original or earliest known; native; indigenous
the name used by Canada's Aboriginal or indigenous peoples, which refers to INDIAN peoples and may sometimes include the MÉTIS and INUIT
Inuit simply means "people." Inuit were earlier known by Europeans as "Eskimos"
Igloo, or snowhouse, was a winter dwelling utilized by INUIT across the Arctic.
A one-person closed-deck hunting craft, employed by Inuit groups.
Used for moving family and possessions to seasonal hunting areas and for whaling expeditions.
A religious or mystical expert (male or female) who in FIRST NATIONS and INUIT societies undergoes initiation experiences in altered states of consciousness.
A term which designates a confederacy of 5 tribes originally inhabiting the northern part of New York state, consisting of the SENECA, CAYUGA, ONEIDA, ONONDAGA and MOHAWK.
land set aside by treatys.
The basic house type of northern Iroquoian peoples such as the HURON and IROQUOIS.
A conical skin-and-frame dwelling, the tipi was an easily moved yet substantial structure used by the nomadic Plains Indians.
an Algonquian domed or conical dwelling prevalent in the eastern half of N America. The circular framework of poles was covered with bark or reed mats.
Indigenous people living in area from southern Manitoba and the Mississippi River westward to the Rocky Mountains, and from the North Saskatchewan River south into Texas
A highly regulated event historically common to most Northwest Coast native groups
Enabled INDIANS, INUIT and MÉTIS to obtain full recognition of their rights under treaties or as the original inhabitants of what is now Canada