The strongest germainic tribe in western europe after the fall of the Romans
Merrovingian, Marries bergundy princess, gains land, converts to christianity and gains support of the church, the kingdom gets divided among all male heirs.
nickname of the merovingian kings, means lazy kings.
Mayors of the palace
Cheif of the royal household, eventually become real rulers due to weak kings, hereditary, were basically assistants.
Unites all the frankish tribes.
Aka the hammer. Strong military leader. Mayor of the palace, deafeated the spanish moors in 732 the battle of tours.
aka the short, gets help from the pope to be king, in exchange for the pope wanting to beat the lombards. He beats the lombards. Starts the line of Carolingian rulers
Grant of land given by a lord
A noble or clergyman who has been granted a fief
System of inheritance from father to elder son for ownership and possesion of land
Peasants who were bound to the land and couldnt leave. They worked theyre whole life.
The ceremony to seal the relationship between the king and the vassal.
Peace of G-d
Prohibited warfare around holy buildings and near churches where the preists were
Truce of G-d
No violence on certain days such as holidays. No one can attack woman, clergy, cattle, or agricultural equipment
determining guilt or innoscence, trial by battle
Trial by Compurgnation
Trial by Ordeal
Iron onto the hand to see how the accused was guilty or innocent
System of gov that evolved around self sufficient farming estates where lords and peasants shared the land.
A code of conduct for the knights
the first stage to becoming a knight. You learn how to attend a knight, learn manners, leanr how to ride, and clean weapons+horses
the second stage to becoming a knight, at around teenhood, kinghts assistant, caring for horses, train with weapons, and go to battle
expands the kingdom, conquers the saxons, conquers the avars.
Ruled the smaller kingdoms, observed the smaller kingdoms
another word for counts
Rewritten manuscripts by charlemagne.
Study of public speaking
the ceremony when a squire is crowned as a knight
Managed a diocese, supervised parish preists, administered sacramanets
managed serveral diocese, supervised the bishops
advised the pope on legal + spiritual matters- most important members of the curia, elected the pope
Supreme authority over church located in Rome, ruled all the papal states
Banning a region from religious christian practice
People who were disapproved by the church for preaching their own ideas
Going against the church
Banning someone from the church
When wealthy people bought a position in the church in order to make money
when a noble or a king appoints a close friend or relative as a bishop or abbot
Western Roman Catholic
Clergy couldnt marry cause it took away from their concentration and dedication to the church
Eastern Roman Catholic
Clergy could marry
Search for heretics
Angles and Saxons
germainic tribes that invaded Britain
Current prime minister of the U.K
Land of the Angles
The smaller kingdoms of England (if i got it right)
Alfred the Great
Reinforces his army against the Danes, Biggest problem was the danes, eventually sign Peace of Danelaw
King of denmark who later on conquered england.
Edward the confessor
half anglo saxon and half normandy, chosen by anglo saxon nobles to be king, dies without children
Harold of Wessex
Brother in law of Ed
Duke William of Normandy
Edward's Cousin, promised the throne by edward before he died, gains pope's support.
Harald the Dane
Relative to king canute
Battle of Hastings
Harrald the Dane attacks Harold of Wessex. Harrald the Dane dies in battle against Harold of Wessex. William of Normandy wins against Harrald of Wessex.
The last time England gets successfully invaded
This was a long sheet of cloth that represents the events that led up until 1066, made by William's wife matilda
book of records of all the things king william is king of, takes cencus, makes taxes
Established the dept. of exchequer, organized courts into traveling judges, had wars against rebellious french nobles which later created nationalism. Taxes came from the central gov.
Nobles no longer supply military service but they payed money directly to the king, creates a national army, creats circuits for judges, appoints juries in each district, tried to have clergys go on jury duty (i think)
Signed by King John in 1215, created because king john became too powerful, creates due process, states that the law was supreme authority.