Wilson Key Terms Ch 15: The Bureaucracy

25 terms by 72NCC32Panther43 

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All the terms for chapter 15 of Wilson.

annual authorizations

Monies that are budgeted on a yearly basis; for example Congess may set yearly limits on what agencies can spend

appropriation

a legislative grant of money to finance government program or agency

authorization legislation

legislative permission to begin or continue a government program or agency.

bureaucracy bureaucratic imperialism

a large, complex organization composed of appointed officials

bureaucratic imperialism

Refers to the tendency of agencies to grow without regard to the benefits their programs confer or the costs they entail

Chadha

Ruled the legislative veto unconstitutional

Civil Service Reform Act

Created theSenior Executive Service and recognized the need for flexibility in recruiting, assigning and salary

committee clearance

the right of committees to disapprove of certain agency actions

competitive service

Appointment of officials based on selection criteria devised by the employing agency and OPM

Department of Homeland Security

A proposal by President Bush in 2002 which would consolidate 22 federal agencies and nearly 170,000 federal employees

discretionary authority

the ability of officials to make policies that are not spelled out in advace by laws

excepted service

Appointed of officials not based on the criteria specified by OPM

iron triangle

a relationship formed among government agencies, congressional committees, and client groups who work together

issue networks

Groups that regularily debate government policy on specific issues

laissez-faire

a freely competitive economy

legislative veto

The authority of Congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. The Supreme Court has held that Congress does not have this power

name request job

A Job that is filled by a person whom an agency has already identified

National Performance Review

A 1993 effort, led by Vice President Al Gore, to make the bureaucracy work better and cost less.

patronage

Governmental appointments made on the basis of political considerations

Pendleton Act

Legislation that began the federal merit system

red tape

Complex bureaucratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done.

schedule C

Government jobs having a confidential or policy-making character

Senior Executive Service

Top ranking civil servants that can be hired, fired, and rewarded in a more flexible manner than can ordinary bureaucrats.

trust funds

Funds such as that of Social Security that operate outside the government budget

Whistle Blower Protection Act

Created the Office of Special Counsel to investigate complaints from bureaucrats that were punished after reporting to Congress about waste, fraud, or abuse in their agencies

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