Dept of Agriculture
Develops and executes policy on farming, agriculture, and food. Includes Forest Service, Farm Service Administration, Agricultural Research Service.
Department of Commerce
Promotes economic growth and job creation; gathers economic and demographic data for business & govt decision making; issues patents and trademarks through US Patent & Trademark Office; also includes NIST, NOAA.
Department of Defense
Initiated by Washington and created by Congress as Department of War in the first Cabinet. Coordinates and supervises all functions of government relating to national security and military defense.
Department of Education
Smallest cabinet-level dept, with 4500 employees; devises and executes education policy on federal level; manages federal student aid programs.
Department of Energy
Devises and executes policy on energy and nuclear safety. Includes FERC, Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
Department of Health & Human Services
Created as Health Education & Welfare; changed to HHS in 1980; protects health of people in US and provides essential human services; includes CDC; FDA; NIH.
Department of Homeland Security
Responsibility for protecting the territory of the US from terrorist attacks and responding to natural disasters; includes FEMA, INS, TSA, Customs, Secret Service.
Department of Housing & Urban Development
Develops and executes policy on housing and cities; focuses primarily on housing.
Department of the Interior
Manages and conserves most federally owned land. Includes National Park Service, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, and others.
Department of Justice
Attorney General was initially a legal advisor to president and part of the original cabinet; the name stuck when the Department of Justice was created in 1870. Enforces federal laws and defends interests of US government; ensures fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans.
Department of Labor
Responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance, and economic statistics. Includes Bureau of Labor Statistics; OSHA; Mine Safety & Health Administration.
Department of State
Initiated by Washington and created by Congress as part of first Cabinet. Operation of US diplomacy; ambassadors, embassies, consulates in foreign countries are under control of State Dept. Sec of State usually president's top diplomatic representative to other countries as well as his top foreign policy advisor. Sec of State designated to receive presidential resignation letters. Fourth in line to succeed to presidency after VP, House Speaker, President Pro Tem of Senate. First Sec of State: Jefferson
Department of Transportation
Devises and executes policy on transporation; includes FAA, FHA, NHTSA.
Department of the Treasury
Initiated by Washington and created by Congress as part of first Cabinet. Prints and mints all paper currency and coins through Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Collects federal taxes through Internal Revenue Service. Advises president on financial issues. Enforces tax evasion, counterfeiting, smuggling, and gun law violations at federal level.
Department of Veterans Affairs
Administers policy on veterans benefits for veterans, their families, and their survivors.
Agency for International Development
Independent agency responsible for administering most US government foreign aid, under direction of Secretary of State
National Railroad Passenger Corporation
Quasi-governmental agency/corporation created by Congress in 1971 to administer passenger rail service in the US
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms
Regulatory and law-enforcement agency, part of US Department of Justice, responsible for enforcement of firearms and explosives laws
Bureau of Engraving & Printing
Part of Treasury Department; prints US currency, stamps, and other government security documents
Central Intelligence Agency
Independent intelligence agency of US government. Gathers information and conducts covert operations. Head reports to President.
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Independent regulatory agency created in 1972; responsible for protecting consumers against "unreasonable risks of injuries associated with consumer products"
Defense Intelligence Agency
Intelligence-gathering agency of Department of Defense
Drug Enforcement Administration
Drug-enforcement agency of Department of Justice; responsible for enforcement of Controlled Substances Act of 1970
Environmental Protection Agency
Independent regulatory agency, created in 1970 and charged with enforcement of environmental laws and protecting human health
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Created by President Kennedy and charged with ending employment discrimination in the US
Federal Aviation Administration
agency of the United States Department of Transportation with authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of civil aviation in the U.S; created in 1958.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Primary investigatory and law-enforcement agency of Dept of Justice; started as Bureau of Investigation in 1908.
Federal Communications Commission
Independent agency created by Federal Communications Act of 1934 and charged with regulating all non-federal use of the radio spectrum
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Federal government corporation created in 1933 to provide bank depositors insurance of up to $100,000 per account; designed to prevent bank failures
Federal Election Commission
Federal agency created in 1974 to enforce federal campaign finance legislation
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Created as independent agency in 1979 to administer federal response to emergencies and disasters; now part of Dept of Homeland Security
Federal Reserve System
Quasi-governmental banking system of US government; responsible for monetary policy and regulation of banking system
Federal Trade Commission
Independent agency created in 1914 to protect consumers and prevent anticompetitive business practices
Food & Drug Administration
Agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services; responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, biological medical products, blood products, medical devices, radiation-emitting devices, veterinary products, and cosmetics in the United States.
Government Accountability Office
Non-partisan audit, evaluation, and investigative arm of Congress; created in 1921; investigates misuse of public funds
Government Printing Office
Agency of legislative branch of US government responsible for printing all documents related to legislation and the functioning of Congress
General Services Administration
Agency established in 1949 to support the basic functioning of US government agencies (buildings, supplies, etc.)
Immigration & Naturalization Services
No longer exists separate from Dept of Homeland Security; now mostly Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
Internal Revenue Service
Bureau of Department of Treasury; responsible for collecting taxes.
International Monetary Fund
International organization that monitors exchange rates and offers financial assistance and advice to countries when requested
National Aeronautics & Space Administration
Established in 1958 to administer the US government's space program
National Archives & Records Administration
Independent agency charged with preserving and documenting government and historical records
National Endowment for the Arts
Federally funded program that offers support and funding for projects that exhibit artistic excellence; founded in 1965
National Endowment for the Humanities
Federally funded program supporting research, education, preservation, and public programs in the humanities; founded in 1965
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Independent agency charged with saving lives by improving vehicle safety. Founded in 1970.
National Institutes of Health
Agency part of Dept of Health and Human Services; responsible for biomedical research
National Security Agency
Cryptological agency of US government, founded in 1952; collects and analyzes foreign data
National Transportation Safety Board
Independent agency responsible for investigation of accidents involving aviation, highway, marine, pipelines and railroads in the United States.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Federal government agency responsible for oversight of nuclear energy matters and nuclear safety.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Agency of Department of Labor charged with preventing workplace injuries and illnesses; created in 1970
Office of Personnel Management
Independent agency of US government that administers the civil service system; replaced on Civil Service Commission in 1979
Independent agency of US government; established in 1961 to promote world friendship and peace by sending volunteer workers to countries in need
Securities & Exchange Commission
Federal agency responsible for regulating the securities industry (stock transactions); created in 1934
Selective Service System
Agency of US government created in 1917 to administer the draft
Small Business Administration
Created in 1953; agency of US government designed to promote the interests of small business, including providing loans
Social Security Administration
Agency of US government; administers Social Security system
US Postal Service
Independent component of executive branch; quasi-governmental agency; founded as Post Office Department in 1775 by Benjamin Franklin
Voice of America
Official radio and television broadcasting entity of US government