Chapter 24 Flashcards

37 terms by bbaum9 

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This is just my list of nouns

Second Industrial Revolution

Closed the gap between industrial growth in England and on the continent and was associated with steel, chemicals, electricity, and oil

Bessemer

Invented new process for cheaply making large amounts of steel

Solway process

Replaced Leblanc process of alkali production, more recovery of chemical byproducts, increased production of sulfuric acid and laundry soap

Daimler

Put the internal combustion engine on four wheels making first automobile

electricity

most significant change for industry, most versatile and transportable energy source ever invented

Ford

Made cars affordable to large numbers of people

unemployment

word coined during 19th century

Bicycles

First mass-produced machines for individual travel

Dunlop

Invented pneumatic tire

Michelin

brothers who introduced the inner tube

bloomers

trousers worn under skirts

Smith

Owned reailway newstands in England and was made a mamber of the house of lords

Krupp family

family which was a pillar of the German state

petite bourgeoisie

"white-collar" workers of the lower middle class, included secretaries, retail clerks and lower-level bureaucrats

Paris

most famous and extensively redesigned city

Napoleon III

Became determined to remodel Paris

Haussmann

Appointed by Napoleon III to head the reconstruction of Paris

metro

French subway system built in 1895

Eiffel Tower

Originally built for trade exposition center which symbolized the impact of the middle class and steel

Basilica of the Sacred Heart

Built on Montmartre as an act of national penance for sins which led to losing the Franco-Prussian War

Suburbs

housed families whose breadwinners worked in nearby cities

Cholera

Disease which spread in epidemics through 1830s-40s catching the middle class's attention

Miasmas

Were believed to spread disease, marked by foul odors

Albert Embankment

Built along the Thames, thick walls of concrete and granite housing sewers, gas, and water pipes

Public Health Act of 1848

British law which introduced new limits on private life for the sake of public health

Melun Act of 1851

French health law

Pasteur, Koch, Lister

Made discoveries leading to bacterial theory and increased cleanliness in cities

Simon

Saw good housing as leading to good family life and in turn patriotism

Housing reform

solution of middle-class reformers to dangers of slums

Married Woman's Property Act

British law which in 1882 allowed married women to own their own property

Divorce

Difficult to attain across europe

Court of Matrimonial Causes

Allowed people to procure divorce with some difficulty in Britain

Italy

More open to female students and instructors than any other European country

Zurich

University which many Russian women attended to study for medical degrees

Schoolteaching

Became seen as a feminine job because it required nurturing children

putting-out system

System of clothing production in which the manufacturer bought fabric and gave it to workers to tailor in their own homes or smaller sweatshops

Prostitution

Many women had to resort to this to survive because of overcrowded labor force and low wages

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