headed West to find a new place to settle and to search for gold.
Ways people headed West
ship (sailing around South America) or overland (horseback, wagons, railroads)
made travel and shipping goods easier across the country. It was financed through the Pacific Railway Act.
invented by Samuel Morse, was a machine that sent electric signals over telegraph lines with a series of dashes and dots.
faced prejudice as they built the railroad. This was shown by being paid less and many were given dangerous jobs.
May 10, 1869
the union Pacific and the Central Pacific railroads were joined at Promontory Point, Utah. A golden spike was placed in the last piece of track.
flat, covered by grasses, have very few trees, and have less than 20 inches of rain a year.
Homestead Act of 1862
offered 160 acres of land to US citizens if they paid a small amount of money and farmed it for 5 years.
African Americans who referred to the Israelites who were trying to find a place to be free.
the settlers faced farming on the Great plains were the harsh climate (long, cold winters; blizzard; violent storms; dry summers), drought, destruction of crops, prairie fires
settlers lived in sod houses
little wood to build houses. These houses were cool in the summer and warm in the winter.
to get water
settlers had to either carry water from streams, dig deep wells and pump by hand or construct windmills.
machines settlers use
plows, planters, reapers and threshers
Living in a soddie
loneliness; house leaked; snakes, bugs and animals would be in there; cool in summer and warm in winter
faced prejudice because some had their lands taken away.
cowboys moving cattle to railheads and then to cities from the West to the East and the North
were hard and dangerous, boring, dirty, threat of stampedes, had to guard the herd at night to protect from theives and wild animals
blocked cattle trails, helping to end the cattle drivews.
sent to reservations so that they would stop being nomadic bison hunters and they become famers.
needed large areas of land because they hunted the buffalo. They counted on this animals to hunt bison for food and clothing.
General Custer's soliders
In 1876, soldiers attacked an Indian village, but were defeated.
to make farmers of American Indians, split reservation lands, give land to Indian farmers and other settlers.
a farmer that breaks the sod
the amount of something that a market has available, the activity of supplying or providing something
the amount of a product or service that a market has a, the amount of goods and services people are willing to buy
to make someone change there culture to yours