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Psychological Disorder

behavior must be atypical, maladaptive, disturbing, or unjustifiable

medical model

psychological disorders are illnesses that can be diagnosed, treated, and cured thru thearpy

bio-psycho-social perspective

assumes that biological, psychological and sociocultural factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders

DSM-IV

american psychiatric associations diagnostic and statistical. manual of mental disorders which provides a widely used system of classifying psychological diorders

phobia

anxiety disorder in which a person has a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation

obsessive-compulsive disorder

a person experiences uncontrollable and repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and actions (compulsions)

dissociative disorders

separation of conscious awareness from one's previous memories, thoughts, and feelings

dissociative identity disorder

person exhibits two or more distinct personalities

personality disorders

characterized by inflexible and enduring maladaptive character traits that impair social functioning

antisocial personality disorder

person is aggressive, ruthless, and shows no sign of a conscience that would inhibit wrongdoing

panic disorder

episode of intense dread accompanied by chest pain, dizziness, or choking

generalized anxiety disorder

person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal for no apparent reason

anxiety disorders

involve distressing, persistent anxiety, or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety

mood disorders

characterized by emotional extremes

major depressive disorder

mood disorder that occurs when a person exhibits lethargy, feelings of worthlessness, or loss of interest in social life. no more than two week period for no discernible reason. 'common cold'

manic episode

widly optimistic, euphoric, hyperactive state that alternates with depression in the bipolar disorder

bipolar disorder

mood disorder in which a person alternates between depression and the euphoria of manic state

schizophrenia

refers to the group of severe psychotic disorders whose symptoms mainly include disorganized and delusional thinking, inappropriate emotions and actions, and disturbed perceptions

delusions

false beliefs that often are symptoms of psychotic disorders

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