"Reading Pali," Gair & Karunatillake, Lesson I, initial glossary [Velthuis]

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SOURCE: This quiz is based on "A New Course in Reading Pali: Entering the Word of the Buddha," by James W. Gair & W.S. Karunatillake (1998/2005), Lesson I, initial glossary, pp. 2-4. SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL: An on-line class by Bhikkhu Bodhi using this text can be found at http://www.bodhimonastery.net/bm/programs/pali-class-online.html . Lesson I's initial readings (pp. 1-2) can be found in the following passages of the Pali Canon (CSCD edition): Reading 1: Khp 1 ("Sara…

akusala

bad (inefficient, sinful)

agutta

unguarded

a~n~na

other

attho

advantage (meaning, aim, purpose)

adanta

untamed

anattho

disadvantage (pointlessness)

anuppanna

not arisen (PTS PED) (Gair & Karunatillake: "not having come into being")

anuppaado

(not coming into existence, hence:) non-existing

arakkhita

unprotected (unwatched)

asa.mvuta

unrestrained

asammoso

non-bewilderment (non-confusion)

aarabhati

begins

aarabhati viriya.m

takes effort (strives)

uppanna

arisen (PTS PED) (Gair & Karnunatillake: "having come into being, hence 'existing'")

uppajjati

arises (is born, comes into existence)

uppaado

arising (coming into existence)

eka

one (single, only)

eva

very, certainly (Gair & Karunatillake, p. 7) (emphatic particle)

eva.m

thus

kusala

virtuous (good, efficient, skilled)

gacchati

goes

gutta

guarded (protected)

ca

and (also)

citta.m

mind

ceva (sandhi)

ca + eva

chando

desire (resolution, will)

janeti

generates (causes to be born)

.thiti

persistence (continuity)

tatiya.m

third time

iti (-ti)

quotation marker

danta

tamed

dutiya.m

second time

dhammo

doctrine, element (physical or mental)

naaha.m (sandhi)

na + aha.m

nuppajjati (sandhi)

na + uppajjati

pagga.nhaati

uplifts (takes up, makes ready, holds out/up)

padahati

exerts (strives, confronts)

parihaayati

decreases (deteriorates)

pahaana.m

abandoning (PTS PED) (Gair & Karunatillake: "avoidance, destruction")

paapaka

sinful (evil, wicked)

paaripuuri

fulfillment (completion)

pi

again, also (Gair & Karunatillake, p. 7) (emphatic particle)

buddho

a Buddha (one who has reached enlightenment)

bhaavanaaya

(to/for) development

bhaavanaa

development

bhikkhave

Oh, monks

bhikkhu

(Buddhist) monk

bhiyyobhaavo

increase (growth)

bhiyyo

greater

bhaavo

state

mahato

(to/for) great, big

mahanta

great, big

micchaadi.t.thi

incorrect views

micchaadi.t.thiko

he who has incorrect views

yathayida.m

that is to say (namely, to wit)

yathaa

as, like (Gair & Karunatillake: "thus")

ida.m

this

ya.m

which, that

yena

by which

rakkhita

protected (watched)

vaayamati

strives (endeavors, struggles)

viriya.m

effort (exertion, energy)

vepulla.m

fullness (abundance)

sa"ngho

community (association) (esp., of Buddhist monks)

sa.mvattati

leads to (is conducive to)

sa.mvuta

restrained (controlled)

samanupassati

sees (perceives correctly)

sammaadi.t.thiko

he who has right views

sammoso

bewilderment (confusion)

sara.na.m

refuge (protection)

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