Intro to Music- Exam 1

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global perspective

a worldwide point of view, including awareness of and respect for the lifestyles, traditions, values and arts of other nations and cultures

assimilation

the process whereby immigrant groups gradually adopt the characteristics of the host society

ethnic

pertaining to people who are not part of a mainstream population but are recognized as a group on the basis of certain distinctive characteristics, such as religion, language, ancestry, culture or national origin

ethnomusicologist

a scholar of music in culture-- of world music

acculturation

the blending of cultures

midi

a means for providing electronic communication between synthesizers and computers or other synthesizers; it enables sounds to be stored in memory until needed

acoustic

the science of sounds and the physical basis of music

aesthetic

the study of the emotional and expressive aspects of music

score

a printed version of a piece of music

notation

the use of written or printed symbols to represent musical sounds

improvise

the process of simultaneously composing, performing, and listening to music

perceptive listening

listening to music attentively in an attempt to understand the musical processes and structure that give the music its characteristic qualities

pitch

the highness or lowness of a tone produced by a single frequency

duration

the length of time a pitch sounds

loudness

the degree of intensity or energy producing a sound

timbre

the characteristic quality of the sound of a voice or instrument

texture

the density of sound; the number of simultaneously sounding lines

form

the shape or structure of a piece of music

contour

the shape of a melody, whether smooth or jagged

scale

an ascending or descending series of tones organized according to a specified pattern of intervals

tonality

the gravitational pull of music toward a tonal center

theme

a short melody or phrase that has a sense of completeness-- a complete musical thought; a theme usually ends with a cadence

chord

a meaningful combination of two or more tones

tempo

the rate of speed at which music is performed

pulse

the recurring beat of the music

meter

the organization of rhythm into a pattern of strong and weak beats

duple meter

a rhythmic pattern in which alternate beats are stressed

triple meter

a rhythmic pattern in which the first of every three beats is stressed

mixed meter

combinations of duple and triple meter

syncopation

the occurrence of accents in unexpected places, usually on weak beats or on weak parts of beats

downbeats

the first beat of each measure in Western notated music

dynamics

the level of loudness

accent

a stress or emphasis on a particular tone

variety

music that departs from previously stated themes and creates points of contrast

unity

music that does not ramble and is cohesive, with an exact or a modified repetition of themes and patterns

contrast

a departure from that which has been presented

repetition

a return to previously stated material

forward energy

the tendency in some music to have momentum- that is, to move from one point to the next, such as from the beginning of a phrase to its conclusion

tension

a perception of instability in tradition western music that suggests the need for release of tension or resolution

dissonance

an active, unstable sound

consonance

a relatively stable, comfortable sound that seems to be at rest in contrast with a dissonant, restless sound

modulation

to change from one key to another, frequently by harmonic progression

genre

a category of music, such as symphony, hymn, ballad, mass, march, and opera

song form

a 32-bar a a b a chorus (verse)

verse-chorus

a form in which there are different texts to each verse and a return to the chorus after each verse

twelve-bar-blues

a musical phrase of 12 bars, usually divided into three 4-bar segments using a specific set of chord progressions

blues

a style of music that has exerted considerable influence on jazz, rhythm and blues, soul, rock and other forms of recent American popular music

cadences

a point of repose at the ending of a musical phrase

motive

a short melodic pattern or phrase that is used for further development and sometimes as the basis of a section of music or a complete composition

vibrato

an oscillating variation of pitch that enhances a tone, providing richness and warmth, particularly to sustained pitches or to a slow, lyrical melody

"Sylvie"

Huddie Ledbetter

"Body and Soul"

Edward Heyman

"String Quartet in C, Op. 33, No. 2, II"

Franz Joseph Haydn

"Nkende yamuyayu"

Traditional

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