Unit 7 Study Questions

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In his book, Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis, the Reverend Josiah Strong advocated American expansion to

Page: 670

Which of the following was not among the small but dangerous international crises the United States experienced in the 1890s?
a) A conflict with Germany over the Samoan islands
b) A near-war with Italy over the lynching of Italians in New Orleans
c) The Valparaiso crisis with Chile over the killing of two American sailors
d) A conflict with Japan over naval refueling rights at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
e) A conflict with Canada over seal hunting near the Pribilof Islands

Page: 671

A major factor in the shift in American foreign policy toward imperialism in the late nineteenth century was the

Page: 669

The clash between Germany and America over the Samoan islands eventually resulted in

. Page: 671

Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that

Page: 670

The numerous near-wars and diplomatic crises of the United States in the late 1880s and 1890s demonstrated

Page: 671

To justify American intervention in the Venezuela boundary dispute with Britain, Secretary of State Olney invoked the

Page: 671

During the boundary dispute between Venezuela and Britain, the United States

Page: 671

A primary reason that the British submitted their border dispute with Venezuela to arbitration was

Page: 672

The near-war between the United States and Britain over the Venezuela boundary crisis ultimately resulted in

Page: 672

One reason that the white American sugar lords tried to overthrow native Hawaiian rule and annex the islands to the United States was they

Page: 672

Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani was forced from power in 1893 because

Page: 672

Which of the following prominent American leaders was least enthusiastic about U.S. imperialistic adventures in the 1890s?
a) Theodore Roosevelt
b) William Randolph Hearst
c) Alfred Thayer Mahan
d) William McKinley
e) Grover Cleveland

Ans: Page: 672

Before a treaty annexing Hawaii to the United States could be rushed through the U.S. Senate in 1893

Page: 672

President Grover Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawaii because

Page: 672

The Cuban insurrectos who wanted to overthrow Spanish rule in Cuba

. Page: 673

Americans favored providing aid to the Cuban revolutionaries for all of the following reasons except
a) fear that the substantial American investment in Cuban sugar and other businesses would be lost.
b) a belief that Spain's control of Cuba presented a national security threat to the United States.
c) fear that Spanish misrule in Cuba menaced the Gulf of Mexico and the route to the proposed Panama Canal. .
d) sympathy for Cuban patriots fighting for their freedom.
e) the atrocity stories reported in the yellow press of William Randolph Hearst.

Ans: Page: 673-674

The actual purpose of the battleship Maine's visit to Cuba was to

Page: 674

The battleship Maine was sunk by

Page: 675

President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain mainly because

Page: 675

The United States declared war on Spain even though the Spanish had already agreed to

Page: 675

The Teller Amendment

Page: 676

The most successful American military action during the Spanish-American War was largely due to

Page: 670,676

A major weakness of Spain in the Spanish-American War was

Page: 677

On the whole, the United States Army's performance in Cuba was

Page: 677-678

The Philippine nationalist who led the insurrection against both Spanish rule and the later United States occupation was

Page: 676,685

When the United States captured the Philippines from Spain

Page: 676

The Rough Riders, organized principally by Teddy Roosevelt,

Page: 677

The end of the Cuban War came after the last substantial Spanish fleet was destroyed at the Battle of

Page: 677-678

When the United States invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War

Page: 678

The greatest loss of life for American fighting men during the Spanish-American War resulted from

Page: 678

At the time, the greatest controversy emerging from the Spanish-American War was over

Page: 679

All of the following became possessions of the United States under the provisions of the Treaty of Paris with Spain except
a) Puerto Rico.
b) Guam.
c) the Philippine Islands.
d) Hawaii.
e) Manila.

Page: 640,679

President McKinley justified American acquisition of the Philippines primarily by emphasizing that

Page: 679

American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines especially stressed

Page: 682

Anti-imperialists presented all of the following arguments against acquiring the Philippine Islands except that
a) it would violate the "consent of the governed" philosophy of the Declaration of Independence.
b) despotism abroad might lead to despotism at home.
c) the islands were still rightfully Spain's, since they were taken after the armistice had been signed.
d) annexation would propel the United States into the political and military cauldron of East Asia.
e) imperialism was likely to be more costly than profitable.

Page: 682

Starting in 1917, many Puerto Ricans came to the mainland United States seeking

Page: 680

On the question of whether American laws applied to the overseas territory acquired in the Spanish-American War, the Supreme Court ruled in the Insular Cases that

Page: 683

The United States asserted that it had a virtual right of continuing intervention in Cuba in the

Page: 683-684

By acquiring the Philippine Islands at the end of the Spanish-American War, the United States
a) assumed rule over millions of Asian people.
b) became a full-fledged East Asian power.
c) assumed commitments that would be difficult to defend.
d) developed popular support for a big navy.
e) All of these

Page: 679,684-685

In 1899, guerrilla warfare broke out in the Philippines because

Page: 685,691,692

America's initial Open Door policy was essentially an argument to promote

Page: 688

In response to the Boxer Rebellion, the United States

Page: 688-689

The Republicans won the 1900 election mainly because of

Page: 689

The Roosevelt Corollary added a new provision to the Monroe Doctrine that was specifically designed to

Page: 693

The Zimmermann note involved a proposed secret agreement between

Page: 747

President Wilson viewed America's entry into World War I as an opportunity for the United States to

Page: 748

Which one of the following was not among Wilson's Fourteen Points, upon which he based America's idealistic foreign policy in World War I?
a) Reduction of armaments
b) An international guarantee of freedom of religion
c) Abolition of secret treaties
d) A new international organization to guarantee collective security
e) The principle of national self-determination for subject peoples

Page: 748

The major problem for George Creel and his Committee on Public Information was that

.Page: 749-750

During World I, civil liberties in America were

Page: 750

In adopting the Nineteenth Amendment, giving women the right to vote, the United States was

Page: 753

Women's participation in the war effort contributed greatly to the fact that they

Page: 752-753

During World War I, the government's treatment of labor could be best described as

Page: 751

The two groups who suffered most from the violation of civil liberties during World War I were

Page: 750

The enormous nationwide steel strike of 1919 resulted in

Page: 752

The movement of tens of thousands of Southern blacks north during World War I resulted in

Page: 752

Two examples of forceful federal government action to organize the nation for war were

Page: 755

Most of the money raised to finance World War I came from

Page: 755

Despite reluctance by both the president and Congress, the United States resorted to forced conscription in 1917 because

Page: 756

Before Woodrow Wilson would agree to an armistice ending World War I fighting, he demanded that

Page: 760

The Germans were heavily demoralized by

Page: 761

a) preventing a seizure of territory by the victors.
b) an end to the European colonial empires in Africa and Asia.
c) a world parliament of nations to provide collective security.
d) national self-determination for smaller European nations.
e) free trade and freedom of the seas.
of the following goals except

Page: 763

After the Treaty of Versailles had been signed, Woodrow Wilson

Page: 764

Senate opponents of the League of Nations, as proposed in the Treaty of Versailles, argued that it

Page: 766

In the United States, the most controversial aspect of the Treaty of Versailles was the

Page: 764

The major weakness of the League of Nations was that it

Page: 767

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