Basic Kinesiology Terms

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Intro Kinesiology Terms

Kinesiology

The study of body movement of a human

Biomechanics

Application of Mechanical principles in the study of living organisms

Kinetics

study of the action of forces

Kinematics

description of movement, form pattern sequence with consideration of space and time

Osteokinematics

gross movements of bones and joints

Arthrokinematics

Intrinsic movement in joints (twist, spin, glide, shift)

Medial

Toward to the midline of the body

Lateral

Away from the midline of the body

Anterior

Front of the body

Posterior

Back of the body

Ventral

Belly side, palm side, (like anterior)

Dorsal

Back side (like posterior)

Proximal

Closer to the trunk (mainly extremities)

Distal

Farther from the trunk (mainly extremities)

Superior

Toward the head

Inferior

Away from the head

Cranial

Toward the head (Superior)

Caudal

Toward the "tail" (Inferior)

Radial Deviation

Movement of wrist toward the thumb

Ulnar Deviation

Movement of the wrist away from the thumb

Circumduction

360 degree motion

Biomechanics vs. Mechanics

Body or living thing vs. Machine

Statics

Branch of mechanics dealing with systems in a constant state of motion

Dynamics

Branch of mechanics dealing with systems subject to acceleration

Anthropometric Factors

The study of the ways to measure the human body

Inference

The process of forming deductions from available information

Quantitative Analysis

Uses numbers (six meters, fifty turns, ten dollars, two players)

Qualitative Analysis

Uses words (good, poor, heavy, fixed, rotated)

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