CPC Pathology and Laboratory

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autopsy

exam of a dead body to determine the cause(s) of death (also called necropsy).

bacteriology

the study of bacteria.

cytopathology

the study of the cellular changes in disease.

cytogenetics

the study of genes to determine whether disease has inherited components and also to identify the specific genetic components of certain disease processes so they can be better treated.

clinical laboratory

the place where tests are performed on clinical specimens in order to get info about the health of a patient as pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

clinical laboratory improvement amendments (CLIA)

Quality standards for all lab testing to ensure the accuracy, reliability and timelines of patient test results CLIA waived tests - simple tests that may be performed in non-lab settings.

definitive identification

identification of the genus an dspecies of the microorganism.

forensics

studies used or applied in the investigation and establishment of facts or evidence in a court of law.

gross

exam of the entire specimen without sectioning of the specimen into thin slides that can be examined without the use of a microscope.

hematology

the study of the components and behavior of blood.

immunology

the study of the immune system and its components and function.

In Vivo

studies performed within the living body.

microbiology

the study of microscopic life.

microscopy (microscopic)

exam under a microscope.

molecular diagnostics

the measurement of DNA, RNA, proteins or metabolites to detect genotypes, mutations or biochemical changes.

necropsy

exam of a dead body to determine the cause(s) of death (also called autopsy).

panel

a group of tests that are performed together and are listed in the code description.

pathology

the study of diseased tissue and cells.

presumptive identification

identification of a microorganism based on the growth patterns, color, success in culturing the specimen in certain media, etc.

mycology

the study of fungi.

parasitology

the study of parasites

qualitative

a test that determines the presence or absence of a drug.

quantitative

a test that identifies not only the presence of a drug, but the exact amount present.

semi-quantitative

a test that identifies the amount of an analyte within a specified range but does not identify a specific quantity.

virology

the study of viruses.

Diagnostic Test System

are placed into one of three CLIA regulatory categories 1) waved test, 2)tests of moderate complexity, 3) tests of high complexity.

Bills for test

include the CLIA number of the testing locations.

Evocative and Suppression

tests describe how well various endocrine glands are functioning

Growth hormone suppression panel (glucose administration)

requires glucose be measure three time and human growth hormone be measured four times.

Antigens

may be viruses, bacteria or other immune triggers the body fights off by creating antibodies

Antibodies

are elements the human body creates to deal with antigens

Pap smear

which are examinations of cerival and/or vaginal cells,

flow cytometry

a technique for counting and examining microscopic particles, such as cells and chromosomes, by suspending them in a stream of fluid and passing them by and electronic detention apparatus.

Chromatography

procedure in which multiple drugs identified, Some machines identify all drugs present in one procedure
Others require two or more procedures to identify two or more drugs

Limited

without review of medical record

Comprehensive

with review of medical record

Specimen

sample of tissue of suspect area

Block

frozen piece of specimen

Section

slice of frozen block

Surgical Pathology

Six levels

Indicators

allow additional test to be performed without a written order from the physician

Therapeutic drug assays

performed to help the physician monitor the level of medication in the patient's system or to monitor the patients compliance.

Drug assay

test for a specific drug and for the amount of that drug.

Generic names

listed by the drugs

limited consultation

one that was done without the pathologist's review of the medical record of the patient

comprehensive consultation

one in which the medical record was reviewed as part of the consultative services.

nonspecific

tests performed on urine

specific

tests performed on material from any sources.

Urobilinogen

reduced bilirubin.

Level 1

identifies specimen that normally do not need to be viewed under a microscope for pathologic diagnosis those for which the probability of disease or malignancy is minimal. (tooth)

Level 2

Deals with those tissues that are usually considered normal tissue and have been removed not because of the probability of the presence of disease or malignancy, but for some other reason. (a fallopian tube for sterilization, foreskin of a newborn)

Level 3

a assigned for specimens with a low probability of disease or malignancy.

Level 4

designates a higher probability of malignancy or decision making for disease pathology.

Level 5

classifies more complex pathology evaluation

Level 6

includes examination of neoplastic tissue or very involved specimens, such as a total resection of a colon.

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