The Great Peace
250 years of peace (Tokugawa period) brought by Ieyasu
masters of domains
Tokugawa Ieyasu (1542-1616)
founder and first shogun of Tokugawa period.
feudal regimine of Japan est. by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by shoguns of Tokugawa family. [had power to discard, annex and transform domains]
closed country. used preserve japanese culture. stopped free trade and limited it to one harbor
alternate attendance. required each daimyo reside in Edo. helped centeralize aristocratic alliances and ensured loyalty to Shogun.
250 years of peace in Japan. Confucianism: Hierarchy: 1. Samurai 2. Peasants 3. Craftsmen/Artisans 4. Merchants
social class in Japan in the early years of Tokugawa period. (Merchants)
elegant past times
Ihara Saikaku (1642-1693)
writer of fiction. born to merchant class. created a new genre of prose literature (Ukiyo-zoshi) Realist.
books of the floating world. 3 categories: erotic, townsman, samurai. Depicted the darker side of love
kabuki (katamuki-slanted or strongly inclined)
Highly stylized classical Japanese dance drama founded in 1603 by a female performer, Okuni.
Izumo no Okuni
The founder of Kabukui
male performers of female roles in Kabuki
puppet theatre. each puppet was controlled by 3 puppeteers. the unmasked one controlled the head and right arm. 2/3 the size of humans
long-necked 3-stringed musical instrument
Chikamatsu Monzaemon (1653-1724)
Playwright. Wrote domestic and contemporary plays. Famous for "love suicide" plays. Concerned with giri ninjo
human feeling; emotions
Matsuo Basho (1644-1694)
Famous poet in Edo period. Mastered haiku. ronin. wandered throughout the country giving him inspiration to write his haikus.
form of Japanese poetry with 17 moras 5/7/5. traditionally printed in a single vertical line.
Oku no Hosomichi (the Narrow Road to Oku)
Made by Basho. traveled and wrote down haikus about his thoughts. travel journal
first successful settlement in the Americas. Colonized by Europeans (pilgrims)
Salem Witch Trials
Boston Tea Party
Declaration of Independence
term used in 19th century. United States was destined, divinely ordained to expand across the North American continent from Atlantic to Pacific Ocean.
California Gold Rush (1848-1855)
when gold was discovered, Individuals from the rest of the US and abroad went to California in hopes of getting rich. new methods of transportation developed during this time (steam ships and railroads)
Commodore Perry's "black ships" (1853)
Treaty of Friendship (1854)
Brought end to Sankoku. 1.Extraterritoriality 2.Most fav. nation clause 3. 5% custom's levy
unequal treaty provisions
Created by Townsend Harris. Caused econimic unrest.
(men of high purpose) members of the Loyalist movement. Loyal to the emporer. "Revere the Emporer, expel the barbarian"
Meiji Restoration (1867)
Japanese diplomatic journey around the world. initiated 1871 by oligarchs of Meiji era. most well-known and possible most important for modernization of Japan.
Tokyo earthquake (1923)
Great Kanto earthquake. magnitude of 8.3 struct kanto plain on Honshu. greatest natural disaster during Prewar Japan.
Japanese performers who provided live narration for silent films
world market crash (1929)
Volstead Act (1920)
National Prohibition Act. Reinforced the prohibition of alcohol in US.
law that prohibits alcohol (1920-1933) bootlegging became widespread and organized crime took control of the distribution of alcohol [Roaring Twenties]
prohibits each state and federal government from denying any citizen the right to vote because of citizen's sex (Aug. 18, 1920)
Klu Klux Klan
The Great Depression
worldwide economic depression. (1929) originated in US with stock market crash (oct 29, 1929) personal income, tax revenue, profits and prices dropped with unemployment rose.
dust bowl farmers
popular name for towns built by homeless people during the Great Depression. Named after president, Herbert Hoover.
Wagner Act (1935)
limits the means with which employers may react to workers in the private sector that create labor unions, engage in collective bargining, and take part in strikes an other forms of cocerted activity in support of their demands.
small deformed alter ego, usually main character's companion
Japanese ukiyo-e painter of the Edo period. 36 views of Mt. Fuji and Great Wave off Kanagawa <-popular in western world
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Two places in Japan that the US bombed with atomic bombs. Hiroshima (Aug 6) Nagasaki (Aug 9). Only attacks with nuclear weapons in the history of warfare.
boy's comics (shonen)
girl's comics (shojo)
August 15, 1945 (Japan's unconditional surrender)
Victory over Japan Day. Japan surrendered ending WWII. Formal surrender ceremony was performed in Tokyo Bay, Japan aboard USS Missouri on Sept. 2, 1945. "the day for mourning of war dead and praying for peace"
General Douglas MacArthur
oversaw the occupation of japan (1945-1951). also led U.N. Command forces defending south korea against north korean invasion (1950-1951). removed from command after publicly disagreeing with Truman's Korean War Policy
Sen No Rikyu
Tea Master. Developed the tea ceremony. Commited sepuku under the warlord Hideyoshi even though he did nothing wrong
The first American counsel to Japan. Established a treaty to open Japanese ports to trade in order to mostly benefit the U.S.
Natsume Soseki (1867-1916)
addressed the ego and individuality and society, tension in society between two cultures. lived 3 years in london as an impoverished scholar. time abroad made him ashamed to be japanese
translated the tale of genji into modern japanese. involved in literary circles and well respected by her peers.
During this time the samurai class was abolished
Taisho Period (1912-1926)
the emergence of pop culture in Japan. There were advances in public transportation, communication; new modern life style.