covenant

agreement

Abraham

a herder that lived in Mesopotamia around 1800 BC

prophet

messenger of god

Moses

prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt, moved water in Red Sea to pass, received 10 commandments

Ten Commandments

gods laws that Moses received

King David

leader who created an all Jewish territory; made the Western Wall

Israel

one of the Jewish homelands Jerusalem is capital

Judah

place where people were called Jews

Jewish diaspora

scattering of the jews

Jesus

gods son that Christians believe rose from the dead

New Testament

stories about Jesus; 2nd part of Bible

Muhammad

a merchant in Makkah(Mecca), trading center

Allah

one god that Muslims worship(Islam)

Quran

Islam's holy book

Hejira

the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era

caliph

successor to Muhammad

"All believers are equal"

Islam

Zionists

people who wanted to create a safe homeland for the Jews

Arab- Israeli wars

Suez war, 6 day war(israel won a got west bank, sinai peninsula, east Jerusalem, gaza strip, and Golan heights

al Queda

terrorist group that was used with 9-11

Osama Bin Laden

leader of al Queda and 9-11

Iran/Iraq war

major cause of it was the longstanding rivalry between Arab Iraq and Persian Iran. Involed a border dispute

taliban

government when the 9-11 attacks occurred

Hajj

pilgrimage to Mecca, 1 of 5 pillars of faith

Ramadan

Islamic fasting for a month from sunup to sundown, reach out to poor

Mecca/Makkah

place of worship education, place where Koran is

Sabbath day is Friday to Saturday

Judaism

Sabbath day is Sunday

Christianity

.Sabbath day is Friday

Islam

Easter, Christmas

Christianity Holidays

Hanukkah, Bar/Bat Mitzvah,Yom Kippur

Jewish Holidays

Ramadan

Islam Holiday

5 pillars

pray 5 times a day facing Mecca, fasting, believe in the one god Allah, Give to those in need, fasting, Hajj

Islam dietary laws

no pork, no alcohol

Jewish dietary laws

no pork, kosher no meat and dairy at same time

Yom Kippur

day of Attoment

mosque

Islamic house of worship

calligraphy

act of beautiful writing

bazaar

local marketplace

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set