As a baby and young child, you went through stages of __________ that allowed you to learn English.
natural language acquisition
In the _____ stage, you used two- or three-word sentences to say everything you needed to say. You left off articles, pronouns, and prepositions.
In the _____ stage, you used one-word sentences.
Sometimes, you applied a rule everywhere, even places where it didn't apply. This tendency is called _____.
A person learning a new language as an adult goes through a process called _____.
second language acquisition
You _____ your native language.
Human beings are _____ for language.
It is more difficult to learn a _____ language than a _____ language.
Humans learn sounds in their order of _____.
I putted the toys on the shelf.
Gurgle! Coo. Waaaaaah!
Sand shoe! (I have sand in my shoes!)
ba ba, da da, ma ma!
Mo? (I want more!)
What is not one of the regional dialects of the United States? (General American, Standard, New England, or Southern)
The types of dialects many people speak include ethnic, regional, and _____.
What regional dialect is closest to Standard English?
Dialects differ from one another in what aspects?
pronunciation, vocabulary, and idiom
African American Vernacular, Chicano English, and Cajun English are examples of _____ dialects.
Teenagers tend to use their own special language with each other. This language is an example of a _____ dialect.
_____ is informal language used by members of a social group.
_____ is technical vocabulary used i particular professions.
I reckon it's right time for supper. (regional, ethnic, or social dialect)
He be workin'. (regional, ethnic, or social dialect)
Pastor's message was such a blessing. (regional, ethnic, and social dialect)
agreed-on ways to use language in different situations
a common way of defining and using words
a common way of clearly expressing sentences
a common way of speaking and reading words
a common way of writing words
capitalization and punctuation rules
_____ language is used for everyday conversations in public places.
_____ language follows a specific form.
_____ language uses some colloquialism and slang.
_____ language uses precise vocabulary.
_____ language is used for ceremonies and other important occasions.
_____ language is used in casual settings.
_____ English is Standard English without precise vocabulary or specific form.
_____ language is demonstrated by the statement: "This is my buddy Jon."
_____ language is demonstrated by the statement: "I'd like you to meet John and Betty Smith."
_____ language is demonstrated by the statement: "Please allow me to introduce Mr. and Mrs. Sterling Baughm."
Oxford English Dictionary
ultimate dictionary authority today
the science of dictionary making
believed that language change was the result of language corruption
a record of the way in which language is actually used
Dictionary of the English Language
attempts to slow or halt language change
American Dictionary of the English Language
scholars who set standards for how language should be used
a record of scholarly opinion regarding how language should be used
the use of literary texts to establish context for definitions of words
the history of a word
_____ dictionary was a grammarian's attempt to keep the language from "decaying".
_____ dictionary set a standard for American English.
_____ dictionary represented the language of an educated elite.
_____ dictionary set a standard for British English.
_____ dictionary was the first to make wide-spread use of etymology.
_____ dictionary represented the language of a broad base of educated people.
_____ dictionary was the first to use the historical method.
_____ modeled patriotism and Christian conduct.
descriptions of the "status" of a word, usually in abbreviated form (archaic, obsolete, regional, nonstandard, slang)
the accepted meaning of a word
the function of the word in a sentence
part of speech
the "history" of a word, beginning with the earliest language to which it can be traced
the word as it appears in other forms, correctly spelled
a date marking the first known appearance of the word in a written text
earliest recorded use
the word itself as it should be spelled
words meaning the same or nearly the same thing as the entry word
the word as it should be pronounced