10th Grade World History - 1st semester exam study guide

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Final Exam.

what is the term for the man-made items that the sources used to study history?

artifacts

.which of the following is not a primary source?
Textbook.

artifacts, tradition, written records

What is the most type of primary source?

written records

What is the division of labor that is part of the culture of every city?

specialization

Whose human effort did God use to save mankind from the universal flood

Noah's

Who committed the first murder?

cain

Through which son of Adam and Eve did the line of Christ come

seth

Who were the first people to live in cities.

cainites

What is the Christian's best reason for valuing the study of history?

Declare the Glory of God

What is the goal of the human history.?

Redemption through Christ.

What are the two seeds that would have conflict after the fall of man.

Seed of the woman
seed of the serpent

Every aspect of every human (body,mind,will, and emotions) has been stained by the fall.

Human Depravity

There is no event that is out of God's control or that does not help to accomplish his purpose for this world

Divine providence

The division of labor that is part of the culture of every city.

Specialization

God is in complete and permanent authority over this world. Whatever opposition he has faced in history, he has chosen to face so that he may use it for his own purposes.

divine sovereignty

The perspective from which one examines and interprets the universe.

World view

The Hyksos rule of Egypt is important because of their introduction of the art of war to the Egyptians.

True

The laws of Hammurabi were based on the theme of retaliation.

True

What civilization is associated with hieroglyphics?

Egyptians

What discovery enabled scholars to decipher hieroglyphics?

The Rosetta stone

Sumerian writing, which used a wedge-shaped stylus to make impressions on wet clay was called what?

Cuneiform

what were the three promises of the Abrahamic covenant?

God would make Abraham the father of many people. These people would live in the promised land. All people would be blessed through him.

What term describes the interpretation of human events and destinies by the positions of the planets and stars

Astrology

What term means " the belief in one God"

Monotheism

What is the term for Government by God

Theocracy

The study of celestial bodies is called what?

Astronomy

The worship of many Gods is known as what?

Avesta

What Greek word means " land between the rivers"

Mesopotamia

The king at the height of the Chaldean empire was?

Nebuchadnezzar

The twelve tribes of Israel divided over what issue?

Tax increase

The messianic line is through?

David

Israel's history can be traced back to?

Abraham

The language spoken by Jesus and his disciples was probably

Aramaic

Howard carter is best known for his discovery of?

The tomb of Tutankhamen

The pharaoh of the exodus was probably?

Thutmose III

What geographic factor helped preserve the monuments, the documents, and the bodies of ancient Egyptian rulers?

the Nile

The epic of Gilgamesh give an account of what biblical events?

The Flood

" Man after God's own heart"

David

Put in leadership position in Egypt

Joseph

Isaac's son-father of the twelve tribes of Israel?

Jacob

Israel reached its peak under his realtionship

Salomon

led the conquest of canaan

Joshua

he built the temple

solomon

most important tribe

Judah

Led the Israelites from bondage to the promised land?

Moses

Who is known as the " Father of medicine:?

Hippocrates

What term refers to a rule by the people?

Democracy

What term refers to a rule by a few?

Oligarchy

What term refers to a rule by one?

Monarchy

Which building in Athens is dedicated to the goddess Athena?

Parthenon

What term refers to a rule by force?

tyranny

What is the name of the period in which Greek culture was spread throughout the ancient world?

Hellenistic Age

The Peloponnesian war developed over

a rivalry between Athens and Sparta

The government of Athens under Pericles was?

Democracy

The defensive alliance formed by Athens to Protect Greece from further Persian attack and unified the Greek city- states was called the

Delian league

Sparta formed which league to thwart the advance of Athenian democracy?

Peloponnesian league

Sparta's government would be classified as?

Oligarchy

The spartan way of life centered on

Military training

spartan slaves were called?

helots

Tha basic political unit of greece was the

Polis

The Olympic game were originally held honor of

Zeus

fortified hill constructed in Greek cities for protection?

Acropolis

Who spread Greek culture throughout the near East?

Alexander the great

Who was the author of the lliad and the Odyssey?

Homer

Which city -states represented the two opposing political systems and ways of life in ancient Greece?

Athens + Sparta

Rome was established on what river?

Tiber

The mountains which run down the middle of the Italian peninsula are the

Apennines

in the roman Senate each senator served for

life

The law of twelve tables was important primary because it

was the first written roman law and the foundation of roman civil law

much of the first Punic was was fought over control of the island

Sicily

The romans defeated the Carthaginians at sea during the first Punic war by

boarding their ships on planks

The phrase " Crossing the Rubicon" means

making a fateful decision from which there is no turning back

After the death of Julius Caesar, Rome was ruled by

Anthony and Octavian.

Which ancient Roman province is today almost entirely included in modern France?

Gaul

What is the term for the "common people" such as farmers, traders, and craftsmen?

Plebeian.

What are the three branches of government that existed in the roman republic

Consul, senate, tribal assembly.

What was the most powerful body of the Republic?

Senate.

By using what term, meaning "I forbid", could tribunes stop unjust acts of patrician officials?

Veto.

Men who collected taxes in the provinces were called what?

publican

give the date of the assassination of Julius Caesar?

march 15 ( 44 BC)

Augustus's greatest failure in his attempt to restore order and stability in Rome was his attempt to

Reform Morals

The Romans are properly regarded as having made valuable contributions to law because they

Sought basic principles as a foundation for their legal system.

When a Roman poet Wrote That " conquered Greece took captive her rude conqueror," He meant that

Roman culture was based on Greek culture.

Which of the following statement best represents stoicism?

Is it better to be good than happy

The Septuagint in the translation of the old Testament into?

Greek

Jesus was born in the Roman Province of

Judea

Persecution of the Christians began because

Christians refused to worship the emperor.

The first official Roman persecution began under the emperor?

Nero

Which meeting affirmed Christ's deity and the doctrine of the trinity?

Council of Necae

Which two emperors introduced reforms which delayed the fall of Rome for two centuries?

Diocletian and Constatine

What name was later given to the Eastern Roman empire?

Byzantine empire

What was one of the most significant actions taken by Constantine?

Moving the capital of the Roman empire to Byzantium.

What held the "Roman peace" intact after the death of Augustus?

The might of the Roman army.

Christ was brought before what Roman governor?

Pontius Pilate

Who was the first Christian martyr?

Stephen

Who wrote a greater number of books than any other biblical writer?

Paul

Who was the tutor of Nero

Seneca

Who was the Jewish historian who wrote about the conflict between the Jews and the Romans

Josephus

Which rule made Christianity the official religion of the Romans state?

Theodosius I

Under the leadership of which Roman emperor was the last and perhaps most widespread Roman persecution of Christians?.

Who was the fierce leader of the Huns known as The "scourge of God"

Where in the bible do we find the events of Jesus' early life and ministry?

Gospel-matthew,mark, Luke, John

What constitutes the turning point in history?

The life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

What is significant about the year 476?

it is considered the date that the roman empire collapsed.

The Eastern Roman Empire became known as?

Byzantine Empire.

Which city was the meeting place of East and west and the vital link in both land and sea trade routes?

Constantinople

Justinian's goal during his reign was to

restore the greatness of the roman empire.

One of the most enduring achievements of the Byzantine empire was the preservation of which law code?

Roman

The Byzantine church became known as the

Eastern Orthodox Church

The Byzantine secret weapon which would burn on water was called?

"Greek Fire"

The largest group to settle in Russia was the

Slavs.

Which Mongolian warriors swept into Russian during the Thirteenth century?

Tartars

The Arabs trace their beginnings to

Ishmael

Muhammad supposedly received his ideas for Islam through

A Series of visions

The primary authority on Muslim belief and practice is?

The Koran.

The major problem after Muhammad's death was that?

he had not appointed a successor

The Muslim advance in Europe was stopped by the battle of

Tours.

What is the term for "Submission" to Allah

islam

What is the term for a "Submitter" to Allah

Muslim

What is the birthplace of Muhammad

Mecca

What is Muhammad's flight to Medina called

Hegira.

What is the term for " Holy war"

jihad

The Muslim crier was calls the faithful to pray five time daily is called what?

Muezzin

What is the name of the sacred shrine in mecca that houses hundreds of pagan idols

kaaba

Muslims pray toward and take pilgrimages to what city?

mecca

what is the Muslim name for God

Allah

What is the Muslim Holy book?

Koran.

The crusades were the west's effort to free Christendom from the Muslim Turks

True

PREGUNTAS, Describes the factors that caused the eastern and western churches to split.

The leaders of the byzantine church refused to acknowledge the bishop of Rome's claim that his authority was supreme over all churches. The East and west also differed over such things as when to celebrate Easter, whether parish should marry and whether the church should use icons.

What is the main teaching of Hinduism?

Wheel of life, Brahman

Sankrit is the language of

India

The belief that a man's soul passes through many states (or rebirth) before it escapes the physical world is known as

The wheel of life

Both Hindus and Buddhist believe that man can achieve eternal peace if

his good works outweigh his bad.

What was the earliest known Chinese dynasty?

Shang

Chinese writing consists of some sixty-five thousand?

Characters.

The Goal of a learned Chinese man was a career in

Government service

Which Chinese teacher taught the importance of maintaining harmony and order in society by developing proper relationships?

Confucius.

Japanese warriors were called

Samurai

The ceremonial practice of committing was called

Hara- kari

Genghis khan's success lay in his

army

Which Indian empire was actually ruled by mongols?

Mughul

The kingdom of kush fell to the kingdom of

aksum

Polygamy is the best defined as

marriage of a man to more than one woman.

as Europeans began trading by ship with African kingdom, which trade opened?

slave trade

What religion follows the four noble truth

Buddhism

What religion believes that Brahman, the world soul, permeates the universe?

Hinduism.

What religion means " the way of the Gods"

Shintoism.

What is the dominant religion in India.

Hinduism

What name did ancient china take and why?

Middle kingdom. they thought that china was the center of the earth.

the rigid social divisions on India were called what?

caste

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