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The postwar Red Scare was aimed at...
a) black radicals who started race riots
b) continuing German influences in society.
c) opponents of the League of Nations.
d) Bolsheviks, radicals, and aliens.

D. Bolsheviks, radicals, and aliens

The War Industries Board was the most important agency mobilizing the nation for war.
a) True
b) False

A. True

For two years after the war began in Europe, the Wilson administration pursued a policy that stressed...
a) secret aid to Britain
b) neutrality
c) opposition to Britain's "freedom of the seas" policy
d) support for Germany if it would stop the U-Boat attacks

B. neutrality

The Zimmerman telegram revealed Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
a) True
b) False

B. False

The irreconcilables were primarily...
a) midwestern and western progressives.
b) representatives of hyphenated Americans.
c) conservative Republicans.
d) southern Democrats.

A. midwestern and western progressives

The United States ratified the Treaty of Versailles in 1920.
a) True
b) False

B. False

Senator Henry Cabot Lodge...
a) was irreconcilably opposed to the Treaty of Versailles.
b) proposed some amendments to the Treaty of Versailles.
c) supported the League of Nations strongly.
d) served as a delegate to the peace negotiations, but later opposed the treaty.

B. proposed some amendments to the Treaty of Versailles.

Opponents of the preparedness movement before World War I...
a) agreed with Theodore Roosevelt that "there is such a thing as a man being too proud to fight."
b) feared the creation of a large standing army.
c) worried about a strong navy.
d) all of the above

B. feared the creation of a large standing army.

Eugene V. Debs was sentenced to prison for violating the Espionage Act.
a) True
b) False

A. True

More people worldwide died in the flu pandemic of 1918-19 than in World War I.
a) True
b) False

A. True

The wartime Espionage and Sedition Acts...
a) were upheld by the Supreme Court.
b) led to the persecution of more than 1,500 people.
c) hit hard at socialists and radicals.
d) all of the above

D. All of the above

A major United States contribution to the Allied war effort was the use of convoys to escort merchant ships across the Atlantic.
a) True
b) False

A. True

In 1910, the largest group of hyphenated Americans was from Ireland.
a) True
b) False

B. False

In 1916, Woodrow Wilson again defeated "Bull Moose" Roosevelt for president.
a) True
b) False

B. False

With the Fourteen Points, Wilson hoped to keep Russia in the war and to create disunity between the people and the governments of the Central Powers.
a) True
b) False

A. True

Probably the decisive reason the United States entered World War I was the issue of submarine warfare.
a) True
b) False

A. True

More than 300,000 soldiers died at the Battle of Verdun in 1916.
a) True
b) False

A. True

Racial conflict among Americans during World War I resulted from...
a) integration of the military.
b) the mass movement of southern blacks to northern cities.
c) northern whites training at military bases in the South.
d) the refusal of blacks to participate in a war for democracy when they could not vote.

B. the mass movement of southern blacks to northern cities.

Wilson thought Germany's admission of war guilt was the most important part of the peace negotiations.
a) True
b) False

B. False

William Jennings Bryan resigned as secretary of state...
a) in the uproar after the sinking of the Lusitania.
b) after the discovery of the Zimmerman telegram.
c) because President Wilson rejected the Sussex pledge.
d) to run for president in 1916.

A. in the uproar after the sinking of the Lusitania.

After World War I, the Senate...
a) ratified the Treaty of Versailles.
b) ratified the treaty except for the League of Nations.
c) accepted the League of Nations, but defeated the Treaty of Versailles.
d) defeated the Treaty of Versailles.

D. defeated the Treaty of Versailles.

The greatest victory by radical progressives during the Wilson administration was the...
a) expansion of the military before entry into World War I.
b) Revenue Act of 1916.
c) League of Nations.
d) War Industries Board.

B. Revenue Act of 1916.

All of the following statements about post-WW I America are correct, except...
a) Most working women kept their wartime industrial jobs.
b) Racial violence broke out in Chicago.
c) The police went on strike in Boston.
d) A Red Scare erupted against radicals

A. Most working women kept their wartime industrial jobs.

The Boston police strike of 1919 helped launch Warren G. Harding's political career.
a) True
b) False

B. False

Wilson's failure to take a major Republican to the postwar peace conference was a mistake because...
a) the Republicans controlled Congress.
b) most Republicans supported the League of Nations.
c) Theodore Roosevelt advocated the League of Nations.
d) all of the above

A. the Republicans controlled Congress.
b) most Republicans supported the League of Nations.

In 1918, the United States sent troops to fight the Bolsheviks in Russia.
a) True
b) False

A. True

President Wilson sent General Pershing into Mexico...
a) as part of dollar diplomacy.
b) to make Mexicans salute the American flag.
c) to chase Pancho Villa.
d) to protect American business investments.

C. to chase Pancho Villa.

In the Caribbean, the Wilson administration...
a) refused to use military force to defend investments.
b) briefly sent troops to Cuba and Puerto Rico.
c) withdrew all troops at the start of the World War.
d) sent marines in to Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

D. sent marines in to Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

The Germans made overtures of peace in August 1919 on the basis of the Fourteen Points, a speech given by British prime minister David Lloyd George.
a) True
b) False

B. False

"Free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theater and causing a panic," said...
a) Woodrow Wilson.
b) Eugene V. Debs.
c) Oliver Wendell Holmes.
d) Henry Cabot Lodge.

C. Oliver Wendell Holmes.

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