Monies that are budgeted on a yearly basis; for example Congess may set yearly limits on what agencies can spend
a legislative grant of money to finance government program or agency
legislative permission to begin or continue a government program or agency.
bureaucracy bureaucratic imperialism
a large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
Refers to the tendency of agencies to grow without regard to the benefits their programs confer or the costs they entail
Ruled the legislative veto unconstitutional
Civil Service Reform Act
Created theSenior Executive Service and recognized the need for flexibility in recruiting, assigning and salary
the right of committees to disapprove of certain agency actions
Appointment of officials based on selection criteria devised by the employing agency and OPM
Department of Homeland Security
A proposal by President Bush in 2002 which would consolidate 22 federal agencies and nearly 170,000 federal employees
the ability of officials to make policies that are not spelled out in advace by laws
Appointed of officials not based on the criteria specified by OPM
a relationship formed among government agencies, congressional committees, and client groups who work together
Groups that regularily debate government policy on specific issues
a freely competitive economy
The authority of Congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. The Supreme Court has held that Congress does not have this power
name request job
A Job that is filled by a person whom an agency has already identified
National Performance Review
A 1993 effort, led by Vice President Al Gore, to make the bureaucracy work better and cost less.
Governmental appointments made on the basis of political considerations
Legislation that began the federal merit system
Complex bureaucratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done.
Government jobs having a confidential or policy-making character
Senior Executive Service
Top ranking civil servants that can be hired, fired, and rewarded in a more flexible manner than can ordinary bureaucrats.
Funds such as that of Social Security that operate outside the government budget
Whistle Blower Protection Act
Created the Office of Special Counsel to investigate complaints from bureaucrats that were punished after reporting to Congress about waste, fraud, or abuse in their agencies