Mod B chapter 3

Created by alejandra26 

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anaerobes

microorganism that do not requiere oxygen to grow

autoclave

equipment that sterilizes objects through the use of steam under pressure or gas

bacilli

rod-shaped bacteria

center of disease control and prevention

federal agency responsible for establishing guidelines to prevent the spread of disease-producing microorganism

cocci

round or spherical bacteria

desinfection

destruction or inhibition of the activity of pathogens but not of spores

exposure incident

contact with blood o other biohazardous and infectious materials that occur at work

indirect contact

method by wich microorganisms are transmitted other than by person to person contact

material safety data sheet

fact sheet about chemicals that includes handling precautions and first-aid procedures after a person has been exposed to a chemical

method of transmission

way that microorganisms are passed on the other hosts or objects

normal flora

microorganisms that naturally occur within certain body system

parasite

infectious organism that needs a host to live or survive

protozoa

single celled animal

rickettsiae

microorganisms that live in a particular species of insect and are transmitted through its bite

right to know law

hazard communication standard that allows each employee to know of potential exposure problems

route of entry

way in wich a microorganism enters the body

spirilla

spiral or corkscrew shaped bacteria

sterile

free from all microorganism including spores

sterilization strip

chemical indicator embedded within the center of a wrapped, dense pack that shows conditions for sterilization within the pack

streptococci

bacteria that appear in chains

surgical asepsis

removal of all microorganisms from an object including spores

susceptible host

person, insect, or animal that can be infected easily by a particular microorganism

transient flora

microorganisms that easily transfer to a host because of its location

viruses

smallest of all microorganisms, visible only under electron microscopy

work practice controls

minimaze the possibility of infectious exposure to employees

surgical handwash

cleaning the hands with an antiseptic solution using a prescribed time and action to remove most microorganisms possible

microorganisms

are found in the air we breathe, on our skin, on everything we touch, and even in our food

protozoa

are single celled animals found in contaminated water and decaying material

medical asepsis

is the proces of making an area clean and free of infection causing microorganism

biological indicator

provides the only true indication that an item is sterile

fungi

include yeast and molds

OSHA mandates that employers must provide

an exposure control plan, implementatiom of engineering controls, PPEs

the CDC recommends the use of

alcohol based handcrubs by all health care providers during patient care

hand hygiene

antiseptic handrubs, handwashing, antiseptic hand wash, and surgical handwashing

sanitization

reduces the number of microorganisms on an item

nonsterile disposable gloves

are used when performing clean procedures

when storing autoclaved instruments

the packages with the oldest date are placed up front

engineering controls

are equipment and facilities that minimaze the possibility of exposure to microorganisms

aerobes

are microorganisms that need oxygen to live

bacilli

are bacteria with a hard wall capsule that is resistant to heat

carrier and reservoir host

is an infected person who has disease causing germs but not have symptoms of the disease

nondisease producing microorganism are also called

nonpathogens

chemical indicator

a device that is impregnated with a special dye that changes color when exposed to the sterilization process

indirect contact

a method by wich microorganism are transmitted other than via person to person contact

medical asepsis

is the process of making an area clean and free of infectious materials and spaces

gloves

reduces hand contamination by 75%

nonpathogens

are nonharmful and are not disease producing microorganisms

viruses

can reproduce only if they are within a living cell

sterilization

occurs by using heat, steam under pressure, gas, ultraviolet light or chemicals

disinfection

destroys pathogens

surgical asepsis

is the removal of all microorganism both pathogenic and nonpathogenic from an object

when drawing blood sterile gloves are used

false

conditions that must be met for steam sterilization to occur

appropriate time period depending on size of surgiacal pack or instrument, pressure of 15 pounds, temperature of 250 to 270 F

biological indicator

provides the only tru indication that an item is sterile

sanitization occurs by using heat, steam under pressure, gas, UV light or chemical

false

hand hygiene

maintaining the hands in a clean state by using soap and water, antiseptic solution or alcohol based hand rubs

infection control

established polices and procedures that must be followed to minimize the risk of spreding diseaseproducing microorganisms

microorganism that feed on organic material are

fungia

microorganisms are microscopic animals capable of reproducing

true

paper or muslin wrapped aotoclaved items can be stored for

30 days

normal flora refers to organisms that grow on the surface of the skin and are picked up easily by the hands

false

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