famine caused people to move to Egypt; Joseph interpeted to store food but became slaves instead
3 basic befliefs of the Israelites
1.God made escape from Egypt possible 2.Israelites were God's chosen people 3.1 true god-monotheism
Historians use The Scriptures with other evidence
factual account of Biblical times; Historians look for other facts to prove it
(shepard from Ur)-led the Hewbrews, descendants of Abraham, to Canaan
now Israel, Jordan, parts of Syria and Labanon
landforms in Canaan
fertile plains, grassy slopes, rocky hills, desert
people in Canaan are called
nomads and herders
Canaan is an
important trade spot
Canaan is close to
Abraham's grandson/ wrestled with God who changed his name to Israel
what does Israel mean?
"One who wrestled with God."
believers came known as
became strong Israelite leader
Moses made __________ with God
departure of Israelites from Egypt-led by Moses
Took ____ years
the passing over Hebrews houses
special meal during Passover
God promised to love and protect Israelites; Israelites pormised to love and follow God
1.1 God 2.no idols 3.don't use God's name in vain 4.keep the Sabbath day holy 5.honnor your mom and dad 6.don't commit murder 7.don't commit adultery 8.don't steal 9.don't lie 10.don't covet (jealous)
1st king-chosen by the Israelites
grew up to be king of Israelites-captured Jerusalem made it capital of Israelites nation
David ruled for ____ years
David's dynasty lasted ______ years
David grew up to be _____ of the Israelites
David's son-made it a peaceful time
Solomon made _____ with pharaoh of Egypt/other rulers
The treaties assured the Israelites ______
Solomon built the main _____ of Jerusalem
The Israelites had to pay ______
Israel spilt for 200 years by political reasons not religious
Northern part was known as
Southern part was known as
Israel was taken over by who?
Judah fell to who?
where did Nebuchadnezzar take them?
what did Nebuchadnezzar do to the temple and covenant?
he destroyed it
what did the Israelites become once they got to Mesopotamia?
Cyrus the Great of the Persian Empire took control of _________
what did Cyrus the Great let the Jews do? but what couldn't they do?
Jews could go back to their land but couldn't rule it
waht did the Jews have to do once they got back to their land?
rebuild the temple and covenant
a priest and scribe that returned with a collection of writings
1.Genesis 2.Exodus 3.Leviticus 4.Numbers 5.Deuteronomy
what is the Torah considered?
God's will of humanity
Syrian ruler-forced Jews to adopt to Greek customs and ideas of Greek Gods
what Jewish priest refused to adopt to Greek customs and Gods?
where did Mattathis and his 5 sons hide?
in the hills of Judah
Judah Maccabbe (Matt's son) finally drove the Syrians out
the celebration of when the Jews drove out the Syrians
born a Jew-God's son
Who were Jesus' parents?
Mary and Joseph
what was Judah called during Jesus' lifetime?
what did Jesus have?
a group of followers-diciples
who did most Jews not follow?
what did some Jews consider Jesus?
written in Greek sometime around 50-100 AD
1st 4 books fo the New Testament
list the the Gospels
1.Matthew 2.Mark 3.Luke 4.John
when were the Gospels written?
after the death of Jesus
celebration of the Resurrection-3rd day after Jesus' death
after the resurrection Jesus was given the name _____
the Romans killed Jesus because they thought he was too________
Romans killed Jesus and many others to keep Jews from _______
after romans destroyed the city(2nd time) only thing left was the _________
Western Wall of the temple
like Maccabbees-rebelled aganist romans
Zealots used _____________ tactics against the Romans
the Zealots were successful for a _______
Romans got mad and ____________
Titus eventually conqered ____________
Jewish religious teacher; leader of Jewish congregation
a building or meeting place for Jewish worship and instruction
founded by Mohammed
final and most important prophet in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
God is ________
this is a ____________ religion, the followers are called ________
the Holy Book and follows the Old Testament and the New Testament
5 Pillars of Faith
1.belief one god, Allah, and the prophet Mohammed 2.prayer 5 times a day 3.fasting 4.giving alms-helping the needy 5.pilgrimage to Mecca