AP American Gov and Politics A (unit 3)

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Almost every policy the national government has adopted has originated with

the states.

If the allocation of power under dual federalism were compared to a cake it would be most like

a layer cake, with two distinct layers.

Which of the following statements about federalism is false?

The American system has always been neatly separated into purely state and purely national responsibilities.

The constitutional requirement that the states return a person charged with a crime in another state to that state for trial or imprisonment is known as

extradition.

Federalism is

a system of shared power by the state and national governments.

Fiscal federalism is

the pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system.

Which of the following statements is TRUE?

Federal grants can put an unwanted financial burden on states.

Most of the governments in the world today are _________, in which all power resides in the central national government.

unitary

As a result of our federal form of government, the death penalty in the United States

varies substantially by state.

The enumerated powers of Congress and the national government are those

specifically spelled out in the Constitution.

Which of the following is NOT an effect of federalism?

It simplifies the governmental system.

The power to directly regulate drinking ages, marriage and divorce, and sexual behavior and the like has been granted

to state governments.

A form of governmental structure in which the national government is weak and most or all power is in the hands of its components (e.g., states) is known as

a confederation.

The Constitution's provision that Congress has the right to "make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution" its powers is often referred to as the

elastic clause.

How is a unitary system different from a federal one?

The national government can change the boundaries of states, or abolish them.

How many governments are there in the United States?

over 87,000

About ________ of the funds state and local governments spend comes from the federal government.

25%

The Tenth Amendment

states that powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by the states, are reserved to the states.

In ________ federalism, the powers and policy assignments of the different levels of government are distinct, like a layer cake.

dual

Which of the following is NOT true?

No unitary governments are democratic.

Business interests have traditionally found their demands received most favorably by

state governments.

A project grant is

awarded on the basis of competitive application.

In the 1950s and 1960s, the proclamation of states' rights was usually made by those opposing the national government's efforts in the area of

civil rights for African Americans.

A marriage license issued in one state is valid and honored in all states under the constitutional provision of

full faith and credit.

A tuition difference between in-state and out of state students is an example of

How states make exceptions to the privileges and immunities clause

If the allocation of power in a cooperative federal system were compared to a cake it would be most like

a marbled cake where the colors blend into each other.

The Supreme Court case of McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

stated that the Constitution gave Congress implied powers.

Over the last 125 years the people of the United States have turned increasingly to the national government to solve problems or provide assistance because

a problem or policy often requires the authority and resources of the national government.

The National Defense Education Act, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and the Interstate Highway System are all examples of

cooperative federalism.

Federal support for public education is an example of a

cooperative federalism.

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