History 5 Ch 4

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Old World History & Geography in Christian Perspective Chapter 4

Name the three peninsulas of the Middle East.

Arabian Peninsula, Sinai Peninsula, and
Asia Minor Peninsula

Which peninsula is called Turkey today?

Asia Minor Peninsula

Mount Ararat

The second-highest mountain in the Middle East where Noah's Ark is believed to have settled after the great Flood.

Most Arabs in the Middle East speak what language? and follow the religion of what?

Arabic ; Islam

What are the three most influential religions in the world?

Islam, Judaism, Christianity

Oil

Is the most important natural resource in the Middle East today.

What year was the modern nation of Israel founded?

1948

Jerusalem

Israel's capital.

What natural resource from Lebanon was treasured in the ancient world?

cedars of Lebanon

What is Lebanon's capital?

Beirut

Captial city in Syria

Damascus

Amman, the capital city of.....

Jordan

What is the capital of Iraq?

Baghdad

plateau

An area of high, level land.

steppes

Dry, grassy plains with little rainfall.

fertile

Land that is able to grow crops.

Zionism

The movement whose purpose was the return of the Jews to the Holy Land.

mosque

Islamic building of worship.

1948

The year the modern state of Israel was formed and became a nation..

Allah

The god of Islam.

Koran

The holy book of Islam.

Three important rivers of the Middle East.

Jordan River, Tigris River, and Euphrates River

Three religions that began in the Middle East.

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Muhammad

The founder of Islam.

David Ben-Gurion

The first prime minister of Israel.

What is the worlds largest Peninsula?

Arabian Peninsula

What is the Middle East's second-highest mountain?

Mt. Ararat

What language is the most common in the Middle East?

Arabic

What is the single largest religious group in the world?

Muslims

What is the largest city in Turkey?

Istanbul

What island nation is located south of Turkey?

Cyprus

What is the largest Middle Eastern nation?

Saudi Arabia

Which Middle Eastern country used to be called "Persia"?

Iran

The largest continent.

Asia

The world's largest Lake.

Caspian Sea

The world's highest mountain system.

Himalayas

The highest mountain in the world.

Mt. Everest

The altitude of Mt. Everest.

29,035 feet high

The world's coldest desert "outside of Antarctica".

Gobi desert

The largest country in the world.

Russia

The country with the most people.

China

The Middle East country "Israel"

Its capital Jerusalem

The Middle East country " Lebanon"

Its capital Beirut

"Syria"

capital Damascus

"Jordan"

capital Amman

"Iraq"

capital Baghdad

"Saudi Arabia"

capital Riyadh

"Turkey"

capital Ankara

"Iran"

capital Tehran

"India"

capital New Delhi

Sinai Peninsula

Triangular peninsula where the Israelites wandered for 40 years.

Most Arabs in the Middle East speak what language?

Arabic

Most Arabs in the Middle East follow what religion?

Islam

Climate of the middle east

hot and dry

Largest Peninsula

Arabian

Country with most people

China

2 largest oil producers

Saudi Arabia, Iran

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