Reading Vocabulary

Created by oreillyj 

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55 terms

antonym

word that means the oppostie of another word

context

other words in a sentence or passage which help you figure out the meaning

dialect

the way people in a particular area or place speak EX: y'all instead of you

jargon

language or special terminology used by a particular group of people, often related to their work EX: medical terms used by people working in medical field

genre

form of writing EX: poem, short story

literal

having the precise, stated meaning of a word

non-literal

not having the exact, stated meaning of a word EX: He is driving me up a wall.

prefix

a syllable (or several syllables) at the beginning of a word which changes its meaning

root

the word base

scan

to review a passage quickly looking for key information

skim

to read quickly for the main idea of a passage

specialized vocabulary

terms which refer to a certain content area

strategy

a plan

suffix

a syllable (or several syllables) at the end of a word which changes its meaning or part of speech

synonym

A word having the asmae meaning, or nearly the same meaning, as another word

abstract term

an expression which is hard to understand because it cannot be defined

characterization

developing a character in a story by describing appearance, revealing thoughts, or letting the character speak

conclusion

a decision you reach based upon what you have read and learned

concrete terms

expressions which have exact, precise meanings EX: a 76-story building, half past midnight

connotation

suggested meaning of an expression EX: a well-worn armchair could be comfort

denotation

the direct, specific meaning of an expression EX: well-worn armchair is simply a shabby piece of furniture

generalization

broad overall statement concerning a particular topic

inference

an educated guess based on the clues the author has planted

information

facts, data; the things you need to know

key idea

the idea that the author is chiefly interested in supporting

loaded words

words which are meant to appeal to your emotions, or carry with them multiple meanings that are meant to influence your opinion EX: cigarettes "cancer sticks"

main idea

the most important idea that is supported by the rest of the paragraph or passage

plot

main events in a story; what happened to whom and in what order

point of view

perspective from which the story is presented

prediction

an assumption you make about what will logically happen next

setting

time and place of action in a story

theme

the big idea of a story which connects the character, setting, and plot

allusion

reference to something else EX: A character might say she was ready to build an Ark after the rain.

argument

a logical series of statements leading from a premise to a conclusion

author's purpose

the intentional message a writer wants to convey to readers; why the author is writing this

bandwagon

persuasion which claims that something is attracting growing support EX: "Everybody's doing it"

conflict

the problem a character in a story faces

details

small,but important, bits of information

emotional appeal

persuasion aimed at your feelings

ethical appeal

persuasion aimed at your sense of wanting to do what is right, fair, or honest

expert opinion

persuasion which includes the words of someone who is considered to be an authority on the subject

fact

something that is true

informative passage

an excerpt which is written to provide facts, data, and things you need to know

logical appeal

a persuasive attempt aimed at your ability to reason and make judgment

motivation

the reasons that people or characters act as they do

opinion

a belief, which may or may not be based on fact

personal attack

persuasive technique which aims its attack at an individual's private life

persuasive passage

an excerpt which is written to convince or change the reader's mind

propaganda

information designed to promote a cause or spread an idea, and usually to damage the opposing side

repetition

saying something over and over in an attempt to persuade

rhetorical question

a stated question that is not really intended to be answered but is asked to make a point

testimonial

a persuasive statement in which you explain the benefits you have received

text-to-self

relating the text to your own life experiences

text-to-text

connecting common themes between texts

text-to-world

relating the text to real world issues

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