From Bacteria to Plants 2-1 -> 2-3

Created by lfeld52 

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Vocabulary from text book

bacteriophage

a virus that infects bacteria

parasite

an organism that lives inside or on another organism/host

host

a living thing that provides a source of energy for a virus or an organism

virus

A small, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces inside a living cell

asexual reproduction

a reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent

bacteria

one-celled microorganisms, some of which are beneficial and some of which cause disease

binary fission

a form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to form two identical cells

decomposer

an organism that breaks down chemicals from wastes and dead organisms, and returns important materials to the soil and water

Anton Leeuwenhoek

invented microscope looked at pond water called it animalcules

sexual reproduction

process in which genetic material from two parents combines and produces offspring that differ genetically from either parent

endospore

a thick-coated, resistant cell produced within a bacterial cell exposed to harsh conditions

antibiotic

a chemical that can kill bacteria without harming a person's cells

infectious disease

a disease that is passed from one organism to another

toxin

a poison that can harm an organism

vaccine

a substance that stimulates the body to produce chemicals that destroy viruses or bacteria

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